What is Geothermal Energy and How Does it Work?

Geothermal energy is the thermal energy generated and stored in the earth. It is the thermal energy generated from radioactive decay and continuous heat loss from earth’s formation. The geothermal energy of the earth is more than adequate to supply humanity’s energy needs but only a small fraction can be exploited profitably.

Candidates would find this topic to be of importance while preparing for IAS Exam.

What are the 3 Advantages of Geothermal Energy?

The advantages associated with Geothermal energy is given below.

  1. It is environmentally friendly, does not cause any pollution.
  2. Small footprint on the land, can be partially built ground.
  3. It is a renewable source of energy.

What are the 3 Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy?

The disadvantages associated with the geothermal energy is given below

  1. Geothermal power plants can cause earthquakes
  2. Costs incurred for establishing geothermal power plants is prohibitively very high.
  3. Geothermal reservoirs are very location-specific.

Which are the Natural Examples of Geothermal energy?

The natural examples of geothermal energy are given below.

  1. Geysers
  2. Lava Fountain
  3. Hot Springs

The above details would help candidates preparing for UPSC 2020.

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