The envoy is an ambassador of a respective country. India is a land of beautiful culture and tradition. This draws many foreigners from different countries to our land. A great number of foreign travellers have visited India and appreciated the beauty of our country in different ways- poetry, books, travelogue. Megasthenes, ambassador of Seleucus Nikator was the first foreign traveller to India. India has witnessed the visit of great foreign envoys like Al-Masudi, Fa-Hien, Hiuen-Tsang, Marco Polo and Abdul Razak, etc. Read on to get the list of important foreign travellers in Indian history for the IAS Exam.
Aspirants reading about foreign travellers in Indian History can also read other important History articles:
|List of Governors-General of India||List of Mughal Emperors|
|Indus Valley Civilization (IVC)||Important Dynasties & Kingdoms of Ancient India|
Important Foreign Travellers to India
|Period of Stay||Description|
|Abdur Razzak||1443 A.D. – 1444 A.D.||
|Alberuni/Abu al-Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni||1024 A.D. – 1030 A.D.)||
|Captain William Hawkins||1608 A.D. – 1611 A.D.||
|Fa-Hien||405 A.D. – 411 A.D.||
|Francois Bernier||1656 A.D. – 1668A.D.||
|Huien Tsang||630 A.D. – 645 A.D.||
|Ibn Battuta||1333 A.D. – 1347 A.D.||
|Marco Polo||1292 A.D. – 1294 A.D.||
|Megasthenes||302 B.C. – 298 B.C.||
|Nicolo Conti||1420 A.D. – 1421 A.D.||
|Thomas Roe||1615 A.D. – 1619 A.D.||
To analyze the trend of history questions asked in UPSC Prelims, you can check the links below:
- Ancient History Questions in UPSC Prelims
- Medieval History Questions in UPSC Prelims
- Modern History Questions in UPSC Prelims
- Art and Culture Questions in UPSC Prelims
Questions from the account of foreign travellers have been asked in the UPSC exam. Aspirants can get the previous years’ History Questions in UPSC Mains GS 1, for reference.
Also, refer to Frequently Asked Questions on IAS Exam at the linked article.
Frequently Asked Questions on Foreign Travellers in Indian History
Q 1. What role did the Foreign travellers play in the history of India?
Q 2. Who were the famous Foreign Travellers of ancient India?
Ans. Few of the most popular foreign travellers of ancient India include:
- Fa Hien
- Marco Polo
- Ibn Battuta
- Al Biruni
- Hiuen Tsang