UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Jal Marg Vikas Project/Jal Marg Vikas Project UPSC
Jal Marg Vikas project (JMVP) is a National Waterways development project announced during the budget 2015-16 by the Government of India for national integration and to make the most of navigational challenges to bring prosperity to the country. It is a non- water consumptive transport project formulated with the aim of reducing rail & road congestion, reducing the carbon footprint and minimal resource depletion. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) – the apex statutory body created in 1986 for the development and regulation of inland waterways has been designated as the Project Implementing Agency by the ministry of shipping.
- A vital element of the JMVP is strategic communication campaigns aimed at securing citizen participation, particularly the communities living along the project corridor.
- Consultation with the families likely to be affected by the project before the ground level implementation.
- The project aims at improving the institutional development and investment climate in India.
- Integrating the vast network of perennial rivers in India with modern technology would create huge employment opportunities and facilitate trade.
The phase-1 of JMVP between Varanasi and Haldia is being implemented with technical and financial assistance from the World Bank. It envisions, developing a navigable channel on the River Ganga, between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 Kms). The development of National Waterway (NW)-1 would facilitate bulk transport of cargo and thereby result in the economic development of the region. The NW-1 passes through West Bengal, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, serving major cities like Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Howrah, Calcutta, Haldia etc. Logistics hubs with rail connectivity at important nodal points along the National Waterway will be created by IWAI with the help of Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL). The project also involves development of fairway, strengthening of river navigation system, conservancy works and modern river information system, Digital Global Positioning System, night navigation facilities, creation of a new state of art navigational Lock at Farraka and Multimodal terminals at Sahibganj, Haldia and Varanasi.