The Large Hadron Collider or LHC is an important topic in science and technology for the UPSC exam. It figures in the news frequently and is hence relevant to the IAS exam. One of the chief objectives of this big machine was to find out more about the existence of the Higgs Boson particle. The particle boson is named after eminent Indian scientist Satyendra Nath Bose. So, this assumes even more importance for the IAS exam.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was constructed to figure out what the Higgs field is, how it works, etc. It is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. It was constructed by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) between 1998 and 2008 in partnership with over 10,000 scientists and engineers from over 100 countries, universities, and laboratories. It was constructed to do much more than discovering the Higgs Boson. The objective of the LHC was to help physicists test predictions of various theories of particle physics. This included measuring the properties of the Higgs Boson and also searching for the big family of new particles as predicted by supersymmetric theories.
Large Hadron Collider Location
This giant and complex machine is located underneath the earth’s surface at a depth of 175 metres below the border between France and Switzerland near Geneva. It lies in a tunnel that is 27 km in circumference.
Its first research took place in March 2010. It discovered the elusive Higgs boson in July 2012.
|CERN – European Organisation for Nuclear Research|
|European X-Ray Free Electron Laser|
|NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR)|