UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention (MGISC)
The Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention (MGISC) is first of its kind sanitation convention. It is a four-day international conference that would bring together Sanitation Ministers and other leaders in WASH (the collective term for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) from around the world. It is being organized by the Government of India’s Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission, the world’s largest sanitation programme. India aims to eliminate open defecation by the 2nd of October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
The rural sanitation coverage has significantly improved from 39% in October 2014, at the start of Swachh Bharat Mission, to 85% (latest figure). The success of the Clean India Mission will undoubtedly have a significant impact on the global achievement of SDG 6.2 i.e, achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations by the year 2030.
The Convention aims to share sanitation success stories and lessons from the participating countries and will culminate with the launch of the Mahatma’s 150th birth year celebrations in India, as SBM enters its final year of implementation. The Convention will include a field visit, plenary sessions, and technical sessions.
In a bid for eliminating the need for manual scavenging, the Central Government has launched a challenge calling cities, companies, research institutes, innovators, and NGOs to propose technology and business solutions to clean urban sewers and septic tanks without human entry. The challenge will be part of the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention.
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|National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)|
|Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989|
|Swachch Bharat Mission|