UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – North Eastern Council
In the year 1971, the North Eastern Council was constituted by the Act of the Parliament. The North Eastern Council is the nodal agency for the economic and social development of the North Eastern Region which consists of the eight States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The constitution of the Council marked the beginning of a new chapter of concerted and planned endeavor for the rapid development of the North Eastern Region.
NEC, over the last thirty-five years, has been instrumental in paving way for new economic endeavors in the region. Its actions are aimed to remove the basic roadblocks that stood in the way of normal development of the region and has ushered in an era of new hope in this backward area full of great potentialities.
Formation of the council:
- The NEC came into being by an Act of Parliament, the North Eastern Council Act, 1971 to act as an advisory body in respect of socio-economic development and balanced development of the North Eastern Areas
- The NEC started functioning in the year 1972.
- The members of the NEC consist of the Governors and the Chief Ministers of the eight-member States including Sikkim, apart from the Chairman and three Members who are nominated by the President of India.
- To discuss any matter in which some or all of the States represented in the Council have a common interest and advise the Central Government and the Governments of the States concerned as to the action to be taken on any such matter, particularly with regard to –
- any matter of common interest in the field of economic and social planning;
- any matter concerning inter-State Transport and Communications;
- any matter relating to Power or Flood-control projects of common interest.
- To formulate and forward proposals for securing the balanced development of the North Eastern Areas particularly with regard to –
- a unified and coordinated Regional Plan, which will be in addition to the State Plan, in regard to matters of common importance to that area;
- prioritizing the projects and schemes included in the Regional Plan and recommend stages in which the Regional Plan may be implemented; and
- regarding the location of the projects and schemes included in the Regional Plan to the Central
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