Salient Features Of The RPA

The act was designed to “take effectual Measures for correcting divers Abuses of election malpractices. The following salient features of RPA are discussed below:

• Qualifications for membership of Parliament.

• Qualifications for membership of the Council of States

• Qualifications for membership of the House of the People

• Qualifications for membership of state Legislatures

• Qualifications for membership of a Legislative Assembly

• Qualifications for membership of a Legislative Council

• Disqualifications for membership of Parliament or of a State Legislature Interpretation, etc

• Qualification and disqualification for membership of electoral colleges

• Qualification for membership of electoral colleges for certain Part C States

• Disqualification for membership of electoral colleges for certain Part C States

• Notification of General Elections

• Notification for election to the Council of States

• Notification for constitution of electoral colleges for certain Part C States

• General elections to the House of the People

• Notification for election to the House of the People

• Notification for election to State Legislative Assemblies

• Notification for election to State Legislative Councils

• Returning Officer for each constituency

• Returning Officers at other elections

• Appointment of Presiding officers for polling stations

• General duty of the presiding officer

• Special provisions in the case of certain elections

• Nomination of candidates

• Appointment of dates for nominations, etc.,

• Public notice of election

• Nomination of candidates for election

• Appointment of election agents

• Disqualification for being an election

• Revocation of the appointment, or death, of an election agent

• Effect of default in appointment of election agent under section 42

• Fixing time for poll

• Adjournment of poll in emergencies

• Fresh poll in the case of destruction, etc.of ballot boxes

• Manner of voting at elections

• Special procedure for voting by certain classes of persons

• Special procedure for preventing personation of electors

• Declaration of results

• Report of the result

• Vacation of seats when elected to both Houses of Parliament

• Vacation of seats by persons already members of one House on election to other House of Parliament

• Election to more than one seat in either House of parliament of in the House or either House of the Legislature
of a State

• Publication of results of general elections to the House of the people and of names of persons nominated by the President

• Publication of results of general elections to the State Legislative assemblies and of names of persons nominated to such assemblies

• Publication of results of elections to the State Legislative Councils and names of persons nominated to such Councils

• Prohibition of public meetings on the election day

• Disturbances at election meetings

• Maintenance of secrecy of voting

• Officers, etc., at elections not to act for candidates or to influence voting

• Prohibition of canvassing in or near polling stations

• Penalty for disorderly conduct in or near polling stations

• Penalty for misconduct at the polling station

• Penalty for illegal hiring or procuring of conveyances at elections

• Breaches of official duty in connection with election

• Removal of ballot papers from polling station to be an offence

• Prosecution regarding certain offences

• Amendment of Act V of 1898

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