Sessions of Indian Parliament

UPSC IAS Exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission which is regarded as the most challenging examination in India. Polity is a vital topic at all the three stages of UPSC IAS exam, be it Prelims, Mains or Interview. Here we are giving information about Sessions of Indian Parliament.

A session of Indian Parliament is the period during which a House meets almost every day uninterruptedly to manage the business. There are typically three sessions in a year. A session contains many meetings. The three important sessions are:

  • Budget Session (February to May)
  • Monsoon Session (July to September)
  • Winter Session (November to December)
  • The budget session is conducted between February and May,
  • This particular session is regarded as highly crucial for the matters it deals with.
  • The budget session opens with the introduction of the Railway Budget.
  • Railway Budget has been scrapped recently.
  • The Budget is presented on the last working day of February.
  • The MPs get an occasion to discuss budgetary provisions and suggestions relating to taxation. 
  • It is frequently found that the budget session is split into two periods with a gap of one month in between.
  • The standing committees pertained to several ministries utilize the intervening period to discuss and consider the Demands for Grants made by the ministries.
  • The time between the prorogation of the Parliament and its reassembly is called recess. 

Monsoon Session 

  • After a brief break of around two months, both the Houses of the Parliament continue business in July and continue till the month of September.
  • Matters of Public interest are mostly discussed in the monsoon session.

Winter Session 

  • Winter Session is the shortest session of all the three sessions
  • It extends over a period of one month usually between mid-November and mid-December.
  • It takes up the matters that could not be considered upon and makes up for the absence of legislative business during the second session of the Parliament.
  • The MPs not only discuss on the administrative strategies but also make sure that the government gets the implication and becomes aware of its lapses.

All the three sessions of the Parliament are identical in their purpose and the functions they are anticipated to perform.   

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