27 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

27 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. SC urged to set up 11-judge Bench on quota cap
2. Draft policy on health data open for feedback
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Won’t compromise over rights at sea: Erdogan
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Gujarat tops exports index: NITI Aayog
2. ‘India risks stagnation if GDP doesn’t grow over 8% annually’
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
EDUCATION
1. Perils of prematurely imparted literacy
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. A shot in the dark
GOVERNANCE
1. Bringing the Internet to everyone
ECONOMY
1. Making agricultural market reforms successful
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. The uncharted territory of outer space
F. Prelims Facts
1. Pulikkali
G. Tidbits
1. Panel to review charter of DRDO labs
2. U.S. blacklists 24 Chinese firms amid South China Sea dispute
3. RS Chairman writes to panel heads on rules
4. SC hits out at Centre on loan moratorium scheme
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Draft policy on health data open for feedback

What’s in News?

The National Health Authority (NHA) has released the draft Health Data Management Policy of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) in the public domain.

Objective:

  • One of the main objectives of the draft policy is to provide adequate guidance and to set out a framework for the secure processing of personal and sensitive personal data of individuals who are a part of the national digital health ecosystem.
  • It will be in compliance with all applicable laws and international standards that define the set of frameworks of consent for the collection and processing of health data by healthcare practitioners and other entities, and other relevant standards related to data interoperability and data sharing.

Details:

  • The draft is the maiden step in realising the NDHM’s guiding principle of ‘Security and Privacy by Design’ for the protection of individuals’ data privacy.
  • It encompasses various aspects pertaining to health data such as data privacy, consent management, data sharing and protection, etc.
  • The NDHM seeks to provide a unique health ID to each citizen who wishes to have one and also on-board the healthcare service provides (hospitals, pharmacies and diagnostic labs, among others). It will have an online database of doctors (DigiDoctor) and personal health records (PHRs).
    • To access one’s PHR, any doctor or institution would have to seek permission from the health ID owner.
    • Access can also be revoked.
  • The Centre has now reiterated the same in the draft health data management policy.
    • Everyone enrolled for the mission will get a Health ID free of cost and have complete control over his or her data.
  • The government has proposed a framework and a set of minimum standards for data privacy protection to be followed across the board in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Won’t compromise over rights at sea: Erdogan

Context:

Turkey President Tayyip Erdogan has asserted that the country is determined to do whatever is necessary to obtain its rights in the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

  • Tensions between Turkey and Greece escalated recently, after Ankara sent a survey vessel to disputed eastern Mediterranean waters, a move Athens called illegal.
  • Turkey and Greece, NATO allies, disagree over claims to hydrocarbon resources in the area based on conflicting views on the extent of their continental shelves.

This issue has been covered in the 19th August 2020 CNA: Troubled waters.

2. ‘India risks stagnation if GDP doesn’t grow over 8% annually’

Context:

McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) report on India’s GDP.

GDP Growth:

  • According to MGI, India’s GDP needs to grow annually at 8-8.5% to create opportunities in the post-COVID-19 era.
    • It opines that India risks a decade of stagnating incomes and quality of life if urgent steps are not taken to spur growth.
    • It said that urgent reforms are required with the aim of increasing productivity and creating jobs.
  • MGI pointed out that the manufacturing and the construction sectors offer the most opportunities for economic growth and also for higher employment.

Urbanisation Trend:

  • There will be 90 million additional workers in search of non-farm jobs by 2030.
    • India will have to triple job creation to 12 million gainful non-farm jobs per year from the 4 million achieved between 2013 and 2018.

Reforms:

On the reforms front, it advocated:

  • Attention to manufacturing, real estate, agriculture, healthcare, and retail sectors.
  • Unlocking land could reduce prices by up to a fourth.
  • Creating flexible labour markets.
  • Enabling efficient power distribution to reduce tariffs for consumers by over 20% and privatising 30 top state-run enterprises.

Financial sector reforms:

  • It said reforms and streamlining fiscal resources can deliver $2.4 trillion in investment while boosting entrepreneurship by lowering the cost of capital for enterprises by about 3.5 percentage points.
  • The report pushes for the creation of a bad bank to take care of dud assets (loans under stress).
  • It added that a bulk of the reforms will have to be undertaken by the States (60%) and the remaining 40% by the Centre.

G. Tidbits

1. Panel to review charter of DRDO labs

What’s in the News?

A five-member expert committee has been constituted to review the charter of duties for all laboratories of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

  • The focus is on the indigenous development of futuristic technologies.

Terms of Reference:

  • To study and review the charter of duties of all the labs of the DRDO.
  • To redefine the charter of duties of the labs on the current and futuristic defence and battlefield scenario.
  • To minimise the overlap of technologies amongst the labs.

2. U.S. blacklists 24 Chinese firms amid South China Sea dispute

What’s in News?

The United States has blacklisted 24 Chinese companies.

  • The U.S. Commerce Department said the 24 companies played a role in helping the Chinese military construct and militarise the internationally condemned artificial islands in the South China Sea.
  • The Commerce Department said it was adding the firms to its entity list.
  • A separate statement said it would impose visa restrictions on Chinese individuals responsible for, or complicit in, such action and those linked to China’s use of coercion against Southeast Asian claimants to inhibit their access to offshore resources.

To know more about “Entity List”, read U.S. imposes more sanctions targeting Huawei.

Note:
  • China claims 90% of the potentially energy-rich South China Sea, but Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam also lay claim to parts of an area through which about $3 trillion of trade passes each year.
  • The US accuses China of militarising the South China Sea and trying to intimidate Asian neighbors who might want to exploit its extensive oil and gas reserves.
  • The U.S. has conducted multiple freedom of navigation operations by sending its warships through the area to assert the freedom of access to international waterways.

3. RS Chairman writes to panel heads on rules

What’s in News?

Rajya Sabha Chairman has written an advisory to the heads of eight parliamentary standing committees advising them to ensure confidentiality of panel meetings.

  • He said that the committees were mandated to carry out detailed scrutiny of legislative proposals which was not feasible for Parliament to do so in the transaction of its day-to-day business.
  • He reiterated the rules and procedures that govern the meetings of the parliamentary panels. And stated:
    • The meetings are confidential and it is not permissible for a member of the committee or anyone who has access to its proceedings to communicate, directly or indirectly, to the media any information regarding its proceedings, including any part of the report or any conclusions arrived at by the committee finally or tentatively before the report has been presented to the House.
    • Violation of this would tantamount to breach of privilege of the House.

4. SC hits out at Centre on loan moratorium scheme

What’s in News?

The Supreme Court criticised the Union government for hiding behind the Reserve Bank of India without making its stand clear on the loan moratorium scheme introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • The top court wanted to know whether the deferment of loan interest to prop up borrowers through their financial crisis during the national lockdown would lead to the accrual of further interest once the freeze is lifted on August 31, 2020.
  • The court is hearing a petition challenging the charging of interest rate on loans even during the three-month moratorium period declared amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Pulikkali:
  1. It is a folk dance performed on the streets of Kerala as a part of Onam celebrations.
  2. It is performed to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as mridangam and ghatam.
  3. The main theme of this folk art is tiger hunting.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The literal meaning of Pulikkali is the ‘play of the tigers’ and hence, the performance revolves around the theme of tiger hunting.
  • It is a folk dance performed on the streets of Kerala during Onam celebrations.
  • The folk art form is performed to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to UMANG App:
  1. It is a common unified platform for the delivery of services of various Government Departments through the mobile platform.
  2. It was developed by the National e-Governance Division (NeGD), Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY).
  3. The app hosts services such as Digilocker and e-RaktKosh.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG), is a Government of India all-in-one single unified secure multi-channel, multi-platform, multi-lingual, multi-service freeware mobile app for accessing over 841 services through 127 department central and state government services in multiple Indian languages.
  • It is a common unified platform for the delivery of services of various Government Departments through the mobile platform.
  • It was developed by the National e-Governance Division (NeGD), Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY).
  • It hosts services such as digilocker, Parivahan Sewa – Vahan, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna, e-RaktKosh, Ayushman Bharat, etc.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Export Preparedness Index 2020:
  1. It is the first report to examine the export preparedness and performance of Indian states.
  2. It ranks states on Policy, Business Ecosystem, Export Ecosystem, and Export Performance.
  3. Coastal States are the best performers in EPI 2020.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q4. Greece is bordered by which of the following countries?
  1. Albania
  2. Bulgaria
  3. Macedonia
  4. Turkey
  5. Romania
  6. Serbia

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
  3. 1, 3 and 6 only
  4. 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Greece shares a land border with Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Turkey.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. What are the challenges posed by the growing global space industry? Discuss the various aspects that India needs to consider while formulating its space vision. (GS 3 Science and Technology) (15 Marks, 250 Words)
  2. The post COVID world would be more digitised than before. In this backdrop, India should make it a priority to ensure basic digital literacy and Internet connectivity for all the citizens. Elucidate. (15 Marks, 250 Words).

Read the previous CNA here.

27 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *