19 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 19 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and its stature in the modern world
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. The five-day work week might be fading away
ENVIRONMENT
1. India’s climate imperative
GOVERNANCE
1. Growth and welfare
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Minority status in India is State-dependent, says SC
2. Panel on MSP, natural farming set up
3. Russia said to seek Indian oil payments in UAE dirhams
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Panel on MSP, natural farming set up

  • The Centre has finally constituted a committee headed by a former Union Agriculture Secretary to look into the issues of minimum support price (MSP) for agricultural produce.
  • The Centre, while repealing the three farm laws, had promised that a committee would be set up to promote zero budget-based farming, change crop patterns in accordance with the changing needs of the country, and make the MSP more effective and transparent.
  • The committee consists of NITI Aayog Members, agricultural economists, representatives of the Central and State governments, members from farmer organisations, etc.

3. Russia said to seek Indian oil payments in UAE dirhams

  • Russia is seeking payment in United Arab Emirates dirhams for oil exports to some Indian customers as Russia tries to insulate itself from Western sanctions.
  • Russian oil major Rosneft is exporting crude through trading firms such as Everest Energy and Coral Energy into India which is currently Russia’s second-largest oil importer after China.
  • Russia replaced Saudi Arabia as the second largest oil supplier to India after Iraq for the second month in a row in June 2022.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to the foreign trips of civil servants 
and political officials in India: (Level – Difficult)
  1. The Cabinet Secretariat and the Ministry of External Affairs should be kept informed of the proposed foreign visit, only official and not private, of Chief Ministers and Ministers of State Governments/Union Territories.
  2. Since 2016, applications can be made for e-political clearance, on the portal epolclearance.gov.in.
  3. For union ministers, after getting political clearance from the MEA, additional clearance is needed from the Prime Minister, whether the trip is official or personal.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The Cabinet Secretariat and the Ministry of External Affairs should be kept informed of the proposed foreign visit, either official or private, of Chief Ministers and Ministers of State Governments/Union Territories. 
    • Prior political clearance and FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act) clearance are also mandatory.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Since 2016, applications can be made for e-political clearance, on the portal epolclearance.gov.in.
  • Statement 3 is correct,  For union ministers, after getting political clearance from the MEA, additional clearance is needed from the Prime Minister, whether the trip is official or personal. 
    • Lok Sabha MPs need clearance from the Speaker and Rajya Sabha members from the Chairperson of Rajya Sabha.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to the Indian President’s elections: 
(Level – Medium)
  1. The rule for securing 50 proposers and seconders was implemented by the ECI in 1974.
  2. An elector cannot propose or second the nomination of more than one candidate.
  3. The President’s election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting is by open ballot.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The candidate intending to contest the President’s election files the nomination with a signed list of 50 proposers and 50 seconders.
    • The rule for securing 50 proposers and seconders was implemented by the EC in 1974.
  • Statement 2 is correct, An elector cannot propose or second the nomination of more than one candidate.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, The President’s election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization: 
(Level – Medium)
  1. India acquired the observer status in the grouping in 2005 and was admitted as a full member in 2017.
  2. The SCO also has four observer states — Afghanistan, Iran, Belarus and Mongolia — of which Iran and Belarus are now moving towards full membership.
  3. The SCO Secretariat has two permanent bodies — the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti­ Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, India acquired the observer status of SCO in 2005 and was inducted as a full member in 2017.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The SCO currently also has four observer states — Afghanistan, Iran, Belarus and Mongolia. 
    • Iran and Belarus are now moving towards full membership.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The SCO secretariat has two permanent bodies — the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti­ Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regards to Monkeypox: (Level – Easy)
  1. Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe.
  2. Monkeypox virus infection has been detected in squirrels, Gambian poached rats, dormice, and some species of monkeys.
  3. The first human case was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Monkeypox is detected in various animal species such as rope squirrels, tree squirrels, Gambian pouched rats, dormice, non-human primates and other species. 
  • Statement 3 is correct, Monkeypox was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and had primarily occurred in central and west African countries during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox.
Q5. The term ‘West Texas Intermediate’ sometimes found in news, refers to a grade of 
(Level – Easy) PYQ (2020)
  1. Crude oil
  2. Bullion
  3. Rare earth elements
  4. Uranium
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is a specific grade of crude oil and one of the main three benchmarks in oil pricing, along with Brent and Dubai Crude.
  • WTI is known as a light sweet oil because it contains 0.24% sulfur, making it “sweet,” and has a low density, making it “light.” It is the underlying commodity of the New York Mercantile Exchange’s (NYMEX) oil futures contract and is considered a high-quality oil that is easily refined.

CNA 19 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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