13 May 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

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CNA 13 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. On the question of notifying minorities
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. With delimitation over, a look at the slate for J&K
F. Prelims Facts
1. Event Horizon reveals true colours of SgrA*
G. Tidbits
1. Retail inflation quickens to an almost eight-year high at 7.8%
2. Finland leaders in favour of seeking NATO membership
3. Ujjwala LPG scheme: 90-lakh beneficiaries don’t take refills
4. ‘GDP growth to be almost 8% this fiscal’
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. Retail inflation quickens to an almost eight-year high at 7.8%

Inflation in India Graph

Image source: The Hindu

  • Inflation faced by Indian consumers increased to an eight-year high of 7.8% in April 2022, from 6.95% in March 2022. 
  • The rural inflation increased to 8.4% with 7.1% in the urban areas.
  • Food costs led to an increase in inflation as measured by the Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) reaching 8.4% 
  • Experts believe that the increase in the global crude price has impacted food, fuel and light, and transport and communication prices in the CPI basket.

2. Finland leaders in favour of seeking NATO membership

  • Finland’s President and Prime Minister announced that the Nordic country must apply for membership in NATO immediately in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
  • Sweden is also expected to undertake similar actions.
  • These moves have gained prominence in the European security landscape as Sweden has avoided military alliances for over 200 years, while Finland has remained neutral post its defeat by the Soviets in World War II.
  • Considering that this expansion of NATO would surround Russia with NATO countries in the Baltic Sea and the Arctic, Russia warned the countries saying that it will be forced to take retaliatory military-technical actions to counter the threats to its national security.

3. Ujjwala LPG scheme: 90-lakh beneficiaries don’t take refills

  • According to a reply to an RTI application, it was seen that 90-lakh beneficiaries of the central government’s flagship scheme, Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), did not take refill gas cylinders and over one crore beneficiaries got their refills only once in the financial year 2021-22.
  • PMUY beneficiaries are said to have availed of 14.17 crores of free refills under the scheme, across the country.
  • Experts say that these figures should be looked at by considering the fact that during the COVID-19 pandemic, the government provided up to three free of cost LPG refills to PMUY beneficiaries between April and December 2020.
  • To read more about the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), check the linked article.

4. ‘GDP growth to be almost 8% this fiscal’

  • The Finance Ministry in its monthly economic review said that the capital expenditure driven fiscal stance of the Union Budget 2022-23 will help the economy overcome inflationary headwinds and register about 8% real growth in 2022-23.
  • Quoting the International Monetary Fund’s 8.2% forecast, the Ministry held that India would be the fastest growing economy in the financial year 2022-23.
  • The robust growth in the economy is reflected by the remarkable performance of e-way bill generation, toll collections, electricity consumption, PMI manufacturing and PMI services and the record GST collections for March 2022.
  • The Ministry also attributed the decline in the forex reserves to pressure from the outflow of foreign portfolio investments (FPI) due to tightened monetary stance of central banks in advanced economies.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. The Global COVID Virtual Summit has been hosted by whom? (Level – Easy)

  1. G20
  2. USA
  3. WHO
  4. EU
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • The Global COVID Virtual Summit has been hosted by the USA.
  • Hence option b is correct.
Q2. What is the significance of Lumbini? (Level – Difficult)
  1. Birthplace of Lord Gautama Buddha
  2. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  3. Site of the historic Mayadevi temple

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct, Lumbini is the birthplace of Gautama Buddha.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Lumbini has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Maya Devi Temple is an ancient Buddhist temple situated at Lumbini.
Q3. Which of the following statements are correct? (Level – Medium)
  1. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is headed by the Union Home Minister.
  2. It carries out immediate search & rescue and emergency relief operations following a disaster.
  3. It was established by the National Disaster Management Plan of 2019.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is headed by the Prime Minister of India.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, Its primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response. It is also the apex body to lay down policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure a timely and effective response to disasters.
    • National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) carries out immediate rescue and relief operations during natural disasters.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is a statutory body constituted in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
Q4. Which country has expressed interest to join NATO following Russia’s invasion of 
Ukraine? (Level – Easy)
  1. Poland
  2. Belarus
  3. Finland
  4. Turkey
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Finland’s President and Prime Minister announced that the Nordic country must apply for membership in NATO immediately in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
  • Hence option c is correct.
Q5. Consider the following pairs: (Level – Difficult) [UPSC 2019]
Sl. No. Sea Bordering Country
1. Adriatic Sea Albania
2. Black Sea Croatia
3. Caspian Sea Kazakhstan
4. Mediterranean Sea Morocco
5. Red Sea Syria

Which of the pair given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1, 2 and 4 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • The Adriatic Sea is bordered by countries such as Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, and Albania.
  • The Black Sea is located between Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. 
  • The Caspian Sea is bordered by Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
  • The Mediterranean Sea is bordered by 21 countries which include Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Montenegro, Morocco, Spain, Turkey, etc.
  • The Red Sea is bordered by 6 countries namely Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. How are minorities defined in India? What safeguards have been given to the minorities by the Indian Constitution? (250 words; 15 marks) (GS II – Polity)
  2. Assess the success and shortcomings of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. How far has the scheme been able to achieve its objectives? (250 words; 15 marks)(GS II – Governance)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 13 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

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