17 May 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 17th May 2021:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
GEOGRAPHY
1. Five killed as gale force winds, rain pummel Kerala, Karnataka
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. UNSC calls for end to violence in Gaza
2. Fighting resumes in southern Afghanistan
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Adoption issues to the fore as COVID-19 leaves many orphaned
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. It is getting from bad to worse for women workers
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Restructuring the tribunals system
F. Prelims Facts
1. Virus situation worsens among tribals
2. Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG)
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Fighting resumes in southern Afghanistan

Context:

Fighting between the Taliban and Afghan government forces resumed ending a three-day ceasefire agreed to mark Id-ul-Fitr.

This topic has been covered in the 11th May 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.

Background:

  • President Joe Biden has announced the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan by September 11 in his effort to end America’s longest war.
  • The deadline for Biden’s withdrawal is significant as September 11, 2021, is 20 years after the 9/11 terror attacks in New York, Washington, DC, and Pennsylvania that led the US to target Afghanistan.
  • Around 7,000 non-U.S. forces from mainly NATO countries, also from Australia, New Zealand and Georgia, outnumber the 2,500 U.S. troops in Afghanistan. They too have announced a withdrawal from Afghanistan in coordination with a U.S. pull-out.

This topic has been covered in the 15th April 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.
Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

1. Adoption issues to the fore as COVID-19 leaves many orphaned

Context:

The second wave of COVID-19 has left many children extremely vulnerable, particularly those who have been orphaned.

Details:

  • Only a district Child Welfare Committee could decide the future of children found orphaned in such circumstances.
  • The CWC would first make efforts to find members of the birth family and then make an assessment.

This issue has been covered in the 15th May 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.

Kinship care:

  • Children having faced crisis such as a loss of a family member or separation from their parents due to death and desertion experience high emotional trauma.
  • Experts have suggested that adoption for such children was neither the first nor the best option, and recommended kinship care as a more suitable alternative.
    • The intervention required in such situations is assistance and support for the prevention of family separation.
  • Where relatives are interested to help, they could follow the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956, or the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, to adopt or seek legal custody under the Guardianship and Wards Act, 1890.
  • It is suggested that the Ministry of Women and Child Development and all State departments concerned should immediately roll out a kinship care programme and make it part of foster care provisions under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.
  • State governments must make kinship care part of the child protection system such as Maharashtra’s Bal Sangopan Yojana, where the State grants educational support of ₹1,000 per month to families to look after orphaned children.

2. Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG)

  • The government had launched the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG), comprising 10 labs spread across India to ascertain the status of new variants of SARS-CoV-2 in the country.
  • It would monitor the genomic variations in the SARS-CoV-2 on a regular basis through a multi-laboratory network.
  • It has a high-level Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee.
  • Also, it has a Scientific Advisory Group for scientific and technical guidance.
  • The 10 identified laboratories of INSACOG Consortium report their sequencing results to the Central Surveillance unit of the National Centre for Diseases Control [NCDC] from where it is shared with the State Surveillance Units (SSUs) of Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) by the Central Surveillance Unit (CSU).

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

 Q 1:  Consider the following statements:
  1. India formally recognized Israel in 1992 when full diplomatic relations were established between India & Israel.
  2. No Indian Prime Minister has made an official visit to Israel.
  3. India has never voted in support of Israel at the UN or any of its committees.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. 1 & 2 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • India officially recognised the State of Israel on 17th September 1950, whereas full diplomatic ties were established only in 1992.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India visited Israel in 2017 at the invitation of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, marking the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
  • In 2019, India voted in support of Israel at the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
    • India voted in favour of Israel at ECOSOC to deny observer status to “Shahed”, a Palestinian Human Rights organization (a terrorist organization according to Israel) from securing an observer status at the United Nations.
Q 2: Which of the following is/are weapons India has purchased from Israel?
  1. Heron
  2. SPYDER
  3. Chinook
  4. Python

Select the correct option from below:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 1 & 3 only
  3. 1, 2 & 3 only
  4. 1, 2 & 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • India has purchased Heron, SPYDER and Python from Israel.
  • Heron is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial system (UAS) for strategic and tactical missions developed by Israel Aerospace Industries.
  • The SPYDER (Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby) is an Israeli short and medium range mobile air defence system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.
  • Python refers to a family of missiles developed by Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.
  • The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engine, tandem rotor, heavy-lift helicopter.
Q 3: Consider the following statements:
  1. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is an advisory body of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
  2. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions.
  3. India has not ratified the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Only 3
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is an autonomous and statutory body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development set up in 1990.
  • It functions as the nodal body/central authority for the adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions.
  • India signed and ratified the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption in 2003.
Q 4: Consider the following statements:
  1. National Tribunals Commission (NTC) is an independent autonomous body responsible for oversight as well as administration of tribunals, constituted in 2019.
  2. The establishment of NTC was suggested by the Supreme Court in the Rojer Matthew case (2019).

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Centre is yet to constitute a National Tribunals Commission (NTC).
  • The idea of an NTC was first mooted in L. Chandra Kumar v. Union of India (1997).
  • It would be set up as an independent autonomous body responsible for oversight as well as administration of tribunals, also to oversee selection, appointment, salaries and service conditions of tribunal members.
Q5. Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation 
that supports a rich biodiversity? (UPSC 2016)
  1. Bhitarkanika National Park
  2. Keibul Lamjao National Park
  3. Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  4. Sultanpur National Park
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Keibul Lamjao National Park is located in Manipur.
  • The national park is characterized by a unique floating decomposed plant material locally called phumdi.
  • It is a floating national park with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the concerns associated with abolishing appellate tribunals and the need for establishing the National Tribunal Commission. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 2 Polity and Governance)
  2. The COVID-19 pandemic is having devastating social and economic consequences further exacerbating inequalities and creating new vulnerabilities for women. Comment. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 1 Social Issues)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 17th May 2021:- Download PDF Here

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