25 Dec 2021: PIB Summary & Analysis

1. Good Governance Index 2021
2. “The Healthy States, Progressive India”


1. Good Governance Index 2021

Important aspects of Governance, GS 2

Mains: Significance of Good Governance index in assessing holistic development of the country

Context: The Good Governance Index 2021 was launched on the 25th of December, which is observed as Good Governance Day every year.

• This index is prepared by the Department of Administration Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).
• The GGI 2021 assessed the performance of states and union territories by using ten sectors and 58 indicators.
• A citizen centric administration serves as the major objective of good governance and the GGI offers a proper understanding of the status of governance in the states and union territories.

Sectors of GGI 2020-21:

1. Agriculture and allied sectors
2. Commerce & Industries
3. Human Resource Development
4. Public Health
5. Public Infrastructure
6. Utilities
7. Economic Governance
8. Social welfare and development
9. Judicial and public security
10. Environment
11. Citizen-centric governance

GGI 2021: Important Observations

• The Good Governance Index scores of 20 states have improved over the period of time.
• Gujarat topped the composite ranking in the 58 indicator index and it was followed by Maharashtra and Goa.
• Betterment in the index score of about 8.9 % has been observed in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
• Delhi has topped among the Union Territories in the composite ranking category.
• Gujarat has determined progress in the sectors such as economic governance, human resource development, judiciary and public safety.

Image Source: PIB

2. “The Healthy States, Progressive India”

Issues related to health, Social Justice, GS 2

Mains: Significance of Health Index

Context: The NITI Aayog is all set to release the fourth edition of the Health Index titled The Healthy States, Progressive India, assessing the health outcomes in states and union territories.

Background:

• In 2017 the NITI Aayog in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the World Bank introduced an annual health index for tracking the overall performance of health across the country.
• The major aim is to track the progress on health outcomes and health systems performance and develop a healthy competitive environment among the states and union territories.

Significance:

• The health Index provides a robust mechanism to measure the health outcomes across the country and facilitates ways to improve the delivery of healthcare services.
• It has empowered the culture of data usage at the state/UT levels to monitor performance and it has contributed to the agenda of improving the quality, availability and timely data integration and collection which is validated and verified in a transparent manner. This is done by a portal that operates under NITI Aayog.