NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Civics Social Science Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Book Solutions Class 6 Social and Political Life – I Chapter 9

People in urban areas are either self-employed or work for someone. They earn their living in various ways. It is also seen that various people travel from rural to urban areas in search of work and a better life. A large portion of these workers are self-employed and work on streets selling goods, repairing items or providing a variety of services.  Meanwhile, Chapter 9 of CBSE Class 6 Civics talks about the livelihoods of people living in urban areas, the kind of jobs that they have, the positives of permanent jobs and the negatives associated with non-permanent jobs. These NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 “Urban Livelihoods” provided covers the exercises given at the end of the chapter in the book ‘Social and Political Life’.

Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics PDF below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics (Social and Political Life) Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods:- Download PDF Here

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods 1
NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 9- “Urban Livelihoods”

The solutions for chapter 9, Urban Livelihoods are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 6 for other subjects.

Questions Page No 84

1. Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk. Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation, and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line

Solution 1:

  1. Their living conditions are very poor – without any access to basic facilities like sanitation, drinking water.
  2. Due to lack of basic facilities, they will be prone to many diseases.
  3. As they live in poverty, they cannot access medical facilities.
  4. They do not have permanent jobs.
  5. They don’t have access to education and they will continue living in poverty.

2. Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Name Place of work Earnings Security of work Benefits received Work on their own or employed
Bachchu Manjhi Rs 100 a day
Harpreet, Vandana Work on their own
Nirmala No security
Sudha Company Rs 30,000 p.m.

Solution 2:

Name Place of work Earnings Security of work Benefits received Work on their own or employed
Bachchu Manjhi Rickshaw puller Rs 100 a day No security No benefits Work on their own
Harpreet, Vandana Garment showroom Good earnings Yes license to do business Growth in the business Work on their own
Nirmala Garment factory Rs 80 per day for 8 hours No security Rs 40 for extra Employed
Sudha Company Rs 30,000 p.m. Secured Paid leave, medical facilities, PF etc Employed

3. In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.

Solution 3:

Permanent job Casual job
Working hours Fixed variable
Job Security Secured Not secured
Payments Fixed Not fixed
Paid holidays and leaves Yes No
Extra benefits Yes No

4. What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Solution 4:

She will get the following benefits.

  1. Access to medical facilities for her and her family.
  2. Access to facilities like Provident Fund
  3. Her job is permanent and secured
  4. She will get off on Government holidays and Sundays.

Urban Livelihoods Summary

The NCERT Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 9 talks about the following topics:

  1. Working on the street
  2. In the market
  3. Businesspersons
  4. In the factory – workshop area
  5. In the office area

‘Social and Political Life’ is an important book for Class 6 Social Sciences subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science is given in the linked article.

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