NCERT Book Solutions Class 6 Social and Political Life – I Chapter 8
In most of the rural areas of the world, some part of the population earns their living via farming. At the same time, other common livelihoods that these populations survive on includes fishing, raising livestock and other non-farm activities. In Chapter 8 of CBSE Class 6 Civics, students can look at the different ways in which people earn their living in villages. This chapter talks about the livelihoods of people living in rural areas, the kind of jobs that they have, the problems associated with being landless farmers and reasons behind debt. We have also provided NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 “Rural Livelihoods” for the students to be most competent, when preparing for the exam.
Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics PDF below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics (Social and Political Life) Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods:- Download PDF Here
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8- “Rural Livelihoods”
The solutions for chapter 8, Rural Livelihoods are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 6 for other subjects.
Questions Page No 75
1.You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in a variety of non-farm work. List five of these.
The various farm activities are listed below.
- Making baskets and utensils.
2. List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who depend on farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?
Different types of people who depend on farming are given below.
- Landless farmers
- Small landowners
- Big landowners
Landless farmers are the poorest among them because their daily wage is very less and they have to depend on landowners for the farming job. Moreover farming is a seasonal job, hence during the non-farming season, they have to go in search of other low-income jobs. Whenever someone in the family falls ill, all their savings and earnings are lost.
3. Imagine you are a member of a fishing family and you are discussing whether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?
The bank is a reliable source for a loan when compared to moneylenders. Moneylenders often charge very high rates of interest, which could lead the family into a debt trap.
4. Poor rural labourers like Thulasi often do not have access to good medical facilities, good schools and other resources. You have read about inequality in the first unit of this text. The difference between her and Ramalingam is one of inequality. Do you think this is a fair situation? What do you think can be done? Discuss in class.
All are equal in the eyes of the constitution. It is the duty of the government to provide basic facilities.
5. What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.
- Provide subsidies for fertilizers and pesticides.
- Provide low-interest loans.
- Provide Minimum Support Price for crops.
6. Compare the situation of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out the following table:
|Shelling of Harvest|
|Other work is done by them|
|Land cultivated||Around 2 acres||Around 20 acres|
|Land Required||Not required||Required in large numbers|
|Loans Required||Yes for seeds and fertilisers||Yes for setting up for rice mills|
|Shelling of Harvest||Sell at low cost to lenders||Sell at a high cost to traders|
|Other work is done by them||Work as labourers in Ramalingam rice mills||Own rice mills and several shops|
Rural Livelihoods Summary
The NCERT Class 6 Social and Political Life Chapter 8 talks about the following topics:
- Kalpattu village
- Talks about Thulasi
- Life of Sekhar
- Debt – the reasons behind it
- Agricultural labourers and farmers in India
‘Social and Political Life’ is an important book for Class 6 Social Sciences subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science is given in the linked article.