NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 – Free PDF Download
*According to NCERT updated Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been removed.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 – Understanding Our Criminal Justice System are provided here for students to study and prepare well for their annual exams. When someone violates the law, we immediately think of informing the police. Owing to the role played by the police in arresting culprits, we often get confused and think that it is the police who decide whether a person is guilty or not. However, this is not true. After a person is arrested, it is a court of law that decides whether the accused person is guilty or not. Students will be able to understand it using NCERT Solutions offered at BYJU’S.
According to the Constitution, every individual charged with a crime has to be given a fair trial. What does it mean to get a fair trial? Have you heard of an FIR? Or do you know who a public prosecutor is? Students will get a clear idea of all these queries by referring to the solutions provided in this article. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System contains solutions to the exercises given in the Civics book – Social and Political Life. The solutions to this chapter have been prepared with utmost care for the students to grasp well. Students can download the NCERT Solutions PDF from the given links.
Refer to Chapter 6 of CBSE Class 8 Political Science to understand the concepts covered in this chapter. NCERT Solutions to the exercise questions provided by experts at BYJU’S will be useful to understand the type of questions asked in the annual examination as well as score good marks.
Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 PDF below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics (Social and Political Life) Chapter 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 – Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
1. In a town called Peace Land, the supporters of the Fiesta football team learn that the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the nearby city, about 40 km away, have damaged the ground on which the final match between both teams is to be held on the following day. A crowd of Fiesta fans armed with deadly weapons attacked the homes of the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the town. In the attack, 10 men were killed, 5 women were gravely hurt, many homes were destroyed, and over 50 people were injured.
Imagine that you and your classmates are now part of the criminal justice system. First, divide the class into the following four groups of persons:
1. Police 2. Public Prosecutor 3. Defence Lawyer 4. Judge
The column on the right provides a list of functions. Match these with the roles that are listed on the left. Have each group pick the functions that it needs to perform to bring justice to those who were affected by the violence of the Fiesta fans. In what order will these functions be performed?
|Police||Hear the witnesses
Record the statements of witnesses
Cross-examine the witnesses
Take photographs of burnt homes
Record the evidence
Arrest the Fiesta fans
Writes the judgment
Argue the case for the victims
Decide the number of years for which the accused will be put in jail
Examine the witnesses in court
Pass the judgment
Get the assaulted women medically examined
Conduct a fair trial
Meet the accused persons
Now, take the same situation but ask one student who supports the Fiesta Club to perform all the functions listed above. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not?
State two reasons why you believe that different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system.
|Police||Records the statements of witnesses
Takes photographs of burnt homes
Arrests the Fiesta fans
Gets the assaulted women medically examined
|Public Prosecutor||Cross examines the witnesses
Argues the case for the victims
|Defence Lawyer||Meets the accused persons
Examines the witnesses in court
|Judge||Hears the witnesses
Records the evidence
Writes the judgement
Decides for how many years the accused will be put in jail
Passes the judgement
Conducts a fair trial
The victim will not get justice if only one person performs all the functions of the criminal justice system because he could get influenced by various prejudices. Separation of power is necessary within a judicial system, too, since absolute power can lead to unfairness.
Two reasons why different people need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system are as follows:
- All the aspects of trial and investigation cannot be conducted by a single person, as it entails a diverse range of work, including arresting, recording the statements of witnesses, defending the victim and accused parties, passing a fair trial and judicially correct judgement.
- If all the powers are vested in one person alone, they might be misused and thereby violate the laws based on justice and equal decision.
A single ideology may not be the right one, as it can affect the trial and the result of the case.
Chapter 6 – Understanding Our Criminal Justice System Summary
According to the Constitution, every individual charged with a crime has to be given a fair trial. This chapter gives a fictional case of theft to highlight the process and role of different individuals in the criminal justice system.
You will learn about the following in this chapter:
- Article 22 of the Constitution and Criminal Law states the fundamental rights of an arrested person.
- The Role of the Police in Investigating a Crime. The Supreme Court of India has laid down specific requirements and procedures that the police and other agencies have to follow for the arrest, detention and interrogation of any person. They are known as the D.K. Basu Guidelines.
- First Information Report (FIR). It is with the registration of an FIR that the police can begin their investigations into a crime. The law states that it is compulsory for an officer in charge of a police station to register an FIR whenever a person gives information about a cognisable offence. This information can be given to the police either orally or in writing.
- Role of a Public Prosecutor. The role of the prosecutor begins once the police have conducted the investigation and filed the charge sheet in court. The prosecutor has no role to play in the investigation.
- The Role of the Judge. The judge conducts the trial impartially and in an open court. He sends the person to jail or imposes a fine or both, depending on what the law prescribes.
‘Resources and Development’ is an important book for Class 8 Social Science subject. Apart from Chapter 6, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science is provided in the links above. The solutions prepared are more informative and accurate based on the solutions in the NCERT textbook. Students should practise on a daily basis to secure good marks in their academics and achieve their goals.