NCERT Book Solutions Class 8 Social and Political Life – III Chapter 7
According to a newspaper report in April 2019, there was rising anxiety among Muslims, who formed 14% of India’s population but barely constitute 4% of its parliament. When a group of people or communities are excluded from the majority because of their language, customs or religion, it is called Marginalisation. In India, you can take the example of Dalits or Muslims who are considered minority communities. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation consist of the solutions to the exercises given in Chapter 7 of the book CBSE Class 8 Social and Political Life-III. NCERT Solutions to the exercises provided here are easy to understand and are accurate.
Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics PDF below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics (Social and Political Life) Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 7 – Understanding Marginalisation
1. Write in your own words two or more sentences of what you understand by the word ‘marginalisation’ .
Answer A social process of being confined to lower social standing is marginalisation. It involves people being denied their fundamental rights that results in lowering their social and economical status. It is a situation when a particular social group is forced to live on the fringes rather than in the mainstream. A marginalized section of the society does not get proper opportunity of socio-economic development.
2. List two reasons why Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalised.
Answer Adivasis are being increasingly marginalised for the following two reasons:
- Changes in forest laws have deprived the Adivasis of access to forest produce.
- Construction of factories and other projects in tribal areas has forced many tribal people to migrate to other places in search of a livelihood.
3. Write one reason why you think the Constitution’s safeguards to protect minority communities are very important?
Answer The safeguards to protect minority communities are necessary, because the majority community may culturally dominate the minority communities and the minority communities might become marginalised.
4. Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalisation. What do you understand by the term minority?
Answer Minority is the community that is numerically small in relation to the rest of the population. A particular religious section, which has a low percentage in population compared to the major religious community is called a minority.
The constitution of India provides safeguards to linguistical and religious minorities, as a part of its fundamental rights and ensures that minorities do not face any disadvantage or discrimination. In India; Christians, Sikhs, Muslims, etc. are included as a minority.
5. You are participating in a debate where you have to provide reasons to support the following statement: ‘Muslims are a marginalised community’. Using the data provided in this chapter, list two reasons that you would give.
Answer As per the data provided in the chapter, the literacy rate of muslim population in India is only 59% which is the lowest compared to 65% among Hindus, 70% among Sikhs, 73% among Buddhists, 80% among Christians, and 94% among Jains.
Also, only 3% of muslims represent the esteemed Indian Administrative Service Cadre.
The above stats support that muslims are a marginalised community in India.
6. Imagine that you are watching the Republic Day parade on TV with a friend and she remarks, “Look at these tribal people. They look so exotic. And they seem to be dancing all the time”. List three things that you would tell her about the lives of Adivasis in India.
Answer Adivasis have a deep knowledge of forests. They were hunters and gatherers and lived like nomads. They practised shifting agriculture and have also cultivated at a single place. Their deep knowledge of forest made them indispensable to the rulers of various empires during the pre-colonial period in india. They have their own language and have influenced the formation of various Indian languages, bengali being one of them.
7. In the storyboard you read about how Helen hopes to make a movie on the Adivasi story. Can you help her by developing a short story on Adivasis?
Answer Students have to do this by themselves.
8. Would you agree with the statement that economic marginalisation and social marginalisation are interlinked? Why?
Answer Social marginalisation and economic marginalisation are interlinked. Social marginalization forces a social group out of the mainstream, resulting in lack of opportunities for skill development and education. This means that the people from marginalized sections will not have proper access to quality healthcare, which in turn means that a child from the marginalized section does not develop into an financially stable adult, who otherwise is capable enough to ensure a better income. Thus, the individual who is left behind in socio-economic development, also become economically marginalized.
Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation Summary
To be marginalised, is to be forced to occupy the sides or fringes and thus not be at the centre of things. Various groups of people or communities may have the experience of being excluded. Their marginalisation can be because they follow different customs or speak a different language, belong to a different religious group. They may also feel marginalised because they are poor, considered to be of ‘low’ social status. Sometimes, marginalised groups are viewed with hostility and fear. This sense of difference and exclusion leads to communities not having access to resources and opportunities and in their inability to assert their rights. Marginalisation is seldom experienced in one sphere. Economic, social, cultural and political factors work together to make certain groups in a society feel marginalised.
You will learn about two communities in India that are considered to be socially marginalised today. You will also learn about Adivasis, stereotyping and development of adivasis, interconnectedness between the economic and social dimensions of tribal life, the minorities and marginalisation, the socio-economic status of the Muslim community and how different groups have confronted marginalisation.
‘Resources and Development’ is an important book for Class 8 Social Sciences subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science is given in the linked article.