## RD Sharma Solutions Class 8 Chapter 9 Exercise 9.4

Q1) Four-fifth of a number is more than three-fourths of the number by 4. Find the number.

Soln:

Let us suppose the number be x.

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{4}{3}x – \frac{3}{4}x\) = 4
- Â \(\frac{16x – 15x}{20}\) = 4
- Â x = 80 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Use cross multiplication method]

Therefore, the required number is 80.

Q2) The difference between the squares of two consecutive numbers is 31. Find the numbers.

Soln:

Let us suppose the numbers be x and x + 1.

Acc to the question,

- (x + 1)
^{2}â€“ x^{2}= 31 - Â x
^{2}+ 2x + 1 â€“ x^{2}Â = 31 - 2x = 31 â€“ 1
- Â x = \(\frac{30}{2}\)
- Â x = 15

Therefore, the numbers are 15 and 16.

Q3) Find a number whose double is 45 greater than its half.

Soln:

Let us suppose the number be x.

Acc to the question,

- 2x = \(\frac{1}{2} x\) + 45
- 2x â€“ \(\frac{1}{2} x\) = 45
- \(\frac{4x – x}{2}\) = 45
- Â 3x = 90 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [use cross multiplication]
- Â x = \(\frac{90}{3}\)
- x = 30

Therefore, the number is 30.

Q4) Find a number such that when 5 is subtracted from 5 times the number, the result is 4 more than twice the number.

Soln:

Let us suppose the number be x.

Acc to the question,

- 5x â€“ 5 = 2x + 4
- 5x â€“ 2x = 4 + 5
- 3x = 9
- x = \(\frac{9}{3}\)
- x = 3

Therefore, the number is 3.

Q5) A number whose fifth part increased by 5 is equal to its fourth part diminished by 5. Find the number.

Soln:

Let us suppose the number be x.

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{x}{5}\) + 5 = \(\frac{x}{4}\) â€“ 5
- \(\frac{x}{5}\) â€“ \(\frac{x}{4}\) = â€“ 5 â€“ 5
- \(\frac{4x â€“ 5x}{20}\) = â€“10
- Â â€“x = â€“200 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Use cross multiplication]
- Â x = 200

Therefore, the number is 200.

Q6) A number consists of two digits whose sum is 9. If 27 is subtracted from the number, its digits are reversed. Find the number.

Soln:

Let us suppose the units digit be x.

Acc to the problem,

As, Sum of 2 digits = 9

- \(Therefore,\) Tens digit = (9 â€“ x)
- \(Therefore,\) Original number = \(10\times (9 – x) + x\)

Reversed number = 10x + (9 â€“ x)

Acc to the question,

- \(10\times (9 – x) + x\) â€“ 27 = 10x + (9 â€“ x)
- Â 90 â€“ 10x + x â€“ 27 = 10x + 9 â€“ x
- Â 9x + 9x = 90 â€“ 27 â€“ 9
- 18x = 54
- Â x = \(\frac{54}{18}\) = 3

Now the number is = \(10\times (9 – 3) + 3\) = 63

Q7) Divide 184 into two parts such that one-third of one part may exceed one-seventh of another part by 8.

Soln:

Let us suppose the first part of 184 be x.

Therefore, the other part will be (184 â€“ x).

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{1}{3}x – \frac{1}{7}(184 – x) = 8\)
- \(\frac{7x – 552 + 3x}{21}\)
- 10x â€“ 552 = 168 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [use cross multiplication]
- Â 10x = 168 + 552
- Â 10x = 720
- Â x = \(\frac{720}{10}\) = 72

Therefore, the parts of 184 are 72 & 112 (184 â€“ 72 = 112).

Q8) The numerator of a fraction is 6 less than the denominator. If 3 is added to the numerator, the fraction is equal to \(\frac{2}{3}\). What is the original fraction equal to?

Soln:

Let us suppose the denominator of the fraction be x.

Therefore, the numerator will be (x â€“ 6).

Fraction = \(\frac{x – 6}{x}\)

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{x â€“ 6 + 3}{x}\) = \(\frac{2}{3}\)
- \(\frac{x – 3}{x}\) = \(\frac{2}{3}\)
- Â 3x â€“ 9 = 2xÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Use cross multiplication]
- Â 3x â€“ 2x = 9
- Â x = 9

Therefore, the original fraction = \(\frac{9 – 6}{9}\) = \(\frac{1}{3}\)

Q9) A sum of Rs 800 is in the form of denominations of Rs 10 and Rs 20. If the total number of notes be 50, find the number of notes of each type.

Soln:

Let us suppose the number of Rs 10 notes be x.

Therefore, the number of Rs 20 notes will be (50 â€“ x).

- The value of Rs 10 notes = 10x
- The value of Rs 20 notes = 20 (50 â€“ x),
- 10x + 20(50 â€“ x) = 800 (Acc to the question,)
- Â 10x + 1000 â€“ 20x = 800
- Â 10x = 1000 â€“ 800
- Â x = \(\frac{200}{10}\) = 20

Therefore, No. of Rs 10 notes = 20

No. of Rs 20 notes = (50 â€“ 20) = 30.

Q10) Seeta Devi has Rs 9 in fifty-paise and twenty five-paise coins. She has twice as many twenty-five paise coins as she has fifty-paise coins. How many coins of each kind does she have?

Soln:

Let us suppose the number of 50 paise coins be x.

Therefore, the number of 25 paise coins will be 2x.

The value of 50 paise coins = Rs. 0.5x

The value of 25 paise coins = Rs. 0.25 \(\times\) 2x

Acc to the question,

- 0.5x+0.25 \(\times\) 2x = 9
- x = 9

\(Therefore,\) Number of fifty paise coins = 9

- No. of twenty five paise coins = 2 \(\times\) 9 = 18
- The total no. of coins = 9 + 18 = 27.

Q11) Sunita is twice as old as Ashima. If six years is subtracted from Ashima’s age and four years added to Sunita’s age, then Sunita will be four times Ashima’s age. How old were they two years ago?

Soln:

Let us suppose the age of Ashima be x years.

Thus, the age of Sunita will be 2x years.

Acc to the question,

- 4(x â€“ 6) = 2x + 4
- Â 4x â€“ 24 = 2x + 4
- Â 4x â€“ 2x = 4 + 24
- Â 2x = 28
- Â x = 14

\(Therefore,\) Age of Ashima = 14 years.

Age of Sunita = 2 \(\times\) 14 = 28 years.

Q12) The ages of Sonu and Monti are in the ratio 7 : 5. Ten years hence, the ratio of their ages will be 9:7. Find their present ages.

Soln:

It is given that the ratio of the ages of Sonu and Monu is 7 : 5.

Let the present ages of Sonu and Monu be 7x and 5x years.

After ten years:

The age of Sonu = 7x + 10 years

The age of Monu = 5x + 10 years

Acc to the question,

- Â 49x + 70 = 45x + 90
- 49x â€“ 45x = 90 â€“ 70
- Â 4x = 20
- Â x = 5

\(Therefore,\)TheÂ Present age of Sonu = 7 \(\times\) 5 = 35 years.

The present age of Monu = 5 \(\times\) 5 = 25 years.

Q13) Five years ago a man was seven times as old as his son. Five years hence, the father will be three times as old as his son. Find their present ages.

Soln:

5 years ago:

Let us suppose the age of the son be x years.

Thus, the age of the father will be 7x years.

\(Therefore,\) Present age of the son = (x + 5) years

The present age of the father = (7x + 5) years

After 5 years:

The age of the son = (x + 5 + 5) = (x + 10) years

The age of the father = (7x + 5 + 5) = (7x + 10) years

Acc to the question, 7x + 10 = 3 (x + 10)

- Â 7x â€“ 3x = 30 â€“ 10
- Â 4x = 20
- Â x = 5

\(Therefore,\) Present age of the son = (5 + 5) = 10 years.

The present age of the father = (7 \(\times\) 5 + 5) = 40 years.

Q14) I am currently 5 times as old as my son. In 6 years time, I will be three times as old as he will be then. What are our ages now?

Soln:

Let us suppose the age of my son be x years.

Therefore, my age will be 5x years.

After six years:

Age of my son = (x + 6) years

My age = (5x + 6) years

Acc to the question,

- 5x + 6 = 3 (x + 6)
- Â 5x â€“ 3x = 18 â€“ 6
- Â 2x = 12
- Â x = 6

\(Therefore,\) Age of my son = 6 years.

My age = 5 \(\times\) 6 = 30 years.

Q15) I have Rs 1000 in ten and five rupee notes. If the number of ten rupee notes that I have is ten more than the number of five rupee notes, how many notes do I have in each denomination?

Soln:

Let us suppose the number of five – rupee notes be x.

Therefore, the number of ten- rupee notes will be (x +10).

Now,

Value of five – rupee notes = Rs. 5x

Value of ten – rupee notes = Rs. 10 (x + 10)

Acc to the question,

- 5x + 10 (x + 10) = 1000
- Â 15x = 1000 â€“ 100
- Â x = \(\frac{900}{15}\) = 60

\(Therefore,\) Number of five – rupee notes = 60.

No. of ten – rupee notes = 60 + 10 = 70.

Q16) At a party, colas, squash and fruit juice were offered to guests. A fourth of the guests drank colas, a third drank squash, two-fifths drank fruit juice and just three did not drink anything. How many guests were in all?

Soln:

Let us suppose the total number of guests be x.

Thus, the no. of guests, who drank colas, would be \(\frac{1}{4}\)x.

The no. of guests, who drank squash, would be \(\frac{1}{3}\)x.

The no. of guests, who drank fruit juice, would be \(\frac{2}{5}\)x.

The no. of guests, who did not drink, would be 3.

Acc to the question,

- \(x – (\frac{x}{4} + \frac{x}{3} + \frac{2x}{5})\) = 3
- Â \(\frac{60x – 15x – 20x – 24x}{60}\) = 3
- Â x = 180

Therefore, total no. of guests = 180.

Q17) There are 180 multiple choice questions in a test. If a candidate gets 4 marks for every correct answer and for every unattempted or wrongly answered question one mark is deducted from the total score of correct answers. If a candidate scored 450 marks in the test, how many questions did he answer correctly?

Soln:

Let us consider the number of correctly answered questions be x.

Thus, the number of unattempted or wrongly answered questions will be (180 â€“ x).

Acc to the question,

- 4x â€“ 1 (180 â€“ 1) = 450
- Â 5x = 450 + 180
- Â x = \(\frac{630}{5}\) = 126

Therefore, no. of correctly answered questions = 126.

No. of unattempted/wrongly answered questions = 180 â€“ 126 = 54.

Q18) A labourer is engaged for 20 days on the condition that he will receive Rs 60 for each day, he works and he will be fined Rs 5 for each day, he is absent. If he receives Rs 745 in all, for how many days he remained absent?

Soln:

Let us consider the no. of days for which the labourer is absent be x.

Thus, the no. of days for which he is present would be (20 â€” x).

Now the Earnings will be= Rs. 60 (20 â€“ x)

and Fine = Rs. 5x

So, acc to the question,

- 60(20 â€“ x) â€“ 5x = 745
- Â 1200 â€“ 60x â€“ 5x = 745
- Â 65x = 1200 â€” 74
- Â x = \(\frac{455}{65}\) = 7

Therefore, the labourer was absent for 7 days.

Q19) Ravish has three boxes whose total weight is 60\(\frac{1}{2}\) kg. Box B weighs 3\(\frac{1}{2}\) kg more than box A and box C weighs 5\(\frac{1}{2}\) kg more than box B. Find the weight of box A.

Soln:

Let the weight of box A be x kg.

Thus, the weights of box B and box C will be \((x + 3\frac{1}{2})\) and \((x + 3\frac{1}{2} + 5\frac{1}{3})\) kg, respectively.

Acc to the question,

- \(x + (x + 3\frac{1}{2}) + (x + 3\frac{1}{2} + 5\frac{1}{3})\)
- Â \(3x = \frac{121}{2} – \frac{7}{2} – \frac{7}{2} – \frac{16}{3}\)
- \(3x = \frac{363 – 21 -21 – 32}{6}\)
- Â \(3x = \frac{289}{6}\)
- Â \(3x = \frac{289}{18}\)

Therefore, weight of box A = \(\frac{289}{18}\) kg.

Q20) The numerator of a rational number is 3 less than the denominator. If the denominator is increased by 5 and the numerator by 2, we get the rational number \(\frac{1}{2}\). Find the rational number.

Soln:

Let us consider the denominator of the rational number be x.

\(Therefore,\) The numerator of the rational number will be x â€“ 3.

\(Therefore,\) The rational number = \(\frac{x – 3}{x}\)

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{x – 3 + 2}{x + 5}\) = \(\frac{1}{2}\)
- Â \(\frac{x – 1}{x + 5}\) = \(\frac{1}{2}\)
- Â 2x â€“ 2 = x + 5
- Â 2x â€“ x = 5 + 2
- Â x = 7

\(Therefore,\) The rational number = \(\frac{7 – 3}{7}\) = \(\frac{4}{7}\)

Q21) In a rational number, twice the numerator is 2 more than the denominator. If 3 is added to each, the numerator and the denominator, the new fraction is \(\frac{2}{3}\). Find the original number.

Soln:

Let us consider the denominator be x.

\(Therefore,\) The numerator = \(\frac{x + 2}{2}\)

\(Therefore,\) The rational number = \(\frac{x + 2}{2x}\)

Acc to the question,

- \(\frac{\frac{x + 2}{2} + 3}{x + 3} = \frac{2}{3}\)
- Â \(\frac{x + 2 + 6}{2(x + 3)} = \frac{2}{3}\)
- Â \(\frac{x + 8}{2x + 6} = \frac{2}{3}\)
- Â 3x + 24 = 4x + 12
- Â x = 24 â€“ 12
- Â x = 12

\(Therefore\) The rational number = 12.

Q22. The distance between two stations is 340 km. Two trains start simultaneously from these stations on parallel tracks to cross each other. The speed of one of them is greater than that of the other by 5 km/hr. If the distance between the two trains after 2 hours of their start is 30 km, find the speed of each train.

Soln:

Let us consider the speed of the first train be x km/h.

So, the speed of the other train will be (x + 5) km/h.

Two hours after they started:

The distance of the first train from the starting point = 2x km

The distance of the other train from the starting point = 2 (x + 5) km

So, 2(x + 5) + 2x + 30 = 340

- Â 4x + 10 + 30 = 340
- Â 4x = 340 â€“ 40
- Â x = \(\frac{300}{4}\) = 75

\(Therefore, \) Speed of the first train = 75 km/h

The speed of the other train = (75 + 5) = 80 km/h

Q23) A steamer goes downstream from one point to another in 9 hours. It covers the same distance upstream in 10 hours. If the speed of the stream be 1 km/hr, find the speed of the steamer in still water and the distance between the ports.

Soln: The speed of the stream is 1 km/h. (Given)

Let us consider the speed of the steamer in still water be x km/h

\(Therefore,\) Downstream speed = (x + 1) km/h

Upstream speed = (x â€“ 1) km/h

The downstream & upstream distances are same;

So, we get:

- 9(x + 1) = 10(x â€“ 1)
- 9x + 9 = 10x â€“ 10
- Â x = 19

\(Therefore,\) Speed of the steamer in still water will be= 19 km/h.

The distance between the two ports = 9 (19 + 1) = 180 km.

Q24) Bhagwanti inherited Rs 12000.00. She invested part of it at 10% and the rest at 12%. Her annual income from these investments is Rs 1280.00. How much did she invest at each rate?

Soln:

let the investment by Bhagwanti be Rs. x, at the rate of 10%.

So, the investment will be Rs. (12000 â€“ x),Â at the rate of 12%.

Her annual income = x \(\times\) 10%, at the rate of 10%

Her annual income = (12000 â€“ x) \(\times\) 12%, at the rate of 12%.

Therefore,

- x \(\times\) 0.1 + 0.12 (12000 â€“ x) = 1280
- 0.l x â€“ 0.12x = 1280 â€“ 1440
- 0.02 x = 160
- Â x = 8000 Rs

Therefore, at the rate of 10%, Bhagwanti invested Rs. 8000.

and

at the rate of 12%, Bhagwanti invested Rs. 4000(12000 â€“ 8000).

Q25) The length of a rectangle exceeds its breadth by 9 cm. If length and breadth are each increased by 3 cm, the area of the new rectangle will be 84 cm^{2} more than that of the given rectangle. Find the length and breadth of the given rectangle.

Soln:

Let us consider the breadth of the rectangle be x cm.

Thus, the length of the rectangle will be (x + 9) cm.

So, Area of the rectangle = x (x + 9) cm^{2}.

and If the length and breadth are increased by 3 cm each,

then the area = (x + 3) (x + 9 + 3) cm^{2}.

As,

- (x + 3) (x + 12) â€“ x (x + 9) = 84
- x
^{2}+ 15x + 36 â€“ x^{2}â€“ 9x = 84 - 6x = 84 â€“ 36
- x = \(\frac{48}{6}\) = 8.

Therefore, the breadth of the rectangle = 8 cm.

So, Length of the rectangle = (8 + 9) = 17 cm.

Q26) The sum of the ages of Anup and his father is 100. When Anup is as old as his father now, he will be five times as old as his son Anuj is now. Anuj will be eight years older than Anup is now, when Anup is as old as his father. What are their ages now?

Soln:

Let us consider Anupâ€™s age be x years.

Thus, his fatherâ€™s age will be (100 â€“ x) years.

When he is as old as his father after (100 â€“ 2x) years,

Now Anujâ€™s age will beÂ = \((\frac{100 – x}{5} + 100 – 2x)\) years = \(\frac{600 – 11x}{5}\) yrs.

Now again, when Anup will be old as his father,

Anujâ€™s age = x + 8.

Now,

- \(\frac{600 – 11x}{5}\) = x + 8
- 600 â€“ 11x = 5x + 40
- 16x = 560
- x = 35.

Therefore, Anujâ€™s age = 35 years

Anujâ€™s fatherâ€™s age is = 100 â€“ x = 100 â€“ 35 = 65 years

Anujâ€™s ageÂ will be = x + 8 = 35 + 8 = 43 years

Q27) A lady went shopping and spent half of what she had on buying hankies and gave a rupee to a begger waiting outside the shop. She spent half of what was left of a lunch and followed that up with a two rupee tip. She spent half of the remaining amount on a book and three rupees on bus fare. When she reached home, she found that she had exactly one rupee left. How much money did she start with?

Soln:

Let us suppose, the lady started with Rs. x

The money spent on shopping = \(\frac{x}{2}\) rupees

The remaining amount = x â€“ \(\frac{x}{2}\) = \(\frac{x}{2}\) rupees

And the money spent on lunch = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (\(\frac{x}{2}\) â€“ 1) rupees

So, after giving a 2 â€“ rupee tip she had = \(\frac{1}{2} \;(\frac{x}{2} – 1) – 2 = \frac{x – 2 – 8}{4} = \frac{x- 10}{4}\) rupees

The money spent on the book = \(\frac{1}{2} \;(\frac{x – 10}{4})\) rupees

Now, after spending 3 rupees on bus fare she had = \(\frac{1}{2} \;(\frac{x – 10}{4}) – 3 = \frac{x – 10 – 24}{8} = \frac{x- 34}{8}\) rupees

Then,

- \(\frac{x – 34}{8}\) = 1
- x â€“ 34 = 8
- x = 42

Thus, she started with 42 rupees.