Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, is located near Ooty in Tamil Nadu. The National Park shares its borders with the neighbouring states of Kerala and Karnataka. It’s a component of the Nilgiri Reserve. Additionally, it is also a part of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Park.

This article will discuss Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in the context of the IAS Exam.

The candidates can go through the relevant topics useful for their upcoming exams from the links provided below:

Ranthambore National Park

Bhitarkanika National Park

Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

Kanha National Park

Corbett National Park

Tiger Conservation in India

About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is one of the protected areas brought under Project Tiger during 2007.
  • This tiger reserve is extending over 321 square kilometres, it’s a haven of endemic flora and fauna, that is, flora and fauna found in a specific geographical place and nowhere else.
  • This patch of land became a natural ecological paradise over 65 million years ago when the Western Ghats was first formed; hence, it was named Mudumalai, which means “ancient hill range”.
  • It supports an area good for breeding of tigers and also acts as a good corridor for elephants from the Western Ghats to the Eastern Ghats and vice versa.
  • This area forms a part of the designated elephant corridor, which connects Moyar and Sathyamangalam.
  • This area is also a part of the Western Ghats, which is a global bio-diversity hotspot renowned for its flora and fauna and for the phenomenon of endemism.

Flora and Fauna

  • The place is home to over 100 tigers and over 260 species of birds. About 8% of all species of birds found in India are seen here.
  • Rare birds like Malabar Gray Hornbill and Malabar Laughing Thrush are some of them.
  • Even endangered species of birds such as the Long-billed Vulture and White-rumped Vulture are sighted here.
  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is also home to elephants, spotted deer, wild boar, porcupine, panthers, and so on. One can also find rare species of plants such as giant bamboo and valuable timber trees, such as rosewood, teak, etc.
  • Its beauty is further enhanced by the Mayor river meandering around it. On many occasions, tigers and other animals are sighted bathing in this river.

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Project Elephant

  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Core) is not only a critical part of the 5500 square kilometres of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve but also forms an integral part of the Nilgiris Elephant Reserve under the Project Elephant.
  • The area has very rich Faunal and Floral diversity.
  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Core) is situated at the tri-junction of three States namely, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala, juxtaposed with contiguous forests all around.

Read about Project RE-HAB [Reducing Elephant Human Attacks using Bees] from the linked article.

Additional Details

  • The place has moderate weather; it gets hot in the summer months and cold during the winter.
  • The forest officials, government officials, and locals coordinate and work together to protect the sanctuary and the animals inhabiting the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve.


Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, including Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, Bandipur National Park in Karnataka, and Silent Valley. As a result, a rejuvenation centre for captive elephants was recently opened inside the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR).

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Frequently Asked Questions about Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

  1. Where is the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve located?

It is located near Ooty, in Nilgiri, in Tamil Nadu. It’s in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu, at the intersection of three states: Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

  1. What are the Tall grasses in the Mudumalai Reserve known as?

Elephant grass

  1. What is the meaning of “Mudumalai”?

It means “ancient hill range”.

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Daily Video Analysis – The Hindu Newspaper

UPSC Eligibility Criteria

Current Affairs Quiz

Gist of Kurukshetra

Environment Questions & Answers for UPSC

Environment And Ecology Notes For UPSC

UPSC MCQs on Environment

Success Rate Of Different Optional Subjects In UPSC Mains

List of Optional Subjects in IAS Mains

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