Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTN): Notes for UPSC

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) is a scheme created in the light of a non-plan scheme namely – Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA). The system includes a nationwide online tracking system by integrating more than 14,000 police stations across the country. The project is being implemented by the National Crime Records Bureau.

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Background of CCTNS

Criminal tracking systems had not (and still haven’t) changed much since the days of the British Rule in India. Most of the work is done manually despite advances in technology. The problem is compounded further with police stations across the country having gaps in technology, while some have state of the art systems, others don’t. Even the ones with advanced technology cannot handle the sheer volume of criminal cases.

This problem was further magnified following the catastrophic attacks of 26/11, there were growing calls for a system that tracked and reported criminal and well as anti-state elements. The idea was first proposed by P. Chidambaram, who served as the home minister then. The scheme was approved by the cabinet and allocated a fund of Rs, 2000 cr, with the pilot phase being launched in 2013 by the home ministry.

How will CCTNS be implemented?

The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network will be implemented through integration of all criminal data and records into a Core Application Software (CAS). Developed by Wipro, the CAS is itself being installed in police precincts across the all the 28 states and 9 union territories of India. The implementation of this software will integrate different software and platforms used by these states under a unilateral platform that will track criminals across the nation at ease. The CCTN project will also involve the training of police technology in using the latest technology. It also fulfills the additional objective of strengthening e-governance across the states.

  • The Project will interconnect about 15000 Police Stations and additional 5000 offices of supervisory police officers across the country
  • It will digitize data related to FIR registration, investigation and charge sheets in all police stations.
  • It would help in developing a national database of crime and criminals
  • The full implementation of the project with all the new components would lead to a Central citizen portal having linkages with State level citizen portals that will provide a number of citizen friendly services.
  • The total outlay for the project is 2000 crore rupees, and also includes Operation and Maintenance phase for additional five years up to March 2022.

CCTN – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

What are the objectives of the Crime and Criminal Tracking network & systems?

The objectives of CCTN are as follows

  • To facilitate a citizen friendly functioning of the police.
  • Automating the functioning of police stations for greater accountability and transparency.
  • To Advance delivery of people-centric services through effective usage of Information and Communications Technology (ICT).
  • To Enhance the functioning of the police in several other zones such as Law and Order, Traffic Management, etc.
  • To Enable sharing of information and interaction among police stations, districts, State and Union Territories’ headquarters and other police agencies.
  • To Support senior police officers in the enhanced management of Indian Police Force.
  • Maintain the appropriate track of the development of cases, including in Courts.
  • Decrease manual and redundant records keeping.

Relevant Questions regarding CCTN

Is the CCTN initiative the first of its kind or were there similar schemes before?

Several initiatives have been introduced in the past to make use of technology in police functioning. Some of these initiatives include centrally initiated programs such as the CCIS (Crime and Criminals Information System) and CIPA (Common Integrated Police Application) and State-led initiatives such as e-COPS in Andhra Pradesh, Police IT (in Karnataka), but limited funding and the prospect of overhauling the entire police network was a daunting task with few takers

Who are the stakeholders of the scheme?

The CCTN impacts the following stakeholders:

  • Citizens/ Citizens groups
  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)/National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
  • State Police department
  • External Departments of the State such as Courts, Passport Office, Transport Department, Hospitals etc.
  • Non-Government/Private sector organizations

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