Difference between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration

Difference between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration is explained here in detail.

The Census Commission of India defines Metropolitan city as those Indian cities having a population of more than 4 million

As per Census of India 2011, an Urban Agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs) or two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of such towns. 

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Difference between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration :- Download PDF Here

Difference between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration

The major differences between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration in India are:

Metropolitan Cities  Urban Agglomeration
The Census Commission of India defines Metropolitan city as those Indian cities having a population of more than 4 million. 

The 74th Amendment to the Indian Constitution defines a metropolitan area as: An area having a population of 10 Lakh or 1 Million or more, comprised in one or more districts and consisting of two or more Municipalities or Panchayats or other contiguous areas, specified by the Governor by public notification to be a Metropolitan area.

As per Census of India 2011, an urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or two or

more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of

such towns. 

An Urban Agglomeration must consist of at least a statutory town and its total population (i.e. all the constituents put together) should

not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census. In varying local conditions, there were similar other combinations which have been treated as urban agglomerations satisfying the basic condition of contiguity. 

As per Census of India 2011 definition of more than 4 million population, some of the major Metropolitan Cities in India are:

  • Mumbai (more than 18 Million)
  • Delhi (more than 16 Million)
  • Kolkata (more than 14 Million)
  • Chennai (more than 8.6 million)
  • Bangalore (around 8.5 million)
  • Hyderabad (around 7.6 million)
  • Ahmedabad (around 6.3 million)
  • Pune (around 5.05 million)
  • Surat (around 4.5 million)
As per Census of India 2011, the number of Urban Agglomerations in India are 475. As per Census of India 2001, the number of Urban Agglomerations were 384.

Urban Agglomerations (UA) are further classified into 3 different groups.

Class I UA (Urban Agglomeration) – Having a population of at least 1,00,000 persons.

Million Plus UA (Urban Agglomeration) – Having a population of 1 million or above. 42.6% of the urban population live in these Million Plus Urban Agglomerations.

Mega Cities – Among the Million Plus UAs/Cities, there are three very large UAs with more than 10 million persons, known as Mega Cities. 

After learning about differences between Metropolitan cities and Urban Agglomeration, refer the below-given links for comprehensive information on Census of India 2011 (15th Census of India), Urban Planning & Development in India. Also learn about Smart Cities Mission in India.

Difference between Metropolitan Cities and Urban Agglomeration :- Download PDF Here

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

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