Major Committees of the Indian Constituent Assembly

In 1946, the Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi in the Constitution Hall which is currently known as the Central Hall of Parliament House. The Constitution of India was drafted by several eminent people in various fields.

Dr. B R Ambedkar is the chief architect of the Constitution of India. As per Article 395, the Government of India Act of 1935 and the Indian Independence Act of 1947 got repealed with the beginning of the Constitution of India.

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The Constituent Assembly selected 22 committees to deal with diverse tasks of Constitution-making. Out of these, 10 were on procedural affairs and 12 on substantive affairs.  Here we are giving the major committees of the Indian Constitution and their Chairmen which will be useful for UPSC IAS Exam.

Drafting committee members

Chairman – Dr. BR Ambedkar


  • N Gopalaswamy Ayyangar
  • Muhammad Saadullah
  • Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar
  • KM Munshi
  • BL Mittar substituted by N Madhava Rao following his resignation on health issues
  • Dr. DP Khaitan (died in 1948 and was substituted by TT Krishnamachari)
The committees of Procedural affairs include:
  • Steering Committee
  • Rules of Procedure Committee
  • Committee on the effect of Indian Independence Act of 1947
  • Orders of Business Committee Credentials Committee
  • House Committee
  • Hindi Translation Committee
  • Urdu Translation Committee
  • Finance and Staff Committee
  • Press Gallery Committee
The committees of substantive affairs include
Major Committees of the Indian Constituent Assembly Chairmen
Ad hoc Committee on the National flag Rajendra Prasad
Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Vallabhbhai Patel
Committee on the Functions of the Constituent Assembly G.V. Mavalankar
Committee on Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas Vallabhbhai Patel
Committee on the Rules of Procedure Rajendra Prasad
Special Committee to Examine the Draft Constitution Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar
Provincial Constitution Committee Vallabhbhai Patel
Drafting Committee B.R. Ambedkar
Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas  Sub-Committee A.V. Thakkar
Finance and Staff Committee Rajendra Prasad
Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee J.B. Kripalani
House Committee B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Minorities Sub-Committee H.C. Mukherjee
North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam, Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee Gopinath Bardoloi
Order of Business Committee K.M. Munshi
States Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
Steering Committee Rajendra Prasad
Union Constitution Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
Union Powers Committee Jawaharlal Nehru

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Frequently Asked Questions about the Committees of the Constituent Assembly


What is the most important committee of the Constituent Assembly?

Among all the committees of the Constituent Assembly, the most important committee was the Drafting Committee set up on August 29, 1947. It was this committee that was entrusted with the task of preparing a draft of the new Constitution.

How many committees were set up by the Constituent Assembly?

The Constituent Assembly set up 13 committees for framing the constitution including a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

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