Difference Between City and Village

Human settlements in today’s era are complex as they have evolved and expanded to move beyond conventional definitions.

This article will be highlighting the key differences between the two types of human settlements: City and Village.

A city can be defined as a permanent settlement with administratively defined boundaries whose denizens are engaged in primarily non-agricultural tasks.

A village, on the other hand, is a cluster of human settlements often located in rural areas with a typically smaller population

Difference Between City and Village - UPSC 2021

Further differences between a City and Village will be elaborated upon within the context of the IAS Exam                                                                                                                                                          

Differences between City and Village

City Village
A city is an important centre of commerce and culture with its own local laws and a well-defined housing, transport and sanitation systems Villages are small groups of human settlements that comprise of permanent residences located close together for better cohesion and socialization of their inhabitants
A city will be large enough to cover a wide area of land A village will only cover a small area of land
As per the Census of India, a settlement having a population of 4 million and above is designated as a city, and at least 75% of the male working population must be engaged in non-agricultural activities
As per the Census of India, there are 3,961 villages which have a population of 10,000 persons or more
The 2011 Census of India states that about 377 Million, about 31.16% of the total population, live in cities As per the 2011 Census of India, about 83 crore of the total population lives in villages
The conventional view is that the first cities began to form around the Neolithic era (10,000–4,500 BC). Examples of early cities are Sumer, Ur and the cities of the Indus Valley Civilization Villages began to appear in the early stages of human history, most likely after the Stone-Age era.

Cities and Villages are topics covered under Sociology, which is an optional subject in the UPSC Mains Exam. To study more from this segment, visit the following links

Aspirants can find more Difference Between Articles, by visiting the linked page

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Frequently Asked Questions about City and Village


What is the definition of a City?

A city is a large human settlement. It can be defined as a permanent and densely settled place with administratively defined boundaries whose members work primarily on non-agricultural tasks.

What is a village?

A village is a small settlement usually found in a rural setting. It is generally larger than a “hamlet” but smaller than a “town”. Some geographers specifically define a village as having between 500 and 2,500 inhabitants. In most parts of the world, villages are settlements of people clustered around a central point.

Become familiar with the general pattern of the IAS Exam by visiting the IAS 2021 Syllabus page. For more exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:

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