What is the Role of ICANN?

The various roles of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) are mentioned below.

  1. Controls and manages the registration process of domain names.
  2. All the top domain names such as .org, .com, .net and country code domains are given by ICANN.
  3. Internet Service Providers (ISP) are provided with Internet Protocol (IP) addresses by the ICANN through one of its groups named Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
  4. ICANN with the help of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) created a Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP). It was created for resolution of conflicts concerning domain name ownership.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

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Is ICANN a Government Agency?

ICANN is not a government agency. It collaborates with various individuals, companies and governments. ICANN is an organization that was created by the United States (U.S) Government and its department of Commerce. Although it was started by the US Government, it is an organization driven by the international community, independent of any government. ICANN manages 330 million domain names, 4 billion network addresses. ICANN headquarters is located in Los Angeles.

Who Invented the World Wide Web?

Tim Berners Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He invented the world wide web while he was working at CERN laboratory. He is also the director of the world wide web consortium (W3C). It is an organisation that implements standards for the web by developing specifications, softwares, tools and guidelines. W3C was founded in 1994.

What is ARPANET?

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) laid the foundation for the development of the modern day internet. The United States Department of Defense established the ARPANET through its Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA).  It was established in 1969. The 2 technologies of ARPANET that became the cornerstone of internet technology are given below.

  1. Implementation of TCP/IP Protocol Suite.
  2. Wide area packet switching network with distributed control.

Aspiring Civil Services candidates should go through the following links to prepare for their exams even better-

Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) What is Internet? Difference between World Wide Web (www) and Internet
Difference Between Virus and Malware Digital India Mission Difference Between Search Engine and Web Browser
Net Neutrality Difference Between TCP/IP and OSI Model India’s national cybersecurity policy

FAQ about Internet Isnt Just Free Yet

What is the role of ICANN?

ICANN is a not-for-profit partnership of people from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet stable, secure and interoperable. It develops policy promotes competition and promotes competition on the Internet’s unique identifiers.

How does ICANN make money?

ICANN gets paid for every domain name that’s registered. And registries, which ICANN licenses to operate top-level domains, also receives a fee for each website name registration.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

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