Ancient Indian History starts with stone ages. Gradually, cities started coming and the first arrival of groups of communities was witnessed in 16 Mahajanapadas (Kingdoms). The mahajanapadas signify the tribes that came together to form different groups and later gave rise to a permanent area of settlements called ‘states’ or ‘janapadas.’
The topic, ’16 Mahajanapadas’ is an important for IAS Exam, for both Prelims and Mains History syllabi. This article will provide you with relevant details about 16 Mahajanapadas which will help you with civil services exam preparation.
Which are 16 Mahajanapadas?
The list below provides you with the names of 16 mahajanapadas:
16 Mahajanapadas – Facts for UPSC Exam
Ancient India had several kingdoms in the 6th century BC. This era saw socio-economic growth along with religious and political developments crossways the Indo-Gangetic plain.
These settlements led the growth from Janapadas to Mahajanpadas. By 6th BC, the focus of chief political activity moved from the western part of Gangetic plain to the eastern part. The eastern part of Gangetic plain consists of present-day Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh. The main reason for this shift was the fertile lands, better climate and topography condition bestowed with rainfall and rivers. In fact, it was the augmented use of iron tools and weapons that empowered small states to develop as a kingdom which is later known as Mahajanapadas.
The table gives you the details about 16 Mahajanapadas:
|16 Mahajanapadas||Capital of 16 Mahajanapadas||Modern Location of 16 Mahajanapadas||Facts about 16 Mahajanapadas|
|Anga||Champa||Munger and Bhagalpur||
|Magadha||Girivraja| Rajagriha||Gaya and Patna||
|Kosala||Sravasti||Eastern Uttar Pradesh||
|Saurasena||Mathura||Western Uttar Pradesh||
|Panchala||Ahichchatra and Kampliya||Western Uttar Pradesh||
|Kuru||Indraprastha||Meerut and Southeastern Haryana||
|Avanti||Ujjaini or Mahismati||Malwa and Madhya Pradesh||
|Kamboja||Pooncha||Rajori and Hajra||
|Ashmaka or Assaka||Pratisthan/ Paithan||Bank of Godavari||
|Malla||Kusinara||Deoria and Uttar Pradesh||
16 Mahajanapadas – UPSC History Notes:- Download PDF Here
The mentioned details are relevant for UPSC 2020 and aspirants are advised to read them carefully.