UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Project CHAMAN
Government schemes and programmes are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. The following article talks about Project Chaman for IAS exam, which is an important segment in the agricultural schemes of the government.
Project Chaman UPSC
India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. It is a top producer of crops like lemons, mangoes and bananas. 30% of India’s agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is from horticulture, from 8.5% of the total cropped area. For the fifth time in a row, horticulture crops have taken over production of food grains. Horticulture crops are comparatively unaffected by the vagaries of monsoon as they are grown with assured irrigation unlike food grains. The horticulture farmers need better access to storage facilities like cold storages and warehouses, markets, credit to help them better manage price risks and avoid distress.
With the aim of developing India’s horticulture sector and helping the states identify suitable areas and crop types, the Ministry of Agriculture has been working on project Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geo-informatics (CHAMAN), which makes use of remote sensing technology and satellites for generating action plans for horticultural development. It was launched in 2014 under the Mission of Integrated Horticultural Development. CHAMAN is being implemented by the Delhi-based Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC).
Project Chaman IAS
- CHAMAN carries out mapping of area and output of 7 horticultural crops in 12 states.
- The Geo-Spatial Studies would be conducted in all major states of the country and remote sensing technology would be extended to other horticulture crops in future, giving a boost to horticulture in India.
- It can help horticulture sector provide nutrient-rich crops to the people and thus ensuring food and nutritional security to all people.
- It creates a digital inventory of all horticultural zones in the country.
- It can help in identifying areas of high Post-harvest losses which can be reduced by creation of desired Post Harvest Infrastructures like cold storages. It will help in deciding the cold storage hubs.
- It will help manage inflation by providing accurate data of food stocks.
|Green Skill Development Programme|
|Kisan SAMPADA Yojana|