Subordinate Judiciary

In the judicial organisation of every state, the High Court is the apex body. Below the High Court, there are other courts which constitute the subordinate judiciary. These Subordinate Courts are of two types, namely, Civil and Criminal. The disputes relating to property, succession, ownership and other such rights come under the jurisdiction of Civil Courts, which dispose of these cases in accordance with the Civil Procedure Code. The Criminal cases related to murder, robbery, arson, cheating, assault and rape etc. These cases are disposed of by the Criminal Courts in accordance with the Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Penal Code. Both the Civil and Criminal Courts are graded into three each. The gradation of these courts is related to the nature of the dispute, the amount of property in case of Civil Courts and the nature of crime in case of Criminal Courts.

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