02 Aug 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

August 2nd, 2021, PIB:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. ‘States too must ensure cases are not filed under Sec. 66A’
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Pak. finalises Bill to grant new status to Gilgit-Baltistan: report
2. UNSC Presidency: Jaishankar lays out policy perspective
C. GS 3 Related
SECURITY
1. Assam, Mizoram agree to ease border tension
AGRICULTURE
1. As monsoon recovers, Kharif sowing lag drops below 5%
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. The draw of space and nuclear technologies
HEALTH
1. The benefits of breastfeeding
ECONOMY
1. A cycle of low growth, higher inflation
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Pak. finalises Bill to grant new status to Gilgit-Baltistan: report

Context:

Pakistani authorities have finalised a law to award provisional provincial status to strategically located Gilgit-Baltistan.

Gilgit-Baltistan:

Gilgit-Baltistan Map

  • Gilgit-Baltistan borders China in the North and Kashmir and Ladakh to the southeast.
  • It shares a geographical boundary with Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, and India considers it as part of the undivided Jammu and Kashmir, while Pakistan sees it as separate from PoK.
  • The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) also passes through this region.
  • Three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the Polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan.

Indi’s Stand:

  • India has clearly conveyed to Pakistan that the entire Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, including the areas of Gilgit and Baltistan, are an integral part of the country by virtue of its fully legal and irrevocable accession.
  • India has condemned Pakistan’s attempt to make material changes to the disputed area.
  • India asserts that the Government of Pakistan or its judiciary has no locus standi on territories illegally and forcibly occupied by it.

2. UNSC Presidency: Jaishankar lays out policy perspective

Context:

India has taken over the Security Council Presidency in August 2021.

Details:

  • External Affairs Minister laid out the policy perspective that the Indian team at the U.N. will pursue during the Security Council Presidency.
  • He asserted that India’s vision has been steered by Dialogue and Cooperation, mutual respect and commitment to international law.
  • India is organising three high-level signature meetings, focusing on our priority areas: maritime security, peacekeeping, and counterterrorism.
  • Maritime security, which is of significance in dealing with freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, is likely to receive the bulk of Indian attention.
  • Four major Asian conflicts are raging and diplomatic analysts believe that India should focus on resolving the conflicts in Afghanistan, Myanmar, and Yemen and find a lasting solution to troubles in Syria.
  • The developments in Afghanistan and Myanmar especially are of immediate importance to India and the broader Asian region.

Note:

  • The presidency for the month of August will be India’s first time at the helm of the UN’s most important body during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of the Security Council.
  • India is an elected non-permanent member of the Security Council and had received the support of the Asia-Pacific countries in the election.
  • The UNSC presidency is held by each of the council’s members for a single month based on the alphabetical order of the member states’ names.
  • India had last assumed the UNSC presidency in 2011.
  • It will again preside over the Council in December 2022, the last month of its two-year tenure.

Category: AGRICULTURE

1. As monsoon recovers, Kharif sowing lag drops below 5%

Context:

Signs of recovery in the sowing of Kharif crops as the monsoon is picking up pace and covering the whole country.

Details:

  • Though the monsoon rainfall is just 2% below normal, the overall figures hide both geographical and temporal unevenness.
  • The biggest continuing lags are in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, where the three-week pause in the rains has resulted in a lower sown area for rain-fed crops such as coarse cereals, oilseeds and pulses.
  • This is significant as the rising prices of edible oils and pulses have been major contributors to recent inflation trends.

Read more on Rabi and Kharif Crops: Overview and Major Crops

August 2nd, 2021, PIB:- Download PDF Here

2 Comments

  1. New venture in space and nuclear technology that have a huge potential to benefit mankind.
    Background:
    Jeff Bezos blasted into a space on Blue origin first flight with the people on board becoming the second linear to ride is on spacecraft.
    Another billionaire ,Bill gates decided to launch his on nuclear reactor eyeingpossibility of exporting fast breeder reactor to power hungry countries.

    Concern:
    blue origin is space flight is very expensive and wasteful adventure for the common people. People who want to travel into the space.
    Bezos blasted are concerned the environmental vision.
    according to him his vision was to take all the heavy industry all the politic industry and move it into a space in keep for earth as a beautiful James of planet.
    Future of atomic energy
    the expanded use of nuclear tech offers immense potential to meet important development needs it helps the satisfying the energy demand mitigating the threat of climate change.
    Issue arises:
    it remains uncertain whether the value of the screen reliable in sustainable source of nuclear energy will achieve its full potential anytime soon.
    in some measure market nuclear power life favourable policy and financing the frame of that recognise its contribution to climate change mitigation as a table development.
    Conclusion
    US President Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter TVS policy to discourage the commercializing of Pluto niyam fluelled reactor.

    1. Hi Riya,
      Please make full use of UPSC Mains Answer Writing in the linked article. Here you can submit answers to UPSC questions posted frequently.

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