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30 Jan 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 30 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2020-2021
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Amendment to Indus Water Treaty
C. GS 3 Related
SECURITY
1. Women Officers in the Army
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. In NREGA reforms, prioritise the worker and her dues
HEALTH
1. Revisit the tax treatment of tobacco products
EDUCATION
1. The Indian university is in a free fall
F. Prelims Facts
1. Leprosy
G. Tidbits
1. Women’s U19 T20 World Cup
2. Australian Open
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Amendment to Indus Water Treaty

Syllabus: India and its Neighborhood – Relations

Mains:  Ecological, economic and political implications of Indus Water Treaty

Context: India has recently announced its intentions to modify the 62-year-old Indus Water Treaty with Pakistan.

Introduction:

  • India has informed Pakistan of its intention to amend the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960, which sets out a mechanism for management of cross-border rivers. 
  • India was forced to issue the notice as Pakistan’s actions had “adversely impacted” on the provisions of the treaty and their implementation. 
  • India cited Pakistan’s “intransigence” in resolving disputes over the Kishenganga and Ratle hydropower projects, both in Jammu and Kashmir. 
  • India also protested Pakistan’s “unilateral” decision to approach a court of arbitration at The Hague.

Read more on Recent Developments regarding Indus Water Treaty

G. Tidbits

1. Women’s U19 T20 World Cup

  • Indian under 19 women’s team led by Shefali Verma beat England in ICC Under 19 Women’s T20 World Cup final on January 29,2023. 
    • Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced a cash reward of Rs 5 crore for the entire India squad following the win.
  • The 2023 ICC Under-19 Women’s T20 World Cup was the first edition of the ICC Women’s Under-19 Cricket World Cup, hosted by South Africa in 2023.
  • In April 2021, the International Cricket Council (ICC) announced that the tournament had been moved from its original slot at the end of 2021 to January 2023 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Indonesia and Rwanda qualified for an ICC World Cup tournament at any level for the first time. This is also the first ICC Women’s World Cup for Scotland, United Arab Emirates, United States, and Zimbabwe at any level.

2. Australian Open

  • The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 
  • The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. 
  • Novak Djokovic from Serbia beat Stefanos Tsitsipas to claim the 2023 Australian Open Men’s title.
  • Aryna Sabalenka from Belarus beat Elena Rybakina in the Australian Open Women’s final.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of these statement(s) is/are true? (Level- Difficult)
  1. Western Disturbances originate in Caspian or Mediterranean Sea.
  2. They are categorized as extra-tropical storms.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Western disturbances originate in the Caspian or Mediterranean Sea, and bring non-monsoonal rainfall to northwest India.
  • Statement 2 is correct: They are called extra-tropical storms
Q2.  Identify the correct statements:  (Level- Moderate)
  1. UNSC has 10 members non-permanent.
  2. It recommends new members to be added to UN General Assembly.
  3. India is currently a non-permanent member of the UNSC.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3 
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: There are 5 permanent members in UNSC (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and 10 non-permanent members. The non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • Statement 2 is correct: It recommends new members be added to UN General Assembly.
  • Statement 3 is not correct: The current non-permanent members of UNSC are Albania, Brazil, Ecuador, Gabon, Ghana, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates.
Q3. Which of the statements are true regarding the Western Ghats? (Level- Moderate)
  1. They are a biodiversity hotspot.
  2. The highest point of Western Ghats is Nandi Hills.
  3. It is an important water-divide for India.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct: The Western Ghats are a mountain range running parallel along the western coast of India starting from Gujarat and ending in Tamil Nadu. They are a biodiversity hotspot.
  • Statement 2 is not correct: Anamudi is the highest peak of the Western Ghats.
  • Statement 3 is correct: Western Ghats play an important role in creating the main water divide in peninsular India. Due to this water divide, almost all major peninsular rivers like the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal.
Q4.  Which of these statements is/are not true? (Level- Easy)
  1. Gandhiji came back to India from South Africa in January 1915.
  2. He was instrumental in founding the Indian National Congress.
  3. He first demonstrated his system of Satyagraha during the Ahmedabad mill strike.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct: On 9 January 1915, Father of the Nation, M K Gandhi reached Bombay sailing from South Africa, having lived there for more than two decades.
  • Statement 2 is not correct: INC was started by a retired British civil servant Allan Octavian Hume along with Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Wacha. The first session of the Indian National Congress (INC) was held in Bombay on 28 December 1885.
  • Statement 3 is not correct: The first Satyagraha in India by Gandhi ji was the Champaran Satyagrah of 1917.
Q5. According to India’s National Policy on Biofuels, which of the following can be 
used as raw materials for the production of biofuels?​  (Level- Difficult)
  1. Cassava​
  2. Damaged wheat grains​
  3. Groundnut seeds​
  4. Horse gram​
  5. Rotten potatoes​
  6. Sugar beet​

Select the correct answer using the code given below:​

  1. 1, 2, 5, and 6 only​
  2. 1, 3, 4, and 6 only​
  3. 2, 3, 4, and 5 only​
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6​
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: 

  • The National Policy on Biofuels expands the scope of raw material for ethanol production by allowing the use of Sugarcane Juice, Sugar containing materials like Sugar Beet, Sweet Sorghum, Starch containing materials like Corn, Cassava, Damaged food grains like wheat, broken rice, Rotten Potatoes, unfit for human consumption for ethanol production.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 30 Jan 2023:- Download PDF Here

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