13 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 13 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY
1. Slow wheels of Justice
C. GS 3 Related
DEFENCE AND INTERNAL SECURITY
1. India, Brazil Navies may collaborate soon
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. A new judicial device for ‚Äėcomplete justice‚Äô
F. Prelims Facts
1. NASA telescope dives deep into the universe
G. Tidbits
1. Centre has no new data on child labour
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. Centre has no new data on child labour

  • Despite legislation like the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, the menace of child labour continues in India. There have been some empirical reports that child labour has increased after the pandemic.
  • However, the Union government does not have any data on child labour in the country and a major reason for this is the cut in budgetary provisions meant for the National Child Labour Project (NCLP).
    • The NCLP was merged with the Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan in 2016.
    • The currently available data is from the 2011 Census, according to which India has more than a million child labourers.
  • The lack of data will hamper any efforts to help the children stuck in child labour.
  • Other points of concern include the sorry state of affairs at the NCLP‚Äôs schools for child labourers which have more or less stopped functioning due to scarcity of funds.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1. In the last decade, India‚Äôs exports to EU countries have grown at a faster pace than the country’s overall exports.
  2. Under the India-UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, 40% value addition or substantial processing of up to 40% in the exporting country is required to qualify for lower tariffs.
  3. US-Mexico-Canada Agreement has a ‚Äúsunset‚ÄĚ clause in trade agreements which provides for periodic reviews and the agreement is slated to end automatically in 16 years unless the countries renegotiate it.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Of late, the European Union has emerged as a major export destination for Indian goods and services. In the last decade, India‚Äôs exports to EU countries have grown at a faster pace than the country’s overall exports.
  • Under the India-UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, 40% value addition or substantial processing of up to 40% in the exporting country is required to qualify for lower tariffs. This is to help ensure that other countries like China do not make use of this agreement to dump their products into one of the countries through another country.
  • US-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement has a ‚Äúsunset‚ÄĚ clause.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to climate change:
  1. The next round of NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) is due only in 2025.
  2. Only Egypt & New Zealand have responded to a call that countries should revisit their NDCs by the end of 2022, to strengthen them.
  3. The member countries of the Like Minded Group include Belarus, Bhutan, China and India.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Only Egypt & Australia have responded to a call that countries should revisit their NDCs by the end of 2022, to strengthen them.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the bail rule in India:
  1. The CrPC does not define the word bail but only categorises offences under the Indian Penal Code as ‚Äėbailable‚Äô and ‚Äėnon-bailable‚Äô.
  2. Non-bailable offences are cognisable, which enables the police officer to arrest without a warrant.
  3. The CrPC empowers magistrates to grant bail for bailable offences as a matter of right.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The CrPC does not define the word bail but only categorises offences under the Indian Penal Code as ‚Äėbailable‚Äô and ‚Äėnon-bailable‚Äô.
  • The CrPC empowers magistrates to grant bail for bailable offences as a matter of right.
  • In the case of non-bailable offences, two authorities are empowered to consider the question of bail, namely¬†(1) a court and (2) an officer-in-charge of the police station who has arrested or detained without warrant a person accused or suspected of the commission of a non-bailable offence.
  • In the case of non-bailable offences, the police officer can arrest without a warrant.
Q4. NASA has described the Webb’s First Deep Field image as the “deepest and sharpest 
_____________ image of the distant universe to date‚ÄĚ, it shows a galaxy cluster 
called SMACS0723 ‚ÄĒ and more.

Fill in the blank.

  1. Infrared
  2. Ultraviolet
  3. X-ray
  4. Virtual
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The James Webb¬†Space¬†Telescope¬†(JWST) is a space¬†telescope¬†designed primarily to conduct¬†infrared¬†astronomy.
Q5. With reference to the Indus river system of the following four rivers, three of them 
pour into one of them, which joins the Indus direct. Among the following, which one is 
such river that joins the Indus direct? (UPSC 2021)
  1. Chenab
  2. Jhelum
  3. Ravi
  4. Sutlej
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Rivers Chenab, Jhelum, and Ravi pour into Sutlej River. Sutlej river is the one that directly joins the River Indus.

CNA 13 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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