14 May 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

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CNA 14 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Erdogan opposes Finland, Sweden joining NATO bloc
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
AGRICULTURE
1. An industry barely hanging by a thread
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Reforming WHO
2. The kernel of Sri Lanka’s waterfront protests
F. Prelims Facts
1. ISRO tests booster for Gaganyaan
2. Indian rhinoceros
G. Tidbits
1. CCMB develops Indian mRNA vaccine platform
2. China, Russia, Pak. to attend SCO anti-terror meet in Delhi
3. Modi, Deuba to continue talks on hydropower, connectivity
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Indian rhinoceros

Syllabus: GS – 3, Environment and Ecology; Biodiversity

Prelims: Facts about Indian Rhino 

Context

A rhino found in the Orang National Park with its horn sawed-off.

Indian Rhinoceros

  • The Indian Rhinoceros, also called the Indian rhino, or one-horned rhinoceros is a species native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • The Indian Rhino is the largest of the rhino species.
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable
    • Javan and Sumatran Rhinos are categorised as Critically Endangered.
  • Indian Rhino is listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and also under Appendix I of CITES.
  • Habitat: Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian subcontinent, the Rhino populations have declined due to hunting. Rhinos can now be found in parts of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam.

G. Tidbits

1. CCMB develops Indian mRNA vaccine platform

  • The Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) has established the “proof of principle” of the first indigenous mRNA vaccine technology from India.
  • Vaccines are said to work by preparing the immune system to identify disease-causing microorganisms and eliminate them, whereas, the mRNA technology trains the host cell’s immune system to elude real infections by introducing the mRNA of the disease-causing microorganism into the host.
  • The indigenously developed mRNA vaccine platform can be used to fight against infectious diseases such as TB, dengue, malaria, chikungunya, and rare genetic diseases along with SARS-CoV-2.

2. China, Russia, Pak. to attend SCO anti-terror meet in Delhi

  • Counterterrorism teams from Russia, China, Pakistan and Central Asian countries will meet in Delhi ahead of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s Regional Anti-Terror Structure (SCO-RATS) meeting hosted by India.
  • This is the first such official meeting to be held in India since the stand-off along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • The team from Pakistan will be attending the meeting in India for the first time since both countries became members of SCO in 2017, while an Indian team travelled to Pakistan to attend the SCO-RATS exercises 2021 in Pabbi.
  • In October, joint anti-terrorist exercises called “Manesar-Antiterror-2022” will be held in Manesar on the outskirts of Delhi.
  • India is expected to host the SCO summit in 2023, where the leaders of the eight-member grouping of China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan will be travelling to New Delhi.

3. Modi, Deuba to continue talks on hydropower, connectivity

  • The Prime Minister of India and his Nepal counterpart will discuss connectivity and electricity projects during their bilateral talks when the Indian PM travels to Lumbini to attend Buddha Purnima celebrations.
  • The bilateral talks will be focused on expanding the shared understanding and cooperation of both the countries in multiple sectors such as hydropower, development, partnership and connectivity.
  • This is the PM’s first visit to Nepal since the start of the Kalapani-Susta dispute between the two countries in 2020 as Nepal amended its Constitution to incorporate a new map with parts of India in its territory.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements: (Level – Difficult)
  1. The superintendence, direction and the conduct of all elections to the Legislative Council shall be vested in the State Election Commission.
  2. Under the Constitution, a person shall be disqualified for being chosen as and for being a member of the Legislative Council of a state if he/she was convicted of promoting enmity between different groups or for the offence of bribery

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both
  4. None
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The superintendence, direction and the conduct of all elections to Parliament and to the Legislature of every State and of elections to the offices of President and Vice-President shall be vested in the Election Commission.
    • The State Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to the 3rd tier of governance i.e. the Panchayati Raj Institutions and the Urban Local Bodies.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, According to the Representation of the People Act, 1951, a person shall be disqualified for being chosen as and for being a member of the legislative council of a state if he/she was convicted of promoting enmity between different groups or for the offence of bribery.
Q2. Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) which intends to combat terrorism, separatism 
and extremism at the regional and global levels is an organ of (Level – Easy)
  1. European Union
  2. Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
  3. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  4. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) is a permanent organ of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
  • Its headquarters is located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • The objective of RATS is to help member states fight extremism, terrorism and separatism.
Q3. Consider the following statements: (Level – Medium)
  1. This national park is sometimes referred to as Mini Kaziranga.
  2. It is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam

The above statements best describe:

  1. Dibru – Saikhowa National Park
  2. Manas National Park
  3. Nameri National Park
  4. Orang National Park
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation: 

  • Orang National Park is a national park in India located on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam. 
  • Orang National Park is sometimes referred to as Mini Kaziranga.
Q4. Madtsoiidae recently seen in the news is a/an (Level – Difficult)
  1. Fossil of dinosaur
  2. Extinct group of medium-sized to gigantic snakes
  3. New species of banana from a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman islands
  4. Bird that is considered extinct in the wild endemic to the Western Ghats
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • Madtsoiidae is an extinct group of medium-sized to gigantic snakes.
  • These snakes are said to have appeared during the Late Cretaceous and are mostly distributed in the Gondwanan landmasses.
Q5. Bisphenol A (BPA), a cause of concern, is a structural/key component in the 
manufacture of which of the following kinds of plastics? (Level – Difficult) 
[UPSC 2021]
  1. Low-density polyethylene
  2. Polycarbonate
  3. Polyethylene terephthalate
  4. Polyvinyl chloride
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical mainly used to make polycarbonate which is a hard and clear plastic used in many consumer products.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Identify the problems faced by the Jute industry in India in the recent past. Suggest ways to overcome these issues. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS III – Agriculture)
  2. The covid pandemic brought to light the ineffectiveness of the World Health Organization. In the light of this statement, suggest the reforms needed to make the WHO’s working more effective. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS II – International Organizations)

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 14 May 2022:- Download PDF Here

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