25 Oct 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Oct 25th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
HEALTH
1. ‘India’s vaccine pace is inspirational to lower-income countries’
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. E-waste disposal, a mounting headache
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. In Glasgow, all eyes on 2030
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India’s Central Asian outreach
F. Prelims Facts
1. U.P. to get nine new medical colleges
2. Rice’s share in India’s exports
G. Tidbits
1. Union Minister launches air disinfection device
2. ‘Misinformation, hate speech in FB’
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Download the latest monthly updates at BYJU’S IAS & prepare for UPSC Mains 2021!

Yojana Gist
Kurukshetra Gist    
Current Affairs Magazine

2. Rice’s share in India’s exports

  • Rice exports form the fifth-highest share in terms of India’s total exports.
    • Petroleum, gems and jewellery constitute the highest share in India’s total exports.
  • India is the biggest exporter of rice globally, forming over 30% of the world’s exports.
  • Around 90% of India’s rice exports go to Asian and African countries.

G. Tidbits

1. Union Minister launches air disinfection device

  • An air disinfection and purifying device called “Bipolar Air Disinfectant and Purifier” developed by a private firm has been recently launched by the Union Minister of Tourism and Culture.
  • The device can inactivate pathogens like SARS-COV-2, influenza, legionella virus, rhinovirus, varicella-zoster virus, TB bacteria, e coli, fungi and moulds.

2. ‘Misinformation, hate speech in FB’

  • Internal documents at Facebook have indicated the issue of misinformation, hate speech and celebrations of violence in its Indian market. It also points out the use of bots and fake accounts being used by political parties for political mileage.
    • India is Facebook’s largest market.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q.1 GAVI, often seen in the news, refers to which of the following?
  1. Global vaccine alliance formed specifically to expedite the rollout of Covid vaccine around the world
  2. Global vaccine alliance formed under OECD guidelines
  3. Global vaccine alliance with a goal of increasing access to immunization in poor nations
  4. Global vaccine alliance working on rolling out world’s first anti-malarial vaccine
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • GAVI is a public-private global health partnership with the goal of increasing access to immunization in poor countries.
  • As part of its mission, GAVI has helped vaccinate more than 888 million children in the world’s poorest countries.
  • By improving access to new and under-used vaccines for millions of the most vulnerable children, the Vaccine Alliance is transforming the lives of individuals, helping to boost the economies of lower-income countries and making the world safer for everyone.
Q.2 Consider the following statements with regards to the National Fund to Control Drug 
Abuse and choose the correct ones:
  1. The fund is overseen by Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry.
  2. The fund was created in accordance with a provision of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, with a nominal corpus of ₹23 crore.
  3. The Act states that the fund would be used to combat illicit trafficking of narcotics, rehabilitating addicts, and preventing drug abuse.

Options:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 1 & 3 only
  3. 2 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • National Fund to Control Drug Abuse was created in accordance with a provision of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985.
  • The Act states that the fund would be used to combat illicit trafficking of narcotics, rehabilitating addicts, and preventing drug abuse.
  • It had a nominal corpus of Rs.23 crore.
  • The fund is overseen by Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry
  • Under the NDPS Act, the sale proceeds of any property forfeited, grants made by any person and institution, and income from the investments of the fund, go towards the fund.
Q.3 Consider the following statements with regards to additional judges in the High 
Court and choose the incorrect ones:
  1. The Parliament determines the maximum number of additional judges permitted in any High Court in India.
  2. The maximum tenure of an additional judge is 2 years.
  3. The additional judges in the High Court are appointed by the Governor of that state.

Options:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Additional Judges can be appointed by the President under clause (1) of Article 224 of the Constitution. When the need for this arises, the State Government should first obtain the sanction of the Central Government for the creation of such additional posts.
  • The President decides if and when there is a need to have more additional judges and hence it is the president who determines the maximum number of additional judges permitted in any High Court in India.
  • Under the constitutional provisions, an additional judge can be appointed for a maximum period of two years unlike permanent judges, who are appointed till the age of 62.
Q.4 Consider the following statements with regards to the GIFT city:
  1. It is located in Gujarat’s Gandhinagar.
  2. It is a greenfield project.
  3. It would only have commercial areas and no residential facilities.

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City) is an under-construction central business district in Gandhinagar in Gujarat, India.
  • It is India’s first operational greenfield smart city and international financial services centre, which the Government of Gujarat promoted as a greenfield project.
  • The city includes commercial, financial and residential complexes.
Q.5 With reference to Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), consider the following 
statements: (UPSC-2019)
  1. AIIB has more than 80 member nations.
  2. India is the largest shareholder in AIIB.
  3. AIIB does not have any members from outside Asia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia.
  • India is the second-largest shareholder in AIIB, with China being the largest shareholder.
  • AIIB is headquartered in Beijing. The membership has grown to 97 approved members worldwide. It includes member nations outside of Asia as well. Example: Australia, New Zealand.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Examine India’s interests in Central Asia and its diplomatic outreach towards the region. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS Paper 2/International relations)
  2. COP26 must focus sharply on reducing emissions till 2030, rather than on net zero 2050, which is too distant a goal. Critically analyse. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS Paper 3/environment and Ecology)

Read the previous CNA here.

Oct 25th, 2021, CNA:- Download PDF Here

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*