UPSC Mains 2021 Indian Languages Paper - Download PDF

The UPSC Mains is the second level in the Civil Services Examination and consists of 9 papers in total. Out of 9 papers, Paper A is the compulsory Indian Language Paper. The candidates appearing for the Mains exam have to choose one of the Indian languages from the list provided by the Union Public Service Commission in the official notification.

Paper A – Compulsory Indian Language Paper was held on 15th January 2022 (Morning Session). 

Download UPSC Mains 2021 English Language Paper from the linked article. 

UPSC 2021 Mains Indian Languages Paper

The papers on the Indian Languages will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. The total marks allotted for this paper is 300 marks and the time duration given is 3 hours. 

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express ideas clearly and correctly, in one of the Indian languages concerned. 


  • Paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.
  • Paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for Candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability (only Hearing Impairment sub-category) provided that they have been granted such exemption from 2nd or 3rd language courses by the concerned Education Board/University. The candidate needs to provide an undertaking/self-declaration in this regard in order to claim such an exemption to the Commission. 

Download IAS Mains 2021 Indian Language Papers PDF

The aspirants can download the compulsory Indian language papers from the links below:

The candidates can download other Mains question papers from the links provided below:

The aspirants appearing for the Mains exam can choose one of the Indian languages for the Compulsory paper (Paper A).  For these languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates in the written examination will be as follows:

Scripts to be used in Indian Language Papers
Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali  Bengali 
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri  Persian
Konkani  Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi  Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurumukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi  Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil  Tamil 
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithilli Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki


For the Santhali language, the question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki. 

The aspirants can check out Previous years’ UPSC question papers, from the given link. 

The type and nature of Questions asked in Compulsory Indian Language Papers are:

  1. Comprehension of given passages
  2. Precis Writing
  3. Usage and Vocabulary
  4. Short Essays
  5. Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa. 

The candidates can check other UPSC Mains 2021 Question papers from the linked article. 

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