Here we are giving some important facts about World Environment Day which will be important for UPSC IAS Exam. Current affairs and General Knowledge is a crucial part of UPSC IAS Prelims as well as Mains examination. Without having thorough knowledge in Current affairs it is difficult to tackle the General Studies Paper-I in UPSC IAS Prelims Examination.
Latest Context on World Environment Day –
World Environment Day 2021 – Pakistan will host World Environment Day 2021 in partnership with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). This year’s observance of World Environment Day will be on the theme of ‘ecosystem restoration’ and focus on resetting our relationship with nature.
This environment day will also mark the formal launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021 – 2030. Go through the details on Destruction of Ecosystem on the linked page.
- The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration aims to prevent, halt and reverse the degradation of ecosystems on every continent and in every ocean. It can help to end poverty, combat climate change and prevent mass extinction.
- The UN Decade runs from 2021 through 2030, which is also the deadline for the Sustainable Development Goals. Know in detail about the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs on the given link.
- Led by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, The UN Decade is building a strong, broad-based global movement to ramp up restoration and put the world on track for a sustainable future.
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World Environment Day – Overview
World Environment Day is observed on 5th June annually. It is the United Nation’s idea for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Here we are giving some interesting facts about World Environment Day.
- World Environment Day was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, resultant from negotiations on the integration of human interactions and the environment.
- Then in 1974, the first World Environment Day was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
- Initially, it was started as a flagship campaign for raising awareness on budding environmental issues from marine pollution and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.
- The aim of this day is to encourage people worldwide to take care of the Earth or become an agent of change.
- World Environment Day has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually.
World Environment Day Anthem
- The Earth Anthem was composed to sing in the event of World Environment Day.
- It was composed by poet Abhay K, an Indian diplomat.
- It was recorded in eight languages containing all official languages of the United Nations- Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
- It is also recorded in Hindi and Nepali.
- It was launched in the event of World Environment Day 2013.
- It is supported by the global organization Habitat for Humanity.
Annual Themes and Host Countries
The table below gives brief details about the themes of World Environment Day and the nations that hosted it through the years:
|1974||United States||‘Only one Earth’ during Expo ’74|
|1976||Canada||Water: Vital Resource for Life|
|1977||Bangladesh||Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation|
|1978||Bangladesh||Development Without Destruction|
|1979||Bangladesh||Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction|
|1980||Bangladesh||A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction|
|1981||Bangladesh||Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains|
|1982||Bangladesh||Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)|
|1983||Bangladesh||Managing and Disposing of Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy|
|1985||Pakistan||Youth: Population and the Environment|
|1986||Canada||A Tree for Peace|
|1987||Kenya||Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof|
|1988||Thailand||When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last|
|1989||Belgium||Global Warming; Global Warning|
|1990||Mexico||Children and the Environment|
|1991||Sweden||Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership|
|1992||Brazil||Only One Earth, Care, and Share|
|1993||China||Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle|
|1994||United Kingdom||One Earth One Family|
|1995||South Africa||We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment|
|1996||Turkey||Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home|
|1997||Republic of Korea||For Life on Earth|
|1998||Russian||For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas|
|1999||Japan||Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!|
|2000||Australia||The Environment Millennium – Time to Act|
|2001||Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba||Connect with the World Wide Web of Life|
|2002||China||Give Earth a Chance|
|2003||Lebanon||Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!|
|2004||Spain||Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?|
|2005||United States||Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!|
|2006||Algeria||Deserts and Desertification – Don’t Desert Drylands!|
|2007||England||Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?|
|2008||New Zealand||Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy|
|2009||Mexico||Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change|
|2010||Bangladesh||Many Species. One Planet. One Future|
|2011||India||Forests: Nature at your Service|
|2012||Brazil||Green Economy: Does it include you?|
|2013||Mongolia||Think. Eat. Save. Reduce Your Foodprint|
|2014||Barbados||Raise your voice, not the sea level|
|2015||Italy||Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.|
|2016||Angola||Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade|
|2017||Canada||Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator|
|2018||India||Beat Plastic Pollution|
|2019||China||Beat Air Pollution|
|2020||Colombia in partnership with Germany||Biodiversity – focus on time for nature|
Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, World Environment Day 2020 was celebrated digitally. Recently there was massive damage on the biodiversity due to bushfires in Australia, USA, Brazil. There was also a massive problem across East Africa due to locusts. Hence the theme of World Environment Day 2020 focused on time for nature.
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