World Environment Day

Here we are giving some important facts about World Environment Day which will be important for UPSC IAS Exam. Current affairs and General Knowledge is a crucial part of UPSC IAS Prelims as well as Mains examination. Without having thorough knowledge in Current affairs it is difficult to tackle the General Studies Paper-I in UPSC IAS Prelims Examination.

Latest Context on World Environment Day –

World Environment Day 2021 – Pakistan will host World Environment Day 2021 in partnership with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). This year’s observance of World Environment Day will be on the theme of ‘ecosystem restoration’ and focus on resetting our relationship with nature.

This environment day will also mark the formal launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021 – 2030. Go through the details on Destruction of Ecosystem on the linked page.

  1. The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration aims to prevent, halt and reverse the degradation of ecosystems on every continent and in every ocean. It can help to end poverty, combat climate change and prevent mass extinction.
  2. The UN Decade runs from 2021 through 2030, which is also the deadline for the Sustainable Development Goals. Know in detail about the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs on the given link.
  3. Led by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, The UN Decade is building a strong, broad-based global movement to ramp up restoration and put the world on track for a sustainable future.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

World Environment Day – Overview

World Environment Day is observed on 5th June annually. It is the United Nation’s idea for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Here we are giving some interesting facts about World Environment Day.

  • World Environment Day was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, resultant from negotiations on the integration of human interactions and the environment.
  • Then in 1974, the first World Environment Day was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
  • Initially, it was started as a flagship campaign for raising awareness on budding environmental issues from marine pollution and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.
  • The aim of this day is to encourage people worldwide to take care of the Earth or become an agent of change.
  • World Environment Day has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually.

World Environment Day Anthem

  • The Earth Anthem was composed to sing in the event of World Environment Day.
  • It was composed by poet Abhay K, an Indian diplomat.
  • It was recorded in eight languages containing all official languages of the United Nations- Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
  • It is also recorded in Hindi and Nepali.
  • It was launched in the event of World Environment Day 2013.
  • It is supported by the global organization Habitat for Humanity.

Annual Themes and Host Countries

The table below gives brief details about the themes of World Environment Day and the nations that hosted it through the years:

Year Hosts Theme
1974 United States ‘Only one Earth’ during Expo ’74
1975 Bangladesh Human Settlements
1976 Canada Water: Vital Resource for Life
1977 Bangladesh Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation
1978 Bangladesh Development Without Destruction
1979 Bangladesh Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction
1980 Bangladesh A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction
1981 Bangladesh Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains
1982 Bangladesh Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)
1983 Bangladesh Managing and Disposing of Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy
1984 Bangladesh Desertification
1985 Pakistan Youth: Population and the Environment
1986 Canada A Tree for Peace
1987 Kenya Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof
1988 Thailand When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last
1989 Belgium Global Warming; Global Warning
1990 Mexico Children and the Environment
1991 Sweden Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership
1992 Brazil Only One Earth, Care, and Share
1993 China Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle
1994 United Kingdom One Earth One Family
1995 South Africa We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment
1996 Turkey Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home
1997 Republic of Korea For Life on Earth
1998 Russian For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas
1999 Japan Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!
2000 Australia The Environment Millennium – Time to Act
2001 Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba Connect with the World Wide Web of Life
2002 China Give Earth a Chance
2003 Lebanon Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!
2004 Spain Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?
2005 United States Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!
2006 Algeria Deserts and Desertification – Don’t Desert Drylands!
2007 England Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?
2008 New Zealand Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy
2009 Mexico Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change
2010 Bangladesh Many Species. One Planet. One Future
2011 India Forests: Nature at your Service
2012 Brazil Green Economy: Does it include you?
2013 Mongolia Think. Eat. Save. Reduce Your Foodprint
2014 Barbados Raise your voice, not the sea level
2015 Italy Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.
2016 Angola Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade
2017 Canada Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator
2018 India Beat Plastic Pollution
2019 China Beat Air Pollution
2020 Colombia in partnership with Germany Biodiversity – focus on time for nature
2021 Pakistan Ecosystem Restoration

Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, World Environment Day 2020 was celebrated digitally. Recently there was massive damage on the biodiversity due to bushfires in Australia, USA, Brazil. There was also a massive problem across East Africa due to locusts. Hence the theme of World Environment Day 2020 focused on time for nature.

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

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