UPSC IAS Exam: World Environment Day

Today celebrating the World Environment Day. So Here we are giving some important facts about World Environment Day which will be important for UPSC IAS Exam. Current affairs and General Knowledge is a crucial part of UPSC IAS Prelims as well as Mains examination. Without having a thorough knowledge in Current affairs it is difficult to tackle the General Studies Paper-I in UPSC IAS Prelims Examination. 

World Environment Day is observed on 5th June annually. It is the United Nation’s chief idea for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Here we are giving some interesting facts about World Environment Day.

  • The theme for World Environment Day 2017 is ‘Connecting People to Nature’.
  • World Environment Day was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, resultant from negotiations on the integration of human interactions and the environment.
  • Then in 1974 the first World Environment Day was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
  • Initially it was started as a flagship campaign for raising awareness on budding environmental issues from marine pollution and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.
  • The aim of this day is to encourage people worldwide to take care of the Earth or become an agent of change.
  • World Environment Day has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually.

World Environment Day Anthem

  • The Earth Anthem was composed to sing in the event of World Environment Day.
  • It was composed by poet Abhay K, an Indian diplomat.
  • It was recorded in eight languages containing all official languages of the United Nations- Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
  • It is also recorded in Hindi and Nepali.
  • It was launched in the event of the World Environment Day 2013.
  • It is supported by the global organization Habitat for Humanity.

Annual themes and host countries

Year

Host country

Theme

1974

United States

‘Only one Earth’ during Expo ’74

1975

Bangladesh

Human Settlements

1976

Canada

Water: Vital Resource for Life

1977

Bangladesh

Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation

1978

Bangladesh

Development Without Destruction

1979

Bangladesh

Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction

1980

Bangladesh

A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction

1981

Bangladesh

Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains

1982

Bangladesh

Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)

1983

Bangladesh

Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy

1984

Bangladesh

Desertification

1985

Pakistan

Youth: Population and the Environment

1986

Canada

A Tree for Peace

1987

Kenya

Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof

1988

Thailand

When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last

1989

Belgium

Global Warming; Global Warning

1990

Mexico

Children and the Environment

1991

Sweden

Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership

1992

Brazil

Only One Earth, Care, and Share

1993

China

Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle

1994

United Kingdom

One Earth One Family

1995

South Africa

We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment

1996

Turkey

Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home

1997

Republic of Korea

For Life on Earth

1998

Russian

For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas

1999

Japan

Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!

2000

Australia

The Environment Millennium – Time to Act

2001

Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba

Connect with the World Wide Web of Life

2002

China

Give Earth a Chance

2003

Lebanon

Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!

2004

Spain

Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?

2005

United States

Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!

2006

Algeria

Deserts and Desertification – Don’t Desert Drylands!

2007

England

Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?

2008

New Zealand

Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy

2009

Mexico

Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change

2010

Bangladesh

Many Species. One Planet. One Future

2011

India

Forests: Nature at your Service

2012

Brazil

Green Economy: Does it include you?

2013

Mongolia

Think. Eat .Save. Reduce Your Foodprint

2014

Barbados

Raise your voice, not the sea level

2015

Italy

Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.

2016

Angola

Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade

2017

Canada

Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator

 

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