What is Zika Virus?

Zika Virus infection is caused by the Zika Virus (ZIKV) belonging to the Flaviviridae family.It is an infection transmitted through the bite of infected female mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.It usually bites during the day time, peaking during early morning and late evening. Zika virus infection during pregnancy results in birth defects in newborn babies, a condition called microcephaly and can also cause temporary paralysis in adults.

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What are the Symptoms of Zika Virus Infection?

There are multiple symptoms which are listed below.

  1. Skin rashes
  2. Muscle pain
  3. Joint pain
  4. Headache
  5. Fever, temperature around 102 degrees.

These symptoms usually last for 2 to 7 days.

Where did the Major Outbreaks of Zika Virus take place?

The three major outbreaks took place in the following places

  1. Yap Islands (2007)
  2. French Polynesia (2013-14)
  3. South Americas (2015-16)

Which States in India had Reported the Outbreak of Zika Virus?

The first cases of Zika virus were reported in 2017. Zika virus infection was reported in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu.


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