NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 History Our Pasts – II Chapter 2
What do you know about Kings or Kingdoms? You may not have witnessed any real Kings or Kingdoms in today’s modern era. However, the past is glorified with such Kings and Kingdoms. Many new dynasties emerged in different parts of the subcontinent between the 7th and 12th centuries. A Kingdom is actually a piece of land, which is ruled by either a King or a Queen. Students can explore more about the New Kings and Kingdoms from Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 7 History. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2 “New Kings And Kingdoms” discusses the exercises given in “Our Pasts-II” with Solutions. These NCERT Solutions of the exercises provided at the end of the chapter are useful for school exams, as they are sourced from the textbooks.
Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History PDF below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History (Our Pasts-II) Chapter 2 New Kings And Kingdoms:- Download PDF Here
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 2
The solutions for chapter 2, New Kings And Kingdoms are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for other subjects.
1. Match the following:
Gurjara-Pratiharas⇒ Western Deccan
Palas⇒ Gujarat and Rajasthan
Cholas ⇒Tamil Nadu
Answer: Gurjara-Pratiharas ⇒Gujarat and Rajasthan
Rashtrakutas ⇒Western Deccan
Cholas⇒ Tamil Nadu
2. Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”?
Answer: Three parties were involved in the “tripartite struggle” and fought for control over Kannauj. These three parties were the Gurjara-Pratihara, Rashtrakuta and Pala dynasties.
3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola empire?
Answer: The following qualifications were necessary for becoming a member of the sabha in the Chola empire :
a. To become members of the sabha, one should be the owner of the land from which land revenue is collected and should have their own home.
b. One should be aged between 35 years to 70 years of age and should have knowledge of the Vedas.
c. One should be honest and well-versed in administrative matters.
d. If anyone has been a member of any committee in the last three years, he cannot become a member of another committee.
e. Anyone who has not submitted his accounts or of his relatives, cannot contest the elections.
4. What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?
Answer: The two major cities that were under the control of the Chahamanas were Delhi and Ajmer.
5. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
Answer: The Rashtrakutas in the Deccan were the subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka. It was during the mid-8th century when Dantidurga, a Rashtrakuta chief, overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a ritual called ‘Hiranya-garbha’ with the help of Brahmanas. During this period, it was thought that the sacrifcer would be reborn as a Kshatriya, even if he was not one by birth. Also, they fought against the dynasties of Gurjara Pratihara and Palas. Thus, successfully establishing kingdoms in Karnataka and Rajasthan respectively.
6. What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?
Answer: To gain acceptance, the new dynasties took on new titles and performed religious rituals to become a part of the Kshatriyas. They were regarded as the subordinates or Samantas by their overloads and later declared themselves to be maha-Samanta after gaining power and wealth. The new dynasties also engaged themselves in warfare to assert their power and carve kingdoms for themselves.
7. What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil region?
Answer: During the fifth or sixth century, the areas near the Kaveri river in Tamil Nadu were opened up for large-scale cultivation. The irrigation works that were developed in the Tamil region led to the development of water channels for agriculture, construction of embankments to prevent floods and digging of wells and tanks for storage of water.
8. What were the activities associated with Chola temples?
Answer: Chola temples were centres of craft production and often became the nuclei of settlements, which grew around them. The Chola temples were not only places of worship but also the hub of economic, social and cultural life. They were also endowed with land by rulers, as well as by others. The produce of this land went into maintaining all the specialists who worked at the temple. Among the crafts associated with temples, the making of bronze images became the most distinctive and these bronze images are still considered the finest in the world. Most of these bronze images were of deities, while some of these images depicted devotees as well.
New Kings And Kingdoms Summary
The NCERT Class 7 Our Pasts-II Chapter 2 talks about the following topics:
- The emergence of new kingdoms
a. How did the new dynasties gain powers?
b. Who were the Rashtrakutas?
- Administration in the Kingdoms
a. Introduction to revenues and taxes
- Prashastis and Land Grants
a. What were the achievements of Nagabhata?
b. Development of irrigation in Tamil Nadu
- Warfare for Wealth
a. Who were the Cholas?
b. How did the Cholas rise?
c. What were the specialities of the Chola temple?
- Administration of the Empire
a. What were the different categories of land as per the Chola inscriptions?
b. Who could be a member of a sabha in the Chola Empire?
Our Pasts-II is an important book for Class 7 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is given in the linked article.