Syllogism Questions

Being an integral part of the logical reasoning for CAT, the syllogism topic holds good weightage. Every year almost 4-5 questions in the CAT exam comes from this topic. Solve the given syllogism questions for CAT to ace the logical reasoning section easily. Answer link is given at the bottom.

CAT Syllogism Questions

Directions for Q. No. 1 to 25:

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (A) and (B). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer: (A) If only (A) conclusion follows, (B) If only (B) conclusion follows, (C) If either (A) or (B) follows, (D) If neither (A) nor (B) follows and (E) If both (A) and (B) follow.

1. Statements:

All poets are goats. Some goats are trees.

Conclusions:

A. Some poets are trees.

B. Some trees are goats.

 

2. Statements:

Some mangoes are yellow. Some tixo are mangoes.

Conclusions:

A. Some mangoes are green.

B. Tixo is yellow.

 

3. Statements:

Some ants are parrots. All parrots are apples.

Conclusions:

A. All apples are parrots.

B. Some ants are apples.

 

4. Statements:

Some pearls are jewels. Some jewels are ornaments.

Conclusions:

A. Some jewels are pearls.

B. Some ornaments are jewels.

 

5. Statements:

Some hens are cows. All the cows are horses.

Conclusions:

A. Some horses are hens.

B. Some hens are horses.

 

6. Statements:

Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.

Conclusions:

A. Some pens are pencils.

B. Some pens are papers.

 

7. Statements:

All actors are girls. All girls are beautiful.

Conclusions:

A. All actors are beautiful.

B. Some girls are actors.

 

8. Statements:

All flowers are leaves. Some leaves are birds.

Conclusions:

A. Some birds are flowers.

B. Some leaves are flowers.

 

9. Statements:

All windows are doors. No door is a wall.

Conclusions:

A. Some windows are walls.

B. No wall is a door

 

10. Statements:

All cups are books.

All books are shirts.

Conclusions:

A. Some cups are not shirts.

B. Some shirts are cups.

 

11. Statements:

Some cows are crows. Some crows are elephants.

Conclusions:

A. Some cows are elephants.

B. All crows are elephants.

 

12. Statements:

All pencils are pens. All pens are inks.

Conclusions:

A. All the pencils are inks.

B. Some inks are pencils.

 

13. Statements:

All trucks are flies. Some scooters are flies.

Conclusions:

A. All trucks are scooters.

B. Some scooters are trucks.

 

14. Statements:

All buildings are chalks. No chalk is toffee.

Conclusions:

A. No building is toffee

B. All chalks are buildings

 

15. Statements:

All cars are cats. All fans are cats.

Conclusions:

A. All cars are fans.

B. Some fans are cars.

 

Directions for Q. No. 16 to 25: In each of the following questions two statements are given which are followed by four conclusions (A), (B), (C) and (D). Choose the conclusions which logically follow from the given statements.

16. Statements:

No door is a dog. All dogs are cats.

Conclusions:

A. No door is a cat.

B. No cat is a door.

C. Some cats are dogs.

D. All cats are dogs.

Options:

a. Only (B) and (D)

b. Only (A) and (C)

c. Only (C) and (D)

d. Only (C)

e. All the four

 

17. Statements:

All green are blue. All blue are white.

Conclusions:

A. Some blue are green.

B. Some white are green.

C. Some green are not white. 

D. All white are blue.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (B)

b. Only (A) and (C)

c. Only (A) and (D)

d. Only (B) and (D)

 

18. Statements:

All men are vertebrates. Some mammals are vertebrates.

Conclusions:

A. All men are mammals.

B. All mammals are men.

C. Some vertebrates are mammals.

D. All vertebrates are men.

Options:

a. Only (D)

b. Only (B)

c. Only (C)

d. Only (A)

e. Only (A) and (C)

 

19. Statements:

All phones are scales. All the scales are calculators.

Conclusions:

A. All calculators are scales.

B. All phones are calculators

C. All scales are phones.

D. Some calculators are phones.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (D)

b. Only (C) and (D)

c. Only (B) and (D)

d. Only (A) and (B)

e. Only (A) and (C)

 

20. Statements:

Some cars are scooters. No scooter is cycle.

Conclusions:

A. No car is cycle.

B. No scooter is car.

C. Some cars are cycles.

D. Some scooters are cars.

Options:

a. None of the four

b. All the four

c. Only (A) and (D)

d. Only (D)

e. Only (B) and (D)

 

21. Statements:

Some tables are T.V. Some T.V. are radios.

Conclusions:

A. Some tables are radios.

B. Some radios are tables.

C. All radios are T.V.

D. All T.V. are tables.

Options:

a. Only (B) and (D)

b. Only (A) and (C)

c. Only (D)

d. Only (A) and (D)

e. None of the four

 

22. Statements:

Some pens are books. Some books are pencils.

Conclusions:

A. Some pens are pencils.

B. Some pencils are pens.

C. All pencils are pens.

D. All books are pens.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (C)

b. Only (B) and (D)

c. All the four

d. None of the four

e. Only (A)

 

23. Statements:

All goats are tigers. All tigers are lions.

Conclusions:

A. All goats are lions.

B. All lions are goats.

C. Some lions are goats.

D. Some tigers are goats.

Options:

(a) All the four

(b) Only (A), (B) and (C)

(c) Only (A), (C) and (D)

(d) Only (B), (C) and (D)

 

24. Statements:

All the books are pencils. No pencil is eraser.

Conclusions:

A. All pencils are books.

B. Some erasers are books.

C. No book is eraser.

D. Some books are erasers.

Options:

a. Only (C)

b. Only (A) and (C)

c. Only (A) and (B)

d. Only (B) and (C)

e. Only (C) and (D)

 

25. Statements:

All research scholars are psychologists. Some psychologists are scientists.

Conclusions:

A. All research scholars are scientists.

B. Some research scholars are scientists.

C. Some scientists are psychologists.

D. Some psychologists are research scholars.

Options:

a. Only (C) and (D)

b. None of the four

c. All the four

d. Only (C)

e. Only (B) and (D)

 

Directions for Q. No. 26 to 34: In each of the following questions there are three statements that are followed by three or four conclusions. Choose the conclusions which logically follow from the given statements.

26. Statements:

All locks are keys. All keys are bats. Some watches are bats.

Conclusions:

A. Some bats are locks.

B. Some watches are keys.

C. All keys are locks.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (B)

b. Only (A)

c. Only (B)

d. Only (A) and (C)

 

27. Statements:

Some keys are staplers. Some staplers are stickers. All stickers are pens.

Conclusions:

A. Some pens are staplers.

B. Some stickers are keys.

C. No sticker is key.

D. Some staplers are keys.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (B)

b. Only (B) and (D)

c. Only (B) and (C)

d. Only (A) and (D)

e. Either (B) or (C)

 

28. Statements:

Some questions are answers. Some answers are writers. All writers are poets.

Conclusions:

A. Some writers are answers.

B. Some poets are questions.

C. All questions are poets.

D. Some poets are answers.

Options:

a. Only (A) and (B)

b. Only (A) and (D)

c. Only (A) and (C)

d. Only (B) and (D)

 

29. Statements:

Some envelopes are gums. Some gums are seals. Some seals are adhesives.

Conclusions:

A. Some envelopes are seals.

B. Some gums are adhesives.

C. Some adhesives are seals.

D. Some adhesives are gums.

 

Options:

a. Only (C)

b. Only (A)

c. Only (B)

d. Only (D)

 

30. Statements:

All papers are books. All bags are books. Some purses are bags.

Conclusions:

A. Some papers are bags.

B. Some books are papers.

C. Some books are purses.

Options:

a. Only (A)

b. Only (B) and (C)

c. Only (A) and (B)

d. Only (A) and (C)

 

31. Statements:

Some rats are cats. Some cats are dogs. No dog is cow.

Conclusions:

A. No cow is cat.

B. No dog is rat.

C. Some cats are rats.

Options:

a. Only (A)

b. Only (A) and (B)

c. Only (A) and (C)

d. Only (B) and (C)

e. Only (C)

 

32. Statements:

All books are papers. Some papers are journals. Some journals are calendars.

Conclusions:

A. Some journals are books.

B. Some calendars are papers.

C. Some books are journals.

D. Some books are calendars.

Options:

a. Only (A)

b. Only (B)

c. Only (C)

d. Only (D)

e. None of the four

 

33. Statements:

All bottles are boxes. All boxes are bags. Some bags are trays.

Conclusions:

A. Some bottles are trays.

B. Some trays are boxes.

C. All bottles are bags.

D. Some trays are bags.

Options:

a. Only (C) and (D)

b. Only (A) and (B)

c. Only (B) and (C)

d. Only (A) and (D)

 

34. Statements:

Some cars are jeeps. All boxes are jeeps. All pens are cars.

Conclusions:

A. Some cars are boxes.

B. No pen is jeep.

C. Some boxes are cars.

Options:

a. None of three

b. Only (A) and (B)

c. Only (A) and (C)

d. Only (B) and (C)

 

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