World Intellectual Property Day is celebrated every year on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to “raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life”
The World Intellectual Property Day is a featured topic in the UPSC Exam.
Background of World Intellectual Property Day
April 26th was chosen as the day to celebrate the World Intellectual Property Day as it coincides with the date when the convention establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization came into effect in 1970. Each year, the World Intellectual Property Organization is celebrated, it is associated with a message or theme. Let us have a look at the themes associated with the event.
World Intellectual Property Day Themes
|2001||Creating the Future Today|
|2003||Make Intellectual Property Your Business|
|2005||Think, Imagine, Create|
|2006||It Starts with an Idea|
|2008||Celebrating innovation and promoting respect for intellectual property|
|2010||Innovation – Linking the World|
|2011||Designing the Future|
|2013||Creativity – The Next Generation|
|2014||Movies – a Global Passion|
|2015||Get Up, Stand Up. For Music|
|2016||Digital Creativity: Culture Reimagined.|
|2017||Innovation – Improving Lives|
|2018||Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity|
|2019||Reach for Gold: IP and Sports|
To know more about other International Days, their importance and their dates, visit the linked article.
What is a copyright?
A ‘copyright’ can be defined as a packet/bundle of rights given by the law to the creators of literary, dramatic, artistic works, and musical and the producers of cinematographic films and sound recordings. The history of copyright law in India goes back to its colonial era under the British rule. It was first passed as the Indian Copyright Act, 1914 was based on the Imperial Copyright Act of 1911 passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, but was slightly modified in terms in order to make it more applicable to the law system in India . According to this Act, the period of copyright for photographs was 50 years from the time it was first published. Upon independence it was amended and passed as the Copyright Act , 1957.
To know more about the legislation passed in British India, visit the linked article.
Seven Interesting Facts about Copyright Law of India
- The Copyright Act of 1957 was the first legislation regarding Copyright in Independent India. To this date the law has been amended six time (latest being the Copyright Amendment Act, 2012)
- India is a member of some of the most important international conventions, such as the Universal Copyright Convention. These international bodies deal with anything regarding copyright laws.
- The rights covered under the Copyright laws include: – the right to reproduce copyrighted work, communicate your work to the public, adaptation and translation of the work.
- The Indian Copyright Laws protect literary works, musical works, dramatic works, artistic works, sound recordings and cinematography.
- The Copyright Act of 1957 provides three kinds of remedies: administrative, civil and criminal
- The criminal remedies are covered under Chapter XIII of the statute and the penalties upon infringement include imprisonment of upto 3 years along with a fine of upto Rs.200,000
- Copyrights of works of the countries mentioned in the International Copyright Order are protected in India, as if such works are Indian works. The term of copyright in a work shall not exceed that which is enjoyed by it in its country of origin.
To know about other laws covered under the Indian Penal Code, visit the linked article.
Relevant Questions for World Intellectual Property Day
What does WIPO mean?
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). WIPO was created in 1967 “to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world”.
What is the role of the World Intellectual Property Organization?
The World Intellectual Property Organization seeks to develop a balanced and accessible International Intellectual Property system, which rewards creativity, stimulates innovations, and contributes to economic development while safeguarding public interests.
Is India a member of WIPO?
India became a member of WIPO in 1975 and is currently party to six treaties administered by WIPO, namely, WIPO Convention (1975), Paris Convention (1998), Berne Convention (1928), Patent Cooperation Treaty (1998), Phonograms Convention (1975) and Nairobi Treaty,
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