Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 on 9th September 2021. Swachh Survekshan Urban 2021 is yet to be launched by the Ministry of Housing Affairs.
Swachh Survekshan is a report released by the Government of India as a part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. A Swachh Survekshan report is released after a thorough survey to monitor the performance of each state in terms of sanitisation.
The Swachh Survekshan report and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan are both important topics for candidates preparing for the upcoming IAS Exam. Questions based on the same may be asked in the upcoming UPSC CSE exam.
Aspirants can get a detailed List of Government Schemes in India at the linked article.
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Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021
Also known as Rural Cleanliness Survey, Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 has been launched under Swachh Bharat Mission Phase-II. Earlier, it was launched in 2018 and 2019. Its prime objective is to focus on the acceleration of ODF plus interventions and results in the country.
- Under Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021, 17475 villages in 698 Districts across the country will be covered.
- 87250 public spaces would be surveyed and around 1,74,750 Households would be interviewed for their feedback on Swachh Bharat Mission related issues.
- Districts would be ranked based on different parameters. The element-wise allotment of weights is:
- Direct Observation of sanitation at public places – 30%
- Citizen’s Feedback, including feedback from common citizens, key influencers at the village level and from citizens online using a mobile App – 35%
- Service Level Progress on sanitation-related parameters – 35%
About the Swachh Survekshan Report
Discussed below are a few important facts regarding the Swachh Survekshan Report:
- The report of Swachh Survekshan Urban is released by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA); Grameen (Rural) is released by Jal Shakti Ministry.
- It is one of the world’s largest sanitation surveys.
- The Swachh Survekshan Grameen reports have earlier been released in 2018 and 2019 while Swachh Survekshan Urban report was started in 2016.
- The announcement for the 6th edition of Swachh Survekshan Report 2021 was made in July 2020 where a new performance category was launched ‘Prerak DAUUR Samman’
- The survey is carried out in over 4000 cities of India and the criteria and weightage for various components of sanitation-related aspects used for the Survey are:
- Strategy for Open Defecation Free town and Integrated Solid Waste Management
- Education, Information, and Behavior Change Communication activity
- Door to door Collection, Sweeping, Collection and Transportation
- Treating and Disposal of Solid Waste
- Public and Community Toilet Facility
- Individual Toilets
- The major categories in which the Swachh Survekshan Report is released include:
- Cities with a population less than 1 lakh
- Cities with a population between 1 lakh and 10 lakh
- Cities with a population above 10 lakh
- This survey is 100% paperless and complete digitalised
About the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Given below is information about the Swachh Bharat Mission in brief:
- The campaign was launched by PM Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014 to honour Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean country
- The key objective of the mission is to spread awareness about sanitisation and cleanliness
- Increase construction of toilets, conduct awareness drives, make school children aware of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
For detailed information about the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and its objectives, candidates can visit the linked article.
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Swachh Survekshan Report 2020
Discussed below is the information as per the Swachh Survekshan Report 2020:
- In the category for a population with less than 1 lakh, Karad was named the cleanest city. It was followed by Sasvad and Lonavala
- Ambikapur was announced the cleanest city in the category for the population between 1 to 10 lakhs. Gaya was ranked at the bottom in this list
- In the category of cities with a population above 10 lakhs, Indore ranked first and Patna was at the bottom of the list
- Among the 46 Ganga towns, Varanasi was declared the cleanest
- Among Cantonments, Jalandhar was named the cleanest city
- Ahmedabad was announced the cleanest Megacity in India
- New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) was named the cleanest capital city
- Nagar Nigam Ludhiana, Punjab was named the Best Big City in Innovation and Best Practices
- Municipal Corporation Rajkot, Gujarat was named the Best Self Sustainable Big City
Aspirants prepping up for the upcoming Civil Services Exam can check the detailed and comprehensive UPSC Syllabus for the prelims and mains examination at the linked article.
For latest exam updates, study material and preparation tips, candidates can turn to BYJU’S for expert assistance.
Frequently Asked Questions on Swachh Survekshan
Q 1. Who conducts the Swachh Survekshan Grameen Survey?
Q 1. Who conducts the Swachh Survekshan Urban survey?
Q 2. Which city won the Swachh Survekshan 2020?
Q 3. When was the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan launched?
Q 4. Which state ranked last in Swachh Survekshan Report 2020?
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