Government Policies for Development and Arising Issues - List of Government Policies & Important UPSC Questions

Government of India frames policies to tackle myriads of problems plaguing the country, in different spheres such as employment, health, women empowerment etc. This article provides the list of Government schemes in 5 major sectors and has questions that were asked in the previous years UPSC Civil service exams.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Aspirants should begin their preparation by solving UPSC Previous Year Question Papers now!!

To complement your preparation for the upcoming exam, check the following links:

Why is it Important to Read about the Government Policies for UPSC?

The policies formulated by the Indian Government are specific plans of action to target an issue and achieve the goals of different sectors of the Indian economy. Questions in the IAS Exam are asked from such government policies. Hence, to know the objectives of important government policies stands imperative for the civil services examination.

Important Government Policies in Different Sectors of Economy

Some of the important government policies are mentioned below, issue-wise:

Major Sectors/Issue Government Policies/Government Schemes
Public Employment
Education in India
Health in India
Women Empowerment
Public Distribution/ Farmers’ Welfare/Agriculture

Aspirants can refer to more Government Schemes in the linked article.

UPSC Questions related to Government Policies

Some of the important UPSC previous years’ questions related to government policies or government’s role in different development and arising issues are mentioned below.

UPSC Mains GS-II (2019)

  1. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to the absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of the policy process. Discuss

UPSC Mains GS-III (2019)

  1. How far is the Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production?
  2. Elaborate on the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas.
  3. Elaborate on the policy taken by the government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing sector.

UPSC Mains GS-I (2018)

  1. ‘Despite the implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing.’ Explain by giving reasons.

UPSC Mains GS-II (2018)

  1. Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieving ‘Health for All ‘ in India. Explain

UPSC Mains GS-III (2018)

  1. What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low-income trap?
  2. Assess the role of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in boosting the production, productivity and income of horticulture farms. How far has it succeeded in increasing the income of farmers?

UPSC Mains GS-II (2017)

  1. ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs, the identification of beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes’ Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme.

UPSC Mains GS-II (2016)

  1. Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.

UPSC Mains GS-III (2016)

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional finance fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poor section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion.
  2. Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).

Aspirants preparing for UPSC 2022 can get help from this article for government initiatives targeting different issues arising in the Indian society.

Frequently Asked Questions Government Policies for Development and Arising Issues


Q 1. What is the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana?

Ans. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.

Q 2. What is the Pradhan Mantri Employment Generation Programme?

Ans. Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is a credit linked subsidy programme administered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India for generating employment opportunities by establishing micro-enterprises in urban and rural areas in the non-farm sector.

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