UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – One Stop Centre Scheme
There are several manifestations of gender-based violence in India. They include the more universally prevalent forms of domestic and sexual violence like rape, sexual harassment, child sexual abuse, trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation, harmful practices such as honour killings, dowry, child marriage, acid attacks, witch hunting, sex-selective abortion, etc.
A centrally sponsored scheme for setting up a One Stop Centre has been formulated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). It is a sub-scheme of the Umbrella Scheme for National Mission for Empowerment of Women which includes Indira Gandhi Mattritav Sahyaog Yojana.
The scheme is funded by the Nirbhaya fund. 100% financial assistance will be provided by the centre to the states and the union territories under the scheme.
One Stop Centre Scheme Objectives
- One Stop Centres (OSC) are intended to support women affected by violence, within the family, at work place, within the community, in private and public spaces.
- The scheme facilitates a mechanism of support and redressal for the women facing sexual, physical, psychological, emotional and economic abuse, irrespective of race, caste, creed, class, age, education status, culture or marital status.
- Specialised services would be provided to the aggrieved women facing any kind of violence due to attempted acid attacks, witch-hunting, domestic violence, trafficking, sexual assault or sexual harassment and have reached out or been referred to the OSC.
The One Stop Centres will be integrated with Women Helpline and will provide access to services such as:
- Emergency Response and Rescue Services will be provided in linkage with already existing mechanisms like 108 service, police, National Health Mission (NHM)etc., so that the women aggrieved can be rescued and transferred to the nearest medical facility.
- Medical assistance shall be provided as per the protocols developed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- Assistance in lodging First Information Report (FIR) / Non-Cognizable Report (NCR).
- Counseling and Psychosocial support to give women, confidence and support to seek justice for the violence caused. Additionally, legal aid will also be provided.
- Video conferencing facility shall be provided to the aggrieved woman in consultation with the Superintendent of Police, District and Session Judge to record her statement using audio-video electronic means.
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