Topic of the Day – Ujjawala Scheme

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Ujjawala Scheme

The trafficking of people, mostly of women and children is a burgeoning criminal activity that generates unbelievably large profits every year, third only to illegal drugs and weapons trade. India has emerged as a transit, destination as well as a source for both cross-border and within the country trafficking. Trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime violating the basic human rights. Lack of protective environment, low status of women and poverty are a few reasons for trafficking. Ujjawala is a comprehensive scheme launched by the government for prevention of trafficking and also for the rescue, rehabilitation and reintegration of the victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.


Objectives of the Scheme:

  • Prevention of trafficking of children and women for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and awareness generation programmes, the participation of local communities, generation of public debates and opinions through seminars/workshops and other innovative activities.
  • Facilitating the rescue of victims and placing them in safe custody.
  • Provision of rehabilitation services to the victims through the provision of basic amenities/needs such as food, clothing, shelter, medical help, legal aid, guidance, counseling as well as vocational training.
  • To work towards reintegrating the victims into their family and into the society at large.
  • Facilitating the repatriation of cross-border victims into their country of origin.


Components of the scheme:

  1. Prevention
  2. Rescue
  3. Rehabilitation
  4. Re-Integration
  5. Repatriation


Implementing Agencies:

The implementing agencies of the scheme are

  • Social Welfare/Women and Child Welfare Department of State Government
  • Women’s Development Corporations
  • Women’s Development Centres
  • Urban Local Bodies
  • Reputed Public Private Trust
  • Voluntary Organizations

However, it is necessary for the organization to have adequate experience in the field of trafficking, social defence, dealing with women and children in need of care and protection, children in conflict with law, etc

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