Ujjawala Scheme - Government Scheme to Stop Women Trafficking (Indian Polity)

The Ujjawala scheme was launched in 2007 to put an end to the trafficking of children and women. The objective of the scheme is to prevent, rescue, rehabilitate, reintegrate, and repatriate victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. Such schemes are important to be read for the IAS Exam as questions from it can come in both UPSC Prelims (Government Schemes) and Mains examination (Essay, GS-I, and GS-II). Read more about the Ujjawala Scheme in this article.

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Ujjawala Scheme Notes:- Download PDF Here

What is Ujjawala Scheme?

Trafficking of children and women for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime violating basic human rights. Lack of a protective environment, low status of women, and poverty are a few reasons for trafficking. Ujjawala is a thorough scheme launched by the government for the prevention of illicit trafficking and also for the rescue, reintegration, and rehabilitation of the victims who were trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.

Ujjawala Scheme Objectives

  • Prevention of trafficking of children and women for commercial sexual exploitation by means of social mobilization and awareness generation programmes, the participation of local communities, generation of public debates, and opinions through seminars/workshops and other innovative activities.
  • Facilitating the rescue of victims and placing them in safe custody.
  • Provision of rehabilitation services to the victims through the provision of basic amenities and needs like food, clothing, shelter, medical help, legal aid, guidance, counseling as well as vocational training.
  • For working towards reintegrating the victims into their family and the society at large.
  • Facilitating cross-border victims to repatriate into their home country.

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Ujjawala Scheme Components:

  1. Rescue
  2. Prevention
  3. Rehabilitation
  4. Re-integration
  5. Repatriation

Target Group Or Beneficiaries of Ujjawalla Scheme

  • Women and children who are vulnerable to trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
  • Women and children who are victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.

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Implementing Agencies:

The agencies for implementation of the scheme are:

  • Women and Child Welfare Department or Social Welfare Department of State Government
  • Women’s Development Corporations/Centres
  • Urban Local Bodies
  • Renowned Public-Private Trusts
  • Voluntary Organisations

However, the organization must have sufficient experience in the domains of trafficking, handling women and children who need protection and care, social defense, juveniles in conflict with the law, etc.

Eligibility Condition for Implementing Organizations

The implementing agencies must fulfill the below-mentioned eligibility conditions:

  1. The organization should be registered under the law and must have a managing body with its powers and functions clearly in sync with the guidelines and framework laid down in the Constitution for such bodies.
  2. The agency should not have the primary motive of gaining profit from any individual or group
  3. Minimum of 3 years of experience is a must post-registration of the organization
  4. The organization should be financially sound with proper availability of resources and experienced personnel to handle delicate issues.

Ujjawala Scheme Notes:- Download PDF Here

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