Women Empowerment - A Brief Overview

Women Empowerment is the progression of women and, accepting and including them in the decision-making process. It also means providing them with equal opportunities for growth and development in society, and disapproving gender bias.

Article 15(3) mentions the welfare of women and children and can be stated as “Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.”

Ministry for women and child development has collaborated with Facebook on November 19, 2019, to enhance digital literacy and online safety for women and children in India. The campaign categorized under the Global Literacy Program is named “We Think Digital”.

Women and children are a vital part of Indian society. Also, these are the most vulnerable sections of India.

This article provides a list of women empowerment schemes in India as listed under the Ministry of Women and Child Development. This is an important topic for UPSC and other government exams.

List of Major Women Empowerment schemes in India

The important women empowerment schemes in India are listed below:

Women Empowerment scheme Launch Year Objectives
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme 2015
  • To prevent gender-biased sex selective elimination
  • To ensure survival & protection of the girl child
  • To ensure education and participation of the girl child
One-Stop Centre Scheme 2015
  • To provide support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces.
  • To Facilitate/Assist in filing First Information Report (FIR/NCR)
  • To provide psycho-social support and counselling to women/girl
Women Helpline Scheme 2016
  • To provide toll-free 24-hours telecom service to women affected by violence.
  • To facilitate crisis and non-crisis intervention through referral to the appropriate agencies such as police/Hospitals/Ambulance services/District Legal Service Authority (DLSA)/Protection Officer (PO)/OSC.
  • To provide information about the appropriate support services, government schemes, and programs available to the woman affected by violence, in her particular situation within the local area in which she resides or is employed.
  • To prevent the trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation.
  • To facilitate the rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody.
  • To provide rehabilitation services with both immediate and long-term to the victims by providing basic amenities/needs such as shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment including counseling, legal aid and guidance, and vocational training.
Working Women Hostel 1972-73
  • To promote the availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women.
  • To provide accommodation to children of working women, up to the age of 18 years for girls and up to the age of 5 years for boys.
SWADHAR Greh 2018
  • To cater to the primary need for shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment, and care of women in distress.
  • To provide women with legal aid and guidance.
Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) 1986-87
  • To provide skills that give employability to women.
  • To benefit women in the age group of 16 and above in the country.
Nari Shakti Puraskar 2016
  • To strengthen the place of women in society.
  • To facilitate institutions that work towards the progress and development of women in society.
Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK) 2017
  • To create an environment for women where they have access to healthcare, quality, education, guidance, employment, etc.
  • To facilitate these opportunities at the block and district level in the country.
  • To facilitate safety and security for women at various levels.
  • To ensure strict privacy and confidentiality of women’s identity and information.
  • Provision for real-time intervention as far as possible
Mahila E-Haat 2016
  • To facilitate entrepreneurship opportunities online for women.
  • To educate women on various aspects of online selling and helping them establish their venture.
Mahila Police Volunteers 2016
  • An MPV will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime against women.
  • The broad mandate of MPVs is to report incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces.

The government of India has taken the safety and empowerment of women and children into serious consideration. The growing injustice towards women had to be minimised, and these schemes are the solutions to the major problems related to women in India. Aspirants should also know that Women Empowerment Essay is a probable choice in UPSC Mains. So making use of these schemes, aspirants can easily draft a good Women Empowerment Essay.

There are multiple other Government Schemes in India launched for the betterment of people in the society and for the overall development of the country. Aspirants can visit the linked article and learn in detail about the various schemes and campaigns introduced by the Government.

Women Empowerment in India – Recent News

  1. Speaking on the 25th Anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Union Minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Irani said at the United Nations that India recognises the centrality of gender equality and women’s empowerment in all aspects of developmental agenda. The minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Irani highlighted that more than 200 million women have been brought into the formal banking system through the Government’s Financial Inclusion Initiative. Innovative use of digital technologies has provided equal opportunity for women to access insurance, loans, and social assistance.
  2. Microsoft on Wednesday announced recently it has collaborated with the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) to impart digital skills to more than one lakh underserved women in India. This initiative is an extension of Microsoft’s partnership with NSDC to provide digital skills to over 1 lakh youth in the country. The programme will curate a series of live training sessions and digital skilling drives to help create opportunities for young girls and women, particularly first time job seekers and those whose jobs may have been impacted by COVID-19, to join the future workforce
  3. Women’s empowerment in India has received more attention in recent years, and one NGO is working to help disadvantaged Indian women achieve financial independence with one specific method: an all-women cab company. The Azad Foundation’s Women on Wheels program empowers impoverished women in India by providing them with a stable source of income and a safe environment where women can travel without fear of being harassed.

Women Empowerment Essay PDF:-Download PDF Here

Relevant Links

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains
Previous Years Indian Society Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper – 1 Previous Years Social Justice Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 2
UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-II Strategy, Syllabus & Structure Topic-Wise General Studies Paper – 2 Questions for UPSC Mains

Candidates can find the general pattern of the Civil Service Exam by visiting the UPSC Syllabus 2022 page.

Related Links:

IAS Exam UPSC Books
UPSC 2024 UPSC Notes
UPSC Syllabus UPSC Calendar 2024
Static GK Articles Difference Between Articles


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