Glimpse of Regulatory bodies in India | UPSC Exam

The current affairs play an important role in the UPSC IAS Exam. The UPSC IAS Exam is conducted in three stages. From the UPSC IAS Prelims to interview, it has a crucial role. It always overlaps with the core subjects like Polity, Economy, Geography, Indian History, and General science. If you want to crack the three stages of UPSC, you have to master in both the conventional areas and current affairs.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

There are a lot of regulatory bodies in India. These bodies have a significant role in structuring various sectors. Every sector in India has its own regulatory bodies. This is an important topic in UPSC IAS prelims examination.

Here we are giving the consolidated list of major regulatory bodies in India and their function. This will help your UPSC IAS Prelims preparation.

Regulatory bodies in India Sector Functions
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India – TRAI Telecommunication and Tariffs To make regulations to ease competition and enhance the  efficiency in the operation of telecommunication services
Competition Commission of India (CCI) Company affairs To protect the interest of consumers,  prevent some practices having harmful effect on competition
Securities and  Exchange Board of India Securities (Stock) and Capital Market To safeguard the interests of investors and to regulate the securities market.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)


Food industry To ensure the food quality, to watch and regulate the processing, manufacture, distribution, sale and import of food.
Medical Council of India Medical education To regulate and set up high and uniform standards of medical education
Reserve Bank of India (RBI)


Banking and Monetary regulations It executes multiple functions as a custodian to regulate all the banking and the monetary function in country
Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority of India – IRDAI


Insurance To regulate and enhance insurance business and reinsurance business in India.
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)


Financing Rural Development Functions as a supreme body for catering  the credit needs of all types of rural development

and agricultural

Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)


Certification and Censorship To regulate and monitor the public exhibition of movies.
Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority


Pension and welfare To regulate promote and develop the pension sector in the country.

Functions of Regulatory Bodies

The main functions of the regulatory body are typically identified as follows:

  • Regulations and guides
  • Review and assessment
  • Licensing
  • Inspection
  • Corrective actions
  • Enforcement

Challenges Associated with Regulatory Bodies in India

  1. Populist pressure: In India political populism often overtakes the economic agenda. This casts a shadow on regulation. There are constant interferences in the functioning of regulatory bodies by the ruling political parties such as government interventions in the RBI functioning.
  2. Inefficient review mechanism: The review mechanism of the functioning of the regulatory bodies under the aegis of parliamentary committees is not very robust.
  3. Selection of non-experts: The selection of non-experts to lead the regulatory bodies may bring a lack of efficiency in the functioning of such bodies. Recently, this issue was raised when the former Finance secretary was appointed as RBI chairman.
  4. Overlapping of Powers – The presence of many regulatory bodies causes overlapping of powers. Such as –
  5. Recommendations made by Regulatory Authorities are rarely implemented.

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Exam by visiting the IAS Syllabus page.

FAQ about Glimpse Of Regulatory Bodies In India

How do regulatory bodies work?

A regulatory body is a government agency or an organization.Its functions involve imposing requirements, conditions or restrictions, setting the standard for activities, and enforcing in these areas or obtaining compliance.

What is the difference between statutory body and regulatory body?

Statutory body is an autonomous corporate body. It is setup by an An Act of Parliament. The Act defines the powers, objectives, and functions of the body.A regulatory body is created on the basis of a legal mandate or legislation. In India, there are different regulating bodies to regulate each and every arm of the government service.

For more information on the various regulatory bodies in India, visit the below given relevant links.

Relevant Links

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *