List of Historical Monuments in India

Historical Monuments are the representation of India’s tradition and diverse cultural splendour. These monuments in India are the true guarding pillars of outstanding artistic talent. India is rich in culture, legacy structures, sanctuaries, posts, and royal residences. A large portion of the landmarks and fortifications in India reflects the cultural heritage. This article throws light on List of Historical Monuments in India.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Aspirants should begin their preparation by solving UPSC Previous Year Question Papers now!!

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Tourism Minister Prahlad Patel on 2nd October 2019, announced that single-use plastic will not be allowed on the premises of historical monuments and within 100 meters of them. UPSC has asked many factual questions about the monuments in India in the IAS Prelims examination. Important Monuments in India is an important static GK topic.

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List of Historical Monuments in India

India is a breathtaking tourism destination that provides visitors with a diverse range of experiences. From the magnificent Taj Mahal, one of the world’s marvels, to luxurious palaces and forts, India showcases a wealth of cultural treasures constructed hundreds of years ago.

The Statue of Unity is one such architectural masterpiece. Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the Statue of Unity on October 31, 2018, to honour Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s 143rd birthday.

It stands 177 feet taller than China’s Spring Temple Buddha statue (the world’s second highest), which took 11 years to create. The Statue of Unity is the tallest structure in the world, standing at 182 metres.

Let’s know some of the major historical monuments in India.

State Monument Place Built by



Golghar Patna British Govt.
Pathar Ki Masjid Patna Pervez Shah
Sher Shah’s Tomb Sasaram Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan
Vishnupad Temple Gaya Rani Ahilyabai



Feroz Shah Kotla Delhi Ferozshan Tughlaq
Hauz Khas Delhi Alauddin Khilji
Humayun Tomb Delhi Empress Bega Begum
Jama Masjid Delhi Shahjahan
Jantar-Mantar Delhi Sawai Jai Singh
Khirki Masjid Delhi Ghyasuddin Tughlaq
Lakshmi Narayan Temple Delhi Birla Family
Moti Masjid Delhi Aurangzeb
President House Delhi British Govt.
Purana Qila Delhi Sher Shah Suri
Qutub Minar Delhi Qutubuddin Aibak
Red Fort Delhi Shahjahan
Safdarjung Tomb Delhi Shuja-ud-daula


Sabarmati Ashram Ahmadabad Mahatma Gandhi


Jammu and Kashmir

Charar-E- Sharif Budgam Zainul Abedin
Nishat Garden Srinagar Asaf Ali
Shalimar Garden Srinagar Jahangir


Gol Gumbaz Bijapur Yaqut of Dabul



Ajanta- Ellora Caves Aurangabad Gupta rulers
Bibi Ka Maqbara Aurangabad Aurangzeb
Elephanta Cave Mumbai Rashtrakuta rulers
Gateway Of India Mumbai British Govt.
Kanheri Fort Mumbai Buddhists


Jagannath Temple Puri Anantavarman Ganga
Sun Temple Konark Narasimhadeva I


Golden Temple Amritsar Guru Ramdas





Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Ajmer Qutubuddin Aibak
Bharatpur Fort Bharatpur Raja Surajmal Singh
Ajmer Sharif Dargah Ajmer Sultan Shyasuddin
Dilwara Jain Temple Mount Abu Siddharaja
Hawa Mahal Jaipur Maharaja Pratap Singh
Jaigarh Fort Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh
Jodhpur Fort Jodhpur Rao Jodha
Nahargarh Fort Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh
Vijaya Stambha Chittorgarh Maharana Kumbha

Tamil Nadu

Saint George Fort Chennai East India Company



Char- Minar Hyderabad Quli Qutub Shah
Makka Masjid Hyderabad Quli Qutub Shah

Uttar Pradesh


Agra Fort Agra Akbar
Akbar Rsquo Tomb Sikandra Akbar
Anand Bhawan Allahabad Motilal Nehru
Aram Bagh Agra Babur
Bada Imambara Lucknow Asaf-ud-daula
Chhota Imambara Lucknow Muhammad Ali Shah
Deewan-E- Khas Agra Fort Shahjahan
Fatehpur Sikri Agra Akbar
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula Agra Nurjahan
Jama Masjid Agra Shahjahan
Moti Masjid Agra Shahjahan
Sati Burj Mathura Raja Bhagwan Das
Shish Mahal Agra Shahjahan
Taj Mahal Agra Shahjahan


West Bengal


Shantiniketan West Bengal Rabindranath Tagore
Belur Math Kolkata Swami Vivekananda
Victoria Memorial Kolkata British Govt.

Multiple Choice Question (MCQ)

1. Consider the Following Statements

  1. Sher Shah’s Tomb is located in Sasaram.
  2. Purana Qila located in Delhi was built by Sher Shah Suri.
  3. Shalimar Garden, located in Srinagar was built by Shah Jahan.
  4. Gol Gumbaz is located in Bidar district of Karnataka.

Which of the following statements are True?

A) None of the statements are true.

B) All the 4 statements are True.

C) Only 1 and 2 are true.

D) Only 3 and 4 are true.

Answer: C

2. Mir Muhammad Khan, the person credited with the building of Sher Shah Suri’s Tomb was _______

A) Chieftain of Sher Shah Suri

B) Administrator of the Sur Empire

C) Successor of Sher Shah Suri

D) Architect in Sher Shah’s court.

Answer: D)Architect in Sher Shah’s court.

List of Monuments in India:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions on Historical Monuments in India


Q 1. What is the importance of historical monuments in India?

Ans. Historical monuments play a very important role in studying and analysing the culture and architecture of ancient India. They are also the essence of Indian heritage and tell a lot about the historical background of the country.

Q 2. Which department is responsible for the maintenance of old monuments and heritage buildings in India?

Ans. The National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Ministry of Culture is responsible for the protection and preservation of monuments and sites through management of the prohibited and regulated area around the centrally protected monuments. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites, on the other hand, is done by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Related Links

Temple Architecture and Sculpture NCERT Notes Static GK
Indian National Congress President Present Attorney General of India
Indian Revenue Service BYJU’S CNA


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