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19 Nov 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 19 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
GOVERNANCE
1. Draft digital data protection Bill tabled for public comments
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INDIAN POLITY
1. The Governor is under the Constitution, not above it
SECURITY
1. Yes, the Indian Air Force needs a new doctrine
F. Prelims Facts
1. Sweet, not protein, in bamboo fruits triggers rat boom
G. Tidbits
1. SC rejects petition to create independent environment service
2. Aadhaar norms for prisoners simplified; Home Ministry calls for camps at 
all prisons for enrolment or update
3. N. Korea’s ICBM, with range to strike entire U.S., lands near Japan’s waters
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. SC rejects petition to create independent environment service

  • The Supreme Court refused to intervene and order the government to establish an independent Indian Environment Service under the scope of the All India Service cadre as recommended by the T.S.R. Subramanian Committee report in 2014.
  • The petitioner had urged the court to create an independent Indian Environment Service in order to curb large-scale environmental degradation. 
  • The petitioner had held that even the National Green Tribunal (NGT) had suggested the creation of a specialised all-India service.
  • The Supreme Court pointed out that the Union government had already responded that it does not intend to take any more steps in this regard while rejecting the petition.

2. Aadhaar norms for prisoners simplified; Home Ministry calls for camps at all prisons for enrolment or update

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has agreed to accept the Prisoner Induction Document as a valid document for Aadhaar enrolment or update. This has simplified the process of making Aadhaar available to prisoners across the country.
  • According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), there were about 1,319 prisons in the country with a total of over 5.5 lakh inmates as of December 31, 2021.
  • Section 57 of the Aadhaar Act, 2016, allows the use of the Aadhaar number for establishing the identity of an individual for any purpose.
  • The Aadhaar saturation level in India has crossed 93%, and it is close to 100% among the adult population and regular enrolment camps are being conducted in coordination with the State governments at the jails for facilitating the enrolment or update of Aadhaar.
  • The use of Aadhaar is expected to help regulate the day-to-day administration of prisons which includes monitoring the production of prisoners to court and their return, transport, health facilities, interviews, free legal aid, parole, and education or vocational training facilities.

3. N. Korea’s ICBM, with range to strike entire U.S., lands near Japan’s waters

  • North Korea has fired an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICMB) that landed close to Japanese waters recently which is the second major weapons test within a one-month duration that showcases the capability to launch nuclear strikes on all of the U.S. mainland.
  • As per the experts, the recent launch involved the longest-range missile, which is still under development and is designed to carry multiple nuclear warheads to overcome U.S. missile defence systems.
  • North Korea’s recent tests aim to advance its nuclear arsenal and win greater concessions in future diplomacy and the tests have been conducted at a time when China and Russia have criticised the U.S. moves to toughen UN sanctions on curbing the North’s nuclear programme.
  • The U.S. has condemned the launch and has assured to take all measures to guarantee the safety of its territory and its allies South Korea and Japan.
  • Experts believe that North Korea tested a developmental Hwasong-17 missile, which is capable of carrying three to five nuclear warheads with a range of about 15,000 km.
  • Further, North Korea also has two other ICBMs that can potentially reach parts or all of the U.S. homeland. 

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regards to the Supreme Court of India: 
(Level – Easy)
  1. While the Chief Justice of India is the judicial head of the Supreme Court, the President of India plays the role of the administrative head of the Court.
  2. President of India exercises the prerogative of allocating cases to particular benches.
  3. The Chief Justice decides the number of judges that will hear a case.

Choose the correct code:

  1. One statement is correct
  2. Two statements are correct
  3. All statements are correct
  4. None of them
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The Chief Justice of India as the “Master of Roster” is both the judicial as well as the administrative head of the Supreme Court.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The Chief Justice of India is responsible for the allocation of cases to particular benches.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Chief Justice of India decides the number of judges and even its composition of a bench that will hear a case.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regards to the Nuclear non-proliferation 
treaty: (Level – Medium)
  1. The Treaty represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  2. Safeguards are used to verify compliance with the Treaty through inspections conducted by the IAEA.
  3. More countries have ratified the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 3 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The NPT represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
    • Safeguards are used to verify compliance with the Treaty through inspections conducted by the IAEA.
  • Statement 3 is correct, More countries have ratified the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement
Q3. Consider the following statements with regards to the 2022 FIFA world cup: 
(Level – Medium)
  1. This is the first football world cup to be hosted in Asia.
  2. FIFA has suspended Russia from international competitions “until further notice”, including its participation in the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
  3. The tournament’s official mascot is named ‘Al-Rihla’, which is an Arabic word meaning “super-skilled player”.

Choose the correct code:

  1. None of the statements is correct
  2. Only one statement is correct
  3. Only two statements are correct
  4. All the statements are correct
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, The 2022 FIFA world cup will be the first World Cup to be held in the Arab countries and the second instance to be held entirely in Asia after the 2002 tournament in South Korea and Japan.
  • Statement 2 is correct, FIFA has suspended Russia from international competitions “until further notice”, including its participation in the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, The Official Mascot for the Qatar 2022 World Cup has been revealed and he is a super-skilled football player called “La’eeb”.
    • The official match ball for the 2022 FIFA World Cup is named “Al Rihla” by Adidas which means “the journey” in Arabic and is inspired by the culture, architecture, iconic boats and flag of Qatar.
Q4. Which of the following organizations publishes the ‘State of the economy’ report?
(Level – Easy)
  1. Reserve Bank of India
  2. NITI Aayog
  3. FICCI
  4. Finance Ministry
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The “State of the economy” Report is published by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
Q5. The Preamble to the Constitution of India is (Level – Easy) PYQ (2020)
  1. A part of the Constitution but has no legal effect
  2. Not a part of the Constitution and has no legal effect either
  3. A part of the Constitution and has the same legal effect as any other part
  4. A part of the Constitution but has no legal effect independently of other parts
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Case  Judgement
A.K. Gopalan vs State of Madras (1950) The Supreme Court ruled that Preamble is not enforceable in a court of law.
Berubari Union (1960) The Supreme Court ruled that Preamble is not a part of the Indian Constitution however, it helps in interpretation of the clauses of the Constitution.
Keshavananda Bharti vs State of Kerala (1973) The Supreme Court ruled that the Preamble is a part of the Indian Constitution.
Union Government Vs LIC of India (1995 ) The Supreme Court once again held that Preamble is the integral part of the Constitution but is not directly enforceable in a court of justice in India.

CNA 19 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

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