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The total distance around a shape is referred to as its perimeter. It is the length of any two-dimensional geometric shape’s outline or boundary. Depending on the dimensions, the perimeter of different shapes can be equal....Read MoreRead Less

Similarity in geometry is defined as the similarity in ** shape** of two geometric shapes. The lengths of the corresponding sides of two geometric shapes will be proportional when they are similar. To put it in an alternative way, two geometric shapes are said to be similar if they have many of the same features, but are not

In geometry, ** perimeter** refers to the path or boundary that surrounds a shape. Another way to describe a shape is by the length of its outline. When we talk about two similar shapes then their corresponding sides are in a particular ratio, which is called the

In the following section we will look at the relationship between the perimeter of similar geometric shapes. There will be a variety of similar shapes in the worked examples, but we can start with similar triangles and the ratio between side lengths and their perimeters.

The total distance around the boundary of a geometric shape is known as its perimeter. The ratio of two similar perimeters of two similar shapes is equal to the ratio of the lengths of their corresponding sides. Let’s assume that the triangles in the image are similar. P1 and P2 are the perimeters of the triangles PQR and XYZ. Let s1 and s2 be the corresponding side lengths of the two triangles.

Following this, we have:

P1 : P2 = s1 : s2

The expression can also be written in the fraction form as:

\(\frac{p1}{p2}=\frac{s1}{s2}\)

The ratio of the perimeters of similar geometric shapes equals the ratio of their corresponding side lengths. Since we already considered two similar triangles, PQR and XYZ, then this implies that,

\(\frac{\text{Perimeter of triangle PQR}}{\text{Perimeter of triangle XYZ}}=\frac{\text{PQ}}{\text{XY}}=\frac{\text{QR}}{\text{YZ}}=\frac{\text{PR}}{\text{XZ}}\).

Where, PQ, QR, PR are the side lengths of the triangle PQR.

XY, YZ, XZ are the side lengths of the triangle XYZ.

**Example 1: Determine the perimeters of the shapes given below and determine the ratio of perimeters of the below shapes.**

**Solution:**

As we know, the perimeter of a geometric shape is the total distance around the boundary of the shape.

Hence, the perimeter of the first shape = 12 + 20 + 16 = 48 inches

The perimeter of the second shape = 2 + 5 + 4 = 12 inches

We also know that,

The ratio of the perimeters of two similar shapes is equal to the ratio of their corresponding side’s lengths.

Therefore, the ratio of perimeters of shapes A and B

\(=\frac{48}{12}\)

\(=\frac{4}{1}\)

= 4 : 1

Therefore, ratio of perimeters = 4:1 = scale factor.

**Example 2: This pair of triangles are s similar. Find the missing perimeter. (P denotes the perimeter).The scale factor of A to B is 2.6 : 9. Find the perimeter of triangle A.**

**Solution:**

Given that, scale factor = 2.6 : 9 = ratio of perimeters

Therefore,

\(\frac{\text{Perimeter of triangle A}}{\text{Perimeter of triangle B}}=\frac{P_A}{P_B}=\frac{2.6}{9}\)

\(\frac{P_A}{36}=\frac{2.6}{9}\) (since the perimeter of triangle B is 36 feet)

\(P_A=\frac{2.6}{9}\times 36\)

\(P_A=10.4\) feet

Hence, The perimeter of the shape A is 10.4 feet.

**Example 3 : This pair of shapes are similar. Find the missing perimeter. (P denotes the perimeter). The scale factor of X to Y is 7.5 : 1. Find the perimeter of Y.**

**Solution:**

Given that, scale factor = 7.5 : 1 = ratio of perimeters.

Therefore,

\(\frac{\text{Perimeter of shape X}}{\text{Perimeter of shape X}}=\frac{P_X}{P_Y}=\frac{1}{7.5}\)

\(\frac{15}{P_Y}=\frac{1}{7.5}\) (since the perimeter of shape X is 15 inches)

\(P_Y=7.5 \times 15\) (Cross multiplied)

\(P_Y=112.5\) inches.

Hence, the perimeter of the shape Y is 112.5 inches.

**Example 4: If the scale factor between two regular geometric shapes G and F is 3:0.8 and the perimeter of shape G is 60 yards, calculate the perimeter of shape F.**

**Solution:**

Given that, scale factor = 3 : 0.8 = ratio of perimeters.

Therefore,

\(\frac{\text{Perimeter of shape G}}{\text{Perimeter of shape F}}=\frac{P_G}{P_F}=\frac{3}{0.8}\) (since the perimeter of shape G is 30 Yards)

\(0.8 \times 60 = P_F \times 3\) (Cross multiplied)

\(P_F=16\) yards.

Hence, the perimeter of the shape F is 16 yards.

**Example 5: The given pair of shapes is similar. Find the missing perimeter. (P denotes the perimeter).The scale factor of S to R is 6 : 7. Find the perimeter of R.**

**Solution:**

Given that, the scale factor of S to R = 6 : 7

So, the scale factor of R to S would be 7 : 6, which is also equal to the ratio of the perimeters of the shapes R and S.

Therefore, \(\frac{\text{Perimeter of shape R}}{\text{Perimeter of shape S}}=\frac{P_R}{P_S}=\frac{7}{6}\)

\(\frac{P_R}{24}=\frac{7}{6}\) (since the perimeter of shape S is 24 feet)

\(P_R=\frac{7}{6} \times 24\) (Cross multiplied)

\(P_R=28\) feets

Hence, the perimeter of the shape R is 28 feets.

Frequently Asked Questions

The difference between congruence and similarity in geometric shapes is that similar shapes can be resized versions of the same shape, however, congruent shapes have sides of the same lengths or angles.

The perimeter of a geometric shape is calculated by multiplying the ** scale factor** by the perimeter of the original perimeter, which may be of a smaller size. For example, if the scale factor is three, the perimeter of the new shape will be three times that of the original, smaller shape. In addition, the area of a shape that is larger than a similar shape that is smaller is also equal to the