2nd Grade Math, Curriculum & Online Math Classes for Grade 2 @BYJUS

2nd Grade Math

Second grade is the stage when students start to delve deeper into foundational math concepts like numeracy that they have already started learning in the first grade. As second grade math develops on the concepts that students learned in the first grade, some topics are present in both grades. However, these topics will be discussed in more detail and at an advanced level in the second grade. Math is a subject that can be mastered only by practice. Thus the focus is also on the reiteration of concepts, which will help students recollect, learn, and apply the concepts to new and difficult situations. BYJU’S Math is the right platform for students to learn second grade math as we have detailed explanations of concepts with relatable real-life examples that help students grasp concepts effectively. Additionally, we have a large repository of second grade math problems that students can practice to master the concepts....Read MoreRead Less

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Grade 2 Math Curriculum

Numbers and Arrays ​

Even though 2nd grade math students have already learned numbers up to 120, it is good practice to brush up on these numbers. Students can find it difficult to recollect the right sequence of numbers if they are not using them frequently. This section also introduces the concept of arrays—a method of arranging numbers and objects in a pattern to understand the underlying structure of a number.

Addition to 100 Strategies

Addition is the operation that involves adding two or more numbers. Second grade math students will learn how to add numbers up to 100 using simple addition problems. Later on, students will learn various strategies to effectively operate on two numbers. . Second grade math problems, will reinforce the concept of addition.

Fluency and Strategies in Addition of Numbers

Second grade math students need to be fluent in the addition of numbers. Learning multiple strategies like number line, addition facts, relation between addition and subtraction, doubling and halving along with using real-life objects will help them achieve the required fluency. 


Addition Strategy

Here, 2nd graders will be introduced to multiple strategies that can be used for the addition of numbers. Each strategy will be discussed in detail in separate articles.


Addition of Numbers using Number Line

Number line is one of the most fundamental mathematical visual model to learn the addition of numbers. Second grade math students will get a visual model to internalise the otherwise abstract concept of  addition when they do the operations on a number line.


Addition of Numbers using Place Value

Place values are the building blocks of the 10 base decimal number system. Students will be able to perform the addition of larger numbers using the place value method. 


Addition of Numbers using Decomposition Method

Addition using decomposition is built upon the concept of addition using place value. Once second graders learn these strategies of addition, they will be able to learn different math operations.  This strategy will help them in mental addition later on.

Subtraction to 100 Strategies

Subtraction is the process of taking awaysome quantity from the given quantity. Here, 2nd grade math students will learn how to perform subtraction on numbers up to 100 using simple subtraction strategies. Learning to perform subtraction using multiple strategies will help students understand the concept thoroughly.

Understand Place Value to 1,000

Place value form the building blocks for understanding large numbers. Having a thorough understanding of place values will help students get acquainted with larger numbers quickly. Hence, second grade math students need to have an in-depth understanding of place values before they move on to larger numbers.

Understanding Place Value

Place value determines the value of each digit in a number, depending on its position. Understanding place value will enable students to perform math operations quickly. 


Represent Number in Different ways using Place Values

A number can be represented in multiple ways using place values. Learning this concept will make the students more comfortable dealing with the different methods of representing numbers. 


Concepts of Counting

Second grade math students have already ticked off this item from the second grade skills checklist. Even though they are comfortable with counting objects, this section will help them reinforce their understanding og large numbers with the help of second grade math problems. 


Concepts of Counting using Place Value

Second graders are made toreimagine the concept of counting using the concept of place value. This will help them count and handle larger quantities easily. 


Concepts of Counting using More or Less Numbers

Counting using more or less numbers is a strategy that helps develop number sense.Students will learn this variation to gain a wider perspective of the concept.


Skip Counting

Skip counting is an essential skill as this lays this helps internalise the number system and discover the patterns. Students will solve math problems designed for second graders to learn this concept. 


Add Numbers within 1,000

Now that students know how to add numbers up to 100, it is time to scale up their abilities. Here, the students will be introduced to the addition of numbers up to 1000. Students should find themselves well equipped to add large numbers  since theyhave learnt multiple strategies to perform the addition operation. The adding of large numbers upto three plave value  further encourages them to choose from various strategies and methods and solve addition problems efficiently

Addition of Numbers using Partial Sum

In this method, second graders will learn how to use the place values to find the partial sum of two numbers. This method supports mental addition of numbers.


Addition of Numbers using Regrouping of Places

The addition of numbers using regrouping is an important method that most students will need to handle addition problems when two or more digits at a given place add to 10 or more than 10. This is a precursor  to  shifting  students towards the standard algorithm of adding numbers. 


Addition of Numbers using Partial Sum and Regrouping of Places

Now that students are familiar with addition using partial sum and regrouping of places, we can combine these two methods to perform addition easily. 


Addition of Three and Four Digit Numbers

Here, second grade math students will learn to generalise their understanding of adding two-digit numbers to add three-digit numbers and four-digit numbers. Students will get acquainted with working with larger numbers.

Subtract Numbers within 1,000

Second grade math students will learn subtraction of numbers up to 1000. This learning will be an extension of what they have learned in subtraction of smaller numbers and addition of larger numbers. As students are already familiar with working with larger numbers, they will find it easy to perform subtraction of big numbers.

Subtraction of Numbers using Regrouping

The regrouping method is required for both addition and subtraction. Here, the students will learn to subtract two numbers when the subtrahend has a digit which is greater than the digit for the given number at the same place value.


Subtraction of Numbers using Addition of Numbers

Subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. Hence, subtraction can be performed using addition. Students will learn this strategy of subtraction in this section. 


Subtraction of 3-digit Numbers

It is important for a second grader to feel at home while performing subtraction with any number. The math problems for second graders will help them perform subtraction of three-digit numbers easily. 

Measure and Estimate Lengths

Students have already learned to apply math concepts to the physical world by learning to measure the lengths of objects around them. In this section, they will expand on what they have learned and learn the concept of estimation of length of various object around them using non-standard units.

Measuring the Length of an Object

Second grade students have already learned how to measure the length of an object. This concept has to be reiterated with more challenging problem situations as students need to be thorough with the concept. 


Estimating Object Length using Different Units

Students will learn how to estimate the length of objects using different nonstandard units. This section will be backed by math problems for second grade students, as they need the practice to understand the concept. 


Addition and Subtraction of Length Units

Now that 2nd grade students are comfortable with addition, subtraction, and the concept of measuring lengths, it is time to combine these three concepts and learn how to add and subtract units of length. 

Represent and Interpret Data

Apart from learning numbers and how to manipulate them using math operations, students also need to learn efficient ways to represent data. Second graders will learn deeply about the different ways of representing data in this section.

Data and Survey

The first step in data collection is to survey data. Here, the second grade math students will learn how to collect data and organize them in a way that is easily understood.


Interpretation of Tally Graph

Tally graphs are one of the most basic methods used to organise data. Students will learn about tally charts in detail and solve second grade math problems related to data handling. 


Interpretation of Bar Graph

A bar graph is a method of data representation that students will use throughout their school. They will be introduced to the basic concepts of bar graphs in this section. 


Plotting of Lines

Plotting lines based on the collected data will give students a visual representation of the data they have in hand. Students will solve 2nd grade math problems to understand the steps involved in plotting lines. 

Money and Time

Money and time are concepts that take math out of the books and make learning it fun and useful to solve the real world problems. Concepts like money and time are concepts that have real-world connect. Understanding these concepts is essential for all students. So, 2nd grade students will solve many math problems related to money and math.

Total Money Value

A given amount can be represented using the different denominations. Here, the second graders will learn the value of each denomination and how they are used for transactions. 


Conversion of Money Units

Second grade students have already learned about the various denominations of money. Now, students will learn how to convert money from one denomination to another as part of handling  and solving real life situations. 


Word Problem on Money

As money is an important real-life application of math, students need to have a detailed understanding of it. Solving second grade math word problems will help students learn more not only about handling money in real life context but also appreciate math as a useful activity.


Time Before & After

Reading time, keeping track of time, and being able to schedule tasks are life skills that second grade students will acquire from school. Check out these free online courses to learn how to read the time. 


Measurement of Time using Units

Time is measured in different units like seconds, minutes, hours, and so on. Second grade math students will learn how these units are used to measure time.


Identify and Partition Shapes

Identifying and partitioning shapes is a fundamental concept of geometry. As this chapter is based on real-world objects with which students interact, students usually find it really interesting. In this section, 2nd grade math students will solve math problems related to identifying and partitioning shapes.

Identifying 2D Shapes

Two-dimensional shapes are shapes that have length and breadth. Students will learn how to identify different types of two-dimensional shapes and solve math problems based on them.


Identifying Cubes and Rectangles

After learning about two-dimensional shapes, the next step is to learn the basic three-dimensional shapes like cubes and cuboids. Here, students will understand the relationship between two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional shapes.


Identify Angles of Polygons

The angles observed in shapes and objects is one of the most important concepts in geometry. Second graders will learn what is an angle, how to identify the various angles present in shapes having multiple sides.


Regular Hexagon

A regular hexagon is a shape that has six equal sides and six equal angles. As hexagons are common shapes, students will learn about the properties of the angles formed in this specific shape.


Partitioning Shapes into Equal Shares

Partitioning shapes into equal shares is an important topic as it forms the foundation of concepts like fractions and ratios. Second graders will solve questions based on partitioning real-world objects into equal shares. 

Make your child Math confident for life

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Make your child Math confident for life

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Helpful Resource for your Kids

Math worksheets are an incredible learning tool that helps students practice their basic math skills. Solving math worksheets regularly helps your child to be more confident in mathematics. Click the links below to download free online math worksheets for your kids to practice.

Frequently Asked Questions

As the concepts discussed in second grade are fundamental, students need proper exposure and a reliable set of resources. Second grade students can improve their performance in math by practicing questions available for free on BYJU’S Math.

There are multiple methods to perform the addition of numbers. Students can learn various strategies and methods on BYJU’s Math and choose the method they are most comfortable and solve the problems efficiently.

As it is discussed in one of the topics, subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. Once second graders are comfortable with addition, they will be able to use the understanding and knowledge of addition to solve subtraction problems easily.

Two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional shapes are fundamental to the field of geometry—a branch of math. So, students should be able to identify these shapes starting from a young age.

To learn larger numbers easily, emphasis should be on number sense and  understanding of place values. Number sense helps student appreciate the meaning and value of a number and how it is related to other numbers. Knowing place values will help students understand how big numbers can be formed using the small numbers that they have already studied.