Home / United States / Math Classes / 4th Grade Math

Fourth grade math students start learning complex math concepts based on the concepts they have already learned in earlier grades. They will learn to perform multiplication and division on bigger numbers and learn about concepts like fractions, area and perimeter in detail. Fourth graders need to practice these concepts to retain everything they have learned. They can make use of the resources and free online classes offered by BYJU’S Math to improve their performance in math. ...Read MoreRead Less

Grade 4 uses the concept of place value to expand the learner’s knowledge of numbers to larger numbers. Once students learn the concept of place value, it is easy to get acquainted with bigger numbers.

Place value determines the value of a digit in a number by virtue of its position. Fourth grade math students need to learn the concept of place values to easily perform operations with larger numbers.

A number can be represented in multiple ways. Math students in fourth grade need to be familiar with all of these ways be it using numerals, place value or the expanded form.

Here, students will learn to compare two large numbers using the decimal place value system.

Learners are introduced to the sign of equality as the representation of a balanced equation.

Rounding off numbers is an important skill to estimate the value of numbers. Fourth grade students will learn how to apply this strategy to mentally solve math problems in an effective manner.

Fourth grade math students are already familiar with the addition and subtraction operations. Here, they will learn to perform addition and subtraction of multi-digit numbers using standard methods and solve challenging real life word problems.

Solving problems mentally and developing good estimation skills requires students to operate on numbers using rounding off as a method. It is essential to expose learners to operate on numbers using rounding; this will encourage them to participate actively in daily activities like checking bills, making budgets, etc.

In this section, fourth graders will extend the concept of addition to include larger numbers. This time the emphasis will also be on standard methods and using the properties of addition.

Once students are familiar with the addition operation, learning subtraction is easy, as it is the inverse operation of addition. Here, fourth graders will perform subtraction operations on multi-digit numbers using standard algorithms and subtraction properties.

As fourth grade math students, learners will be required to master addition and subtraction operations. Using properties and multiple strategies will help them develop mastery and fluency over the addition and subtraction concepts.

Here, students will learn to practice addition and subtraction involving large numbers in problems that require only two steps. They will solve fourth grade math questions to practice the operations.

Once learners have understood multiplication as the ‘times’ concept using single digits, they are then encouraged to extend this understanding to larger numbers. Here, fourth graders will learn to multiply a two or more than two digit number with a single-digit number. This will be done using real life problems situations along with multiplication properties.

Multiplication is essentially the ‘times’ concept or repeated addition. Instead of adding the same number a certain number of times, we can multiply the number to find the product. Here, students will learn to multiply any number with a single-digit number.

Students will learn how big or small a given value is as compared to the product of the other value with a specific number.

Students can simplify multiplication operations by applying the concept of place value.

Multiplication of numbers can be carried out using multiple strategies. Here, fourth grade math students will learn to perform operations on single-digit numbers using the properties of multiplication. They will also learn to perform the same operations using visual and area models for clarity in understanding.

Multiplication can become real handy if the learners are equipped with the concept of decomposing a big number into friendly numbers and apply properties like distributivity to ease multiplication problems.

Multiplication of two numbers can be carried out using multiple strategies. A handy strategy is to break a number into friendly numbers and use partial product or the smaller rectangular area, The final product can be found by adding the sum of the partial products.

Rounding off is a method of estimation used to encourage mental math and verification while performing math operations. Here, students will learn to estimate products of two numbers using rounding off as the core concept.

The concept of expanded form can be used to perform the multiplication of two numbers. Here, students will learn this concept with the help of fourth grade math problems.

Here, 4th grade math students will extend their understanding of the multiplication concept by the multiplication of multi-digit numbers by single-digit numbers and solve problems based on it.

In this section, 4th grade math students will learn to perform the multiplication of two-digit numbers.

Multiplication of two-digit numbers can be carried out using multiple methods. Students can use the concept of place values and properties of numbers to perform multiplication operations.

Fourth graders will learn to use the concept of rounding off and the use of compatible numbers to simplify multiplication operations.

Here, fourth grade math students will learn to perform multiplication on two-digit numbers using the concept of partial products.

Multiplying two-digit numbers using the area model is a unique way of solving multiplication operations. It gives students a visual representation of the operation.

The multiplication operation can be carried out using multiple strategies. Students need to be familiar with these strategies to perform operations quickly.

Multiplication operations can be simplified using the various properties like distributivity, multiples of 10s, etc. Here, students will learn to multiply numbers using properties, and they will solve questions based on this concept.

Here, fourth graders will apply their knowledge of multiplication to solving multi-step multiplication operations involving two-digit numbers.

Division is the method of distributing a quantity into equal parts. As fourth grade students are already familiar with the division of smaller quantities or numbers, they will apply their learning to perform the division of multi-digit numbers. They will solve math problems for fourth graders to gain a robust understanding of division as a concept.

Here, fourth graders will learn to perform division operations of multi-digit numbers using the concept of partial quotients. This helps students use strategies like chunking, multiples of 10s,etc. to handle division of large quantities in a strategic manner.

Here, students will learn the division of single-digit numbers, backed by fourth grade math problems.

In this article, students will learn to perform the division of two-digit numbers by single-digit numbers.

Fourth graders will extend their understanding of division to divide multi-digit numbers by single-digit numbers.

Place value is basically the building block of the number system. Students can use the strategy of expanding and decomposing a big number using place value to perform division operations in a handy and comprehensible manner.

The usage of models will give students a visual representation of what they are learning. Fourth graders will learn to perform division using math models.

Factors and multiples are concepts to further a learner’s understanding of multiplication. Factors are numbers involved in multiplication operations, and multiples are numbers obtained by multiplying a number with other numbers. Students will also be able to observe specific patterns among the multiples of numbers.

All multiples have a factor pair associated with them. Here, fourth graders will learn to find factor pairs using divisibility rules.

The terms factors and multiples are correlated. These concepts are of great significance in daily life problem solving.

Prime numbers are numbers that have only two factors: 1 and the number itself. Composite numbers, on the other hand, have more than two factors. Here, fourth grade math students will learn to identify prime and composite numbers.

There are specific numbers and shape patterns that can be found related to factors and multiples. In this section, fourth graders will learn to identify these patterns among factors and multiples.

Fractions are quantities that appear between whole numbers. A single quantity can be expressed in multiple ways using different sizes of parts or fraction numbers. These fractions that represent the same value but a different combination of the numerator and denominator are known as equivalent fractions.

Equivalent fractions are formed by a combination of numerators and denominators that actually represent the same value. Students learn to generate equivalent fractions of any given fraction by multiplying or dividing its numerator and denominator by a specific value.

Students can understand the meaning of equivalent fractions for a given quantity using the area model or a number line.

Fourth graders will learn to compare any two fractions using visual methods and learning the underlying procedure.

Students will learn to perform addition and subtraction on fractions here. Addition and subtraction of fractions will be emphasized using visual models as well as deducing the procedural understanding. Students will learn these steps by practicing math problems for fourth graders.

Fourth graders will learn to use visual models to conceptualize the addition and subtraction of fractions.

Mixed fractions, or mixed numbers, are numbers that consist of a whole number along with a fractional part.

Here, fourth graders will learn to use models to represent fractions and mixed numbers.

Students will learn to add two fractions using the decomposition method.

Students will learn to add and subtract fractions that have the same denominator.

Students will learn to add and subtract mixed numbers that have the same denominator.

Fractions are the numbers that exist between whole numbers. Here, fourth grade math students will learn to multiply whole numbers with fractions and vice versa.

Here, 4th grade math students will learn about the concept of unit fractions and how they can be used to find multiples of fractions.

Students will be introduced to multi-step operations on fractions.

Fourth graders will learn to multiply fractions by whole numbers.

Decimals and fractions are closely related. A quantity represented using a fraction can be represented as a decimal number as well. Similarly, a quantity represented using a decimal number can be represented as a fraction as well. Here, students will focus on the relationship between decimals and fractions.

Fourth graders will extend their understanding of place value for large whole numbers to the place values for decimal numbers.

Students will learn to perform addition on decimal fractions and decimal numbers.

Fourth graders will learn to perform operations on fractions and decimals using the concept of place value.

Representation of money and its denominations is one of the real-life applications of decimal numbers. Here, students will learn how decimal numbers are related to money.

Fourth graders will learn to perform operations on money. They will also solve fourth grade math problems to master this concept.

Measurement is the branch of math that can help learners relate to the physical world in a methodical manner and participate through problem solving. Students will learn to measure different quantities using the principles they have already learned in the lower grades.

Fourth graders are already familiar with the concept of measurement of length. Now, they will learn to measure the length in metric units such as centimeters, meters, kilometers, and so on.

Learners are introduced to the system of measurement known as the ‘Customary System of Units’, which is followed in the United states. Here, fourth graders will learn about units like yards, feet, inches and miles, which are part of the customary unit system and solve conversion and real life problems based on them.

Mass and capacity are parameters used to describe three-dimensional objects. Fourth grade math students will learn the metric units of mass and capacity.

We use parameters like mass and capacity to describe three-dimensional objects. Here, 4th grade math students will learn the customary units of mass like tons and pounds. Similarly, for capacity, learners are introduced to units like gallons, pints, and ounces, etc.

Students have already learned to display data points on a graph. Here, they will learn to create and interpret line plots with the help of fourth grade math problems.

Time is the progression of events from the past to the present into the future. In this section, students will learn the units of time, their relationship and solve problems requiring conversion from one unit of time to another.

Elapsed time implies the duration taken for an event by measuring time that lies between the starting and ending of an event. Fourth graders will learn to measure the elapsed time of events through various problems.

Mixed measures are quantities expressed in multiple units. Students will learn to perform math operations on mixed measures and solve fourth grade math problems based on them.

Fourth grade math students have already been introduced to the concept of perimeter and area in lower grades. In fourth grade, they will learn to formalize the concept through a set of formulas used to find the area and perimeter of different shapes.

A rectangle is a four-sided shape whose opposite sides are equal and parallel. Here, fourth graders through the process of ‘square tiling’ will generalize the formula used to find the area and similarly use the perimeter generalization of rectangles and solve questions based on the same concept.

A square is a special type of rectangle in which all sides are of equal length. So, it has its own specific formulas for finding the area and perimeter which can help learners strategize and solve problems efficiently.

Points, lines, and angles are the basic units of geometry. Here, fourth graders are introduced to identify and draw points, lines, and rays with the help of some solved examples. This topic is important as students will use this concept multiple times while learning geometry.

Points, lines, and rays are basic concepts in geometry. A point is a geometric shape with zero dimensions. Meanwhile, lines and rays are one-dimensional shapes.

Angles are figures formed when two lines or two rays meet. Angle specifies the extent of separation between the two lines. Angles are measured in units called degrees.

Here, fourth graders will learn to find the measure of unknown angles. Students should know to measure angles because it will help them solve many mathematical as well as real-life problems.

There are multiple ways to measure angles. Students can use figures with which they are already familiar—pattern blocks. Or they can use a simple instrument known as a protractor.

Symmetry is a property of shapes and objects. A symmetric figure does not change with transformations like rotation and reflection.

Here, fourth graders will learn how to identify either single or multiple lines of symmetry among various two-dimensional shapes.

Triangles can be classified based on the length of their sides and angles. This classification is based on the length of the sides in a triangle.

Triangles are classified into four categories based on the measurement of their angles: acute, obtuse, right-angled, and equiangular. Fourth graders will learn about each type of triangle in detail.

In general, quadrilaterals are two-dimensional shapes that are closed and have four sides. Since this is a generic definition, quadrilaterals are further classified into different types based on specific features. Fourth grade math students will learn about each of these quadrilaterals in detail.

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Solving math worksheets regularly is a great way to ensure your child learns to focus on math. It also helps your child to be more efficient in solving math problems. Click the links below to download free math worksheets.

Frequently Asked Questions

Grade 4 students are introduced to the fundamental geometric concepts like points, lines, rays, angles.

Factors are numbers that can completely divide a number without leaving any remainder. On the other hand, the result of the multiplication operation on the given number leads to the multiples of the number.

Triangles are classified according to the length of their sides and the measure of their angles.

Fourth grade is an important grade where various new mathematical concepts are introduced like geometry, decimals, conversion etc. Students should practice a lot of questions to learn concepts thoroughly. BYJU’S Math provides free online classes and learning materials that students can try out. Fourth grade math problems available on BYJU’S Math should help students learn and thoroughly understand concepts.

Fourth graders should learn the concept of estimation as it will help them minimize calculation errors. Fourth graders will be performing calculations quite often. Knowing the estimated value of the outcome of math operations before performing the operation helps students stick to the expected outcome.