Interesting Facts about Indian Railways

Transportation is the major part of Indian economy. Indian Railways started its service 164 years ago on 16 April 1853. The first train was run over a stretch of 33 kilometers from Mumbai to Thane. The Indian transportation system is very important in UPSC IAS Exam also. Here we are giving some interesting facts about Indian Railways.

  • The Fairy Queen is the oldest functioning steam engine in the world. It is plying between New Delhi and Alwar in Rajasthan.
  • Four sites of Indian Railways have been declared as “World Heritage sites” by the UNESCO. They are Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain, Mumbai CST, and Kalka-Shimla Railways.
  • Indian Railways was nationalized in 1951
  • Toilets were introduced on Indian Railways in 1909.
  • Indian Railways started computerized reservation in New Delhi in 1986. 
  • Indian Railways is the world’s second largest network operated under a single administration and the largest rail network in Asia.
  • The railway runs more than 7,421 cargo trains carrying 3 million tons of freight daily.

Read more | Economics strategy for Civil services Preliminary Examination

  • Indian Railway has gone into a select club of railways that includes China, Russia, and the USA in carrying more than one billion tons of cargo yearly. 
  • According to the Acworth Committee in 1920-21, the railway finances of India were separated from the general government finances in 1924.
  • In 1994, the first live telecast of railway budget took place.
  • Recently Railway and General Budget has merged.
  • India’s fastest train has successfully completed a trial run at 160 km per hour on the route between Delhi and Agra in just 90 minutes.
  • In 2000, Mamata Banerjee was the first woman to become Railway Minister.
  • She holds the record of being the only woman who introduced the railway budget for two different governments in the Parliament (UPA and NDA).
  • The Gatimaan Express (New Delhi- Agra) is currently the fastest train.
  • The Mettupalayam-Ooty Nilgiri Passenger train is the slowest train which runs at an average speed of 10 kmph.
  • The New Delhi Railway Station has the world’s largest Route Relay Interlocking System.
  • Indian Railways is the world’s seventh largest employer with over 1.4 million employees on its rolls.
  • The renewed platform at Gorakhpur Railway Station in Uttar Pradesh has become the world’s longest, measuring 1,366 meters.
  • Indian Railways is building the world’s highest railway bridge five times the height of Qutub Minar and 35 meters taller than Eiffel Tower.
  • Indian Railways’ longest tunnel is Pir Panjal that links Kashmir Valley with Banihal in Jammu.
  • Station with the shortest name is Ib in Odisha.
  • Venkatanarasimharajuvariipeta is the station with the longest name.

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